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Linux NFS 服务部署

2014-10-09 23:01  AlfredZhao  阅读(1308)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报

系统环境:Oracle Linux 5.7

服务端:192.168.1.111

客户端:192.168.1.171

一、服务端配置

二、客户端配置

一、服务端配置

1.依次启动portmap和nfs服务

service portmap start

service nfs start

[root@OEL-ASM ~]#  service portmap status
portmap (pid 2543) is running...
[root@OEL-ASM ~]#  service nfs status
rpc.mountd is stopped
nfsd is stopped
rpc.rquotad is stopped
[root@OEL-ASM ~]# service nfs start
Starting NFS services:                                     [  OK  ]
Starting NFS quotas:                                       [  OK  ]
Starting NFS daemon:                                       [  OK  ]
Starting NFS mountd:                                       [  OK  ]
[root@OEL-ASM ~]# service nfs status
rpc.mountd (pid 10530) is running...
nfsd (pid 10527 10526 10525 10524 10523 10522 10521 10520) is running...
rpc.rquotad (pid 10504) is running...

2.将服务端需要共享的目录配置到/etc/exports文件中

例如在/etc/exports配置文件中添加一行:

/usr2/nfs *(rw)

配置/etc/exports文件后重启nfs服务

[root@OEL-ASM /]# mkdir -p /usr2/nfs
[root@OEL-ASM /]# cd /usr2/nfs
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# ls
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# pwd
/usr2/nfs
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# touch 1 2
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# vi 1
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# vi 2
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# more 1
Hello, World! one~
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# more 2
Hello, World! two.
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# pwd
/usr2/nfs
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# ls -lh
total 8.0K
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 19 10-09 10:02 1
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 19 10-09 10:03 2
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# vi /etc/exports
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# more /etc/exports
/usr2/nfs *(rw)
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# service nfs restart
Shutting down NFS mountd:                                  [  OK  ]
Shutting down NFS daemon:                                  [  OK  ]
Shutting down NFS quotas:                                  [  OK  ]
Starting NFS services:                                     [  OK  ]
Starting NFS quotas:                                       [  OK  ]
Starting NFS daemon:                                       [  OK  ]
Starting NFS mountd:                                       [  OK  ]
[root@OEL-ASM nfs]# showmount -e Export list for OEL-ASM: /usr2/nfs * [root@OEL-ASM nfs]# exportfs /usr2/nfs <world>

二、客户端配置

1.同样启动服务

service portmap start

service nfs start

2.创建挂载目录挂载服务端映射出来的目录

mkdir -p /usr2/nfs_map

mount -t nfs 192.168.1.111:/usr2/nfs /usr2/nfs_map

此时就可以在客户端/usr2/nfs_map目录下看到服务端/usr2/nfs目录下的文件了,如下:

# df -h
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/VolGroup00-LogVol00
                       55G   11G   41G  21% /
/dev/sda1              99M   23M   71M  25% /boot
tmpfs                 749M     0  749M   0% /dev/shm
192.168.1.111:/usr2/nfs
                       55G   11G   41G  21% /usr2/nfs_map
# ls -lh
total 8.0K
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 19 10-09 10:02 1
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 19 10-09 10:03 2

# more 1 Hello, World! one~
# more 2 Hello, World! two.

 更详尽的nfs服务相关知识可参见这篇转载文章:http://www.cnblogs.com/jyzhao/articles/4014418.html