JOJ
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关于OWA: 百度百科

有些项目中, 需要获取获取未读邮件数量, 比如在sharepoint项目中, 需要一个webpart来展示未读邮件. 做这个事情呢, 我也是第一次,之前连OWA,WebDAV是玩意也不知道是个什么东西.

当然还是借助强大的网络了, 网上其实很多人做个这个东西,多数都是一样,大多转载别人的(很多有注明地址.) 下面主要先贴出主要代码, 其实主要代码也不是我写的, 都是网上分享的. 只说说我期间遇到的一些问题.

code:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Configuration;
using Microsoft.SharePoint;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration;
///这里你需要添加web引用;ExchangeServiceBinding
using CompanyName.App.net.mail;

namespace CompanyName.App
{
    /// <summary>
    /// GetUnReadEmailCountHandler 的摘要说明
    /// </summary>
    public class GetUnReadEmailCountHandler : IHttpHandler
    {

        public void ProcessRequest(HttpContext context)
        {
            context.Response.ContentType = "text/plain";
            string unRead = "-1";
            try
            {
                unRead = @"<a href=""" + ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["MailServer"] + @""" target=""_blank"">" + GetUnreadMailCount().ToString() + "</a>";
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                ///写入错误日志
                SPDiagnosticsService.Local.WriteTrace(0, new SPDiagnosticsCategory("读取邮件出错", TraceSeverity.Unexpected, EventSeverity.Error), TraceSeverity.Unexpected, ex.Message, ex.StackTrace);
            }
            context.Response.Write(unRead);
        }

        public bool IsReusable
        {
            get
            {
                return false;
            }
        }

        

        protected int GetUnreadMailCount()
        {

            try
            {
                string connectionString = System.Configuration.ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["ExchangeContext"];

                int unreadCount = 0;

               ///绑定exchange服务器 这里你需要添加web引用,https://mail.Address.com/EWS/Exchange.asmx 
               ExchangeServiceBinding exchangeServer = new ExchangeServiceBinding();
               ///下面这句可以解决:"基础连接已经关闭: 未能为 SSL/TLS 安全通道建立信任关系"
               System.Net.ServicePointManager.ServerCertificateValidationCallback =
               delegate(Object obj, System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Certificate certificate, System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Chain chain, System.Net.Security.SslPolicyErrors errors)
               {
                   return true;
               };
                // 建立信任连接
                //exchangeServer.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultNetworkCredentials;
                //exchangeServer.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;
                //exchangeServer.UseDefaultCredentials = true;
                string url = string.Format("{0}/EWS/Exchange.asmx", connectionString);
                if (connectionString.IndexOf("|") > -1)
                {
                    string[] strs = connectionString.Split('|');
                    url = string.Format("{0}/EWS/Exchange.asmx", strs[0]);
                    System.Net.NetworkCredential nc = new System.Net.NetworkCredential(strs[1], strs[2], strs[3]);
                    string userEmail = SPContext.Current.Web.CurrentUser.Email;
                    if (userName.IndexOf("@") < 0) {
                        throw new Exception(SPContext.Current.Web.CurrentUser.Name+"用户未配置邮件地址.");
                    }
                    exchangeServer.Credentials = nc;
                    ExchangeImpersonationType exExchangeImpersonation = new ExchangeImpersonationType();
                    ConnectingSIDType csConnectingSid = new ConnectingSIDType();
                    csConnectingSid.Item = userEmail;
                    exExchangeImpersonation.ConnectingSID = csConnectingSid;
                    exchangeServer.ExchangeImpersonation = exExchangeImpersonation;
                }
                else
                {
                    exchangeServer.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultNetworkCredentials;
                }

                exchangeServer.Url = url;

                // 定义邮件的收件箱
                  DistinguishedFolderIdType[] folderIDArray = new DistinguishedFolderIdType[1];
                folderIDArray[0] = new DistinguishedFolderIdType();
                folderIDArray[0].Id = DistinguishedFolderIdNameType.inbox;

