MS CRM 2011 如何创建一个Silverlight 程序

 

原创地址:http://www.cnblogs.com/jfzhu/archive/2013/03/05/2943711.html

转载请注明出处

 

我在以前的文章中介绍过如何安装Silverlight插件,参见MS CRM 2011 为64位Outlook安装Silverlight。今天我们来创建一个简单的Silverlight程序,该程序显示出CRM中所有的active contacts。

 

1. 创建一个Silverlight Application

image

image

 

2. 生成 WCF Data Services Client Data Service Classes

CRM –> Settings –> Customizations –> Developer Resources .

Download Organization Data Service 的 CSDL

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保存CSDL文件

 

3. 在Silverlight Application中添加 Service Reference

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顺便提一下,如果在CRM customization中,某entity的name与该entity的某个field name相同,或者entity name 与某Relationship name相同的话,添加引用都会引起编译错误,所以在定制CRM的时候要注意,避免entity name与field name或者relationship name相同。

 

4. 在Silverlight Application 项目中添加 Reference System.Xml.Linq

 

5. 添加一个新类 DataServiceContextExtensions.cs

注意修改你的namespace和类名escrmContext,namespace应与Reference.cs的namepsace相同,escrmContext也应与Reference.cs中的DataServiceContext相同。

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using System; 
using System.Linq; 
using System.Data.Services.Client; 
using System.Reflection; 
using System.Collections.Generic; 
using System.ComponentModel; 
using System.Collections.ObjectModel; 
using System.Xml.Linq;

namespace SilverlightApplication3.CrmODataService 
{ 
    partial class escrmContext 
    { 
        #region Methods 
        partial void OnContextCreated() 
        { 
            this.ReadingEntity += this.OnReadingEntity; 
            this.WritingEntity += this.OnWritingEntity; 
        } 
        #endregion

        #region Event Handlers 
        private void OnReadingEntity(object sender, ReadingWritingEntityEventArgs e) 
        { 
            ODataEntity entity = e.Entity as ODataEntity; 
            if (null == entity) 
            { 
                return; 
            }

            entity.ClearChangedProperties(); 
        }

        private void OnWritingEntity(object sender, ReadingWritingEntityEventArgs e) 
        { 
            ODataEntity entity = e.Entity as ODataEntity; 
            if (null == entity) 
            { 
                return; 
            }

            entity.RemoveUnchangedProperties(e.Data); 
            entity.ClearChangedProperties(); 
        } 
        #endregion 
    }

    public abstract class ODataEntity 
    { 
        private readonly Collection<string> ChangedProperties = new Collection<string>();

        public ODataEntity() 
        { 
            EventInfo info = this.GetType().GetEvent("PropertyChanged"); 
            if (null != info) 
            { 
                PropertyChangedEventHandler method = new PropertyChangedEventHandler(this.OnEntityPropertyChanged);

                //Ensure that the method is not attached and reattach it 
                info.RemoveEventHandler(this, method); 
                info.AddEventHandler(this, method); 
            } 
        }

        #region Methods 
        public void ClearChangedProperties() 
        { 
            this.ChangedProperties.Clear(); 
        }

        internal void RemoveUnchangedProperties(XElement element) 
        { 
            const string AtomNamespace = "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom";
            const string DataServicesNamespace = "http://schemas.microsoft.com/ado/2007/08/dataservices";
            const string DataServicesMetadataNamespace = DataServicesNamespace + "/metadata";

            if (null == element) 
            { 
                throw new ArgumentNullException("element"); 
            }

            List<XElement> properties = (from c in element.Elements(XName.Get("content", AtomNamespace) 
                                                   ).Elements(XName.Get("properties", DataServicesMetadataNamespace)).Elements() 
                                         select c).ToList();

            foreach (XElement property in properties) 
            { 
                if (!this.ChangedProperties.Contains(property.Name.LocalName)) 
                { 
                    property.Remove(); 
                } 
            } 
        }

        private void OnEntityPropertyChanged(object sender, System.ComponentModel.PropertyChangedEventArgs e) 
        { 
            if (!this.ChangedProperties.Contains(e.PropertyName)) 
            { 
                this.ChangedProperties.Add(e.PropertyName); 
            } 
        } 
        #endregion 
    } 
} 

 

6. 将Reference.cs中的“: global::System.ComponentModel.INotifyPropertyChanged”替换为“: ODataEntity, global::System.ComponentModel.INotifyPropertyChanged

 

7. 在Silverlight Application项目中添加Utilities Folder,并添加新类ServerUtility.cs

using System; 
using System.Windows.Browser;

namespace SilverlightApplication3.Utilities 
{ 
    public static class ServerUtility 
    { 
        /// <summary> 
        /// Returns the ServerUrl from Microsoft Dynamics CRM 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <returns>String representing the ServerUrl or String.Empty if not found.</returns> 
        public static String GetServerUrl() 
        { 
            String serverUrl = String.Empty;

            //Try to get the ServerUrl from the Xrm.Page object 
            serverUrl = GetServerUrlFromContext();

            return serverUrl; 
        }

        /// <summary> 
        /// Attempts to retrieve the ServerUrl from the Xrm.Page object 
        /// </summary> 
        /// <returns></returns> 
        private static String GetServerUrlFromContext() 
        { 
            try 
            { 
                // If the Silverlight is in a form, this will get the server url 
                ScriptObject xrm = (ScriptObject)HtmlPage.Window.GetProperty("Xrm"); 
                ScriptObject page = (ScriptObject)xrm.GetProperty("Page"); 
                ScriptObject pageContext = (ScriptObject)page.GetProperty("context");

                String serverUrl = (String)pageContext.Invoke("getServerUrl");

                //The trailing forward slash character from CRM Online needs to be removed. 
                if (serverUrl.EndsWith("/")) 
                { 
                    serverUrl = serverUrl.Substring(0, serverUrl.Length - 1); 
                }

                return serverUrl; 
            } 
            catch 
            { 
                return String.Empty; 
            } 
        } 
    } 
} 

 

8. 删除Silverlight Application Web项目中的.aspx文件

 

9. 删除Silverlight Application Web项目中的Silverlight.js文件

 

10. 打开Silverlight Application Web项目中的.html文件, 修改style silverlightControlHost

#silverlightControlHost
{
height: 100%;
width: 100%;
text-align: center;
}

 

删除对 Silverlight.js的引用    <script type="text/javascript" src="Silverlight.js"></script>

 

添加引用<script src="ClientGlobalContext.js.aspx" type="text/javascript"></script>

如果你上传到CRM中的web resource 的名为  new_/testpage.html,那么你的引用就为

<script src="../ClientGlobalContext.js.aspx" type="text/javascript"></script>

 

假如你要上传的html web resource为new_testpage.html,xap web resource 为 new_testsilverlight.xap,将object tag修改为

<param name="source" value="new_testsilverlight.xap"/>

 

11. 至此项目的创建工作就基本完成了

image

 

12. 下面来完成在DataGrid中显示所有的active contacts

MainPage.xaml代码如下:

<UserControl xmlns:sdk="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation/sdk"  x:Class="SilverlightApplication3.MainPage" 
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
    xmlns:local="clr-namespace:SilverlightApplication3" 
    mc:Ignorable="d" 
    d:DesignHeight="300" d:DesignWidth="400"> 
    
    <UserControl.Resources> 
        <local:YesNoValueConverter x:Key="myYesNoValueConverter"/> 
        <local:GenderCodeConverter x:Key="myGenderCodeConverter"/> 
    </UserControl.Resources>