                FindItemType findItemRequest = new FindItemType();
                findItemRequest.Traversal = ItemQueryTraversalType.Shallow;
                ItemResponseShapeType itemProperties = new ItemResponseShapeType();
                //
                itemProperties.BaseShape = DefaultShapeNamesType.IdOnly;
                findItemRequest.ItemShape = itemProperties;
                findItemRequest.ParentFolderIds = folderIDArray;
                RestrictionType restriction = new RestrictionType();
                IsEqualToType isEqualTo = new IsEqualToType();
                PathToUnindexedFieldType pathToFieldType = new PathToUnindexedFieldType();
                pathToFieldType.FieldURI = UnindexedFieldURIType.messageIsRead;
                FieldURIOrConstantType constantType = new FieldURIOrConstantType();
                ConstantValueType constantValueType = new ConstantValueType();
                constantValueType.Value = "0";
                constantType.Item = constantValueType;
                isEqualTo.Item = pathToFieldType;
                isEqualTo.FieldURIOrConstant = constantType;
                restriction.Item = isEqualTo;
                findItemRequest.Restriction = restriction;
                //SPSecurity.RunWithElevatedPrivileges(delegate()
                //{
                // 获取邮件
                FindItemResponseType firt = exchangeServer.FindItem(findItemRequest);

                FindItemResponseMessageType folder = (FindItemResponseMessageType)firt.ResponseMessages.Items[0];
                ArrayOfRealItemsType folderContents = new ArrayOfRealItemsType();
                folderContents = (ArrayOfRealItemsType)folder.RootFolder.Item;
                ItemType[] items = folderContents.Items;
                unreadCount = items == null ? 0 : items.Length;
                //});
                return unreadCount;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw ex;            
         }

        }

    }
}
 
 
说明: 配置文件: <add key=”ExchangeContext” value=”https://mail.mailServer.com|administrator|p@ssw0rd|domain.com” />
目前我使用:exchangeServer.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultNetworkCredentials 一直抛出401 错误. 如果你成功了,不妨告诉我一下, 因为配置模拟账户和密码的确不是很好.
如果exchange服务器上面你没有配置过模拟账号,那么你将得到"该帐户无权模拟所请求的用户",这个问题困扰了很多天, 因为exchange上面的设置我不是很懂, 其实网上很多人也遇到该问题, 只是我关键字没有用对, 所以找问题关键字很重要. 如果你也遇到同样问题了,很庆幸, 这里给你答案: 
1.Open the Exchange Management Shell
2.输入: New-ManagementRoleAssignment –Name:impersonationAssignmentName –Role:ApplicationImpersonation –User:administrator 
administrator就是你要设置的模拟账号,当然你也可以设置其他.
Configuring Exchange Impersonation:http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb204095.aspx
 
如果你需要读取未读邮件的标题和内容等其他内容,itemProperties.BaseShape = DefaultShapeNamesType.IdOnly; 需要修改为:itemProperties.BaseShape = DefaultShapeNamesType.AllProperties;前者只读取了ID属性,如果你试图获取其他字段将得到一个异常.
 
code: 获取未读邮件带标题.
int unReadCount = items == null ? 0 : items.Length;

                System.Text.StringBuilder sb = new System.Text.StringBuilder();

                string linkUrl = @"<a href=""" + ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["MailServer"] + @""" title=""{0}"" target=""_blank"">{0}</a>";
                sb.Append(string.Format(linkUrl, "未读邮件:[" + unReadCount + "]封");
                sb.Append("<ul>");
                int titleLength = 0;
                int.TryParse(HttpContext.Current.Request.QueryString["tl"], out titleLength);
                if (items != null)
                {
                    foreach (ItemType curItem in items)
                    {
                        string subject = (curItem.Subject ?? "").Trim();
                        sb.Append("<li>" + string.Format(linkUrl, subject, (subject.Length > titleLength ? subject.Substring(0, titleLength) + "..." : subject)) + "</li>");
                    }
                }
                sb.Append("</ul>");
                return sb.ToString();
 
 
另:如果邮件已经从服务器中获取了, 那么获取outlook中未读邮件可用下面方法: 
using Outlook = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Outlook;
public int GetUnreadMailCount()

        {

            Outlook.Application outlook = new Outlook.ApplicationClass();

            Outlook.NameSpace ns = outlook.GetNamespace("MAPI");

            object _missing = Type.Missing;

            ns.Logon(_missing, _missing, false, true);

            Outlook.MAPIFolder inbox = ns.GetDefaultFolder(Outlook.OlDefaultFolders.olFolderInbox);

            int unread = inbox.UnReadItemCount;

            return unread;

        }
 
区别在于:一个在服务器中获取未读邮件(确切的应该叫未收邮件),一个在客户端获取未读邮件.
 

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb204095.aspx

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2015567

http://blogs.msdn.com/b/webdav_101/archive/2008/10/02/links-on-common-exchange-web-services-ews-questions.aspx

 

由于当时网上参考比较多,不能一一罗列链接.

 

posted on 2011-09-17 20:46  JoinJ  阅读(2402)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报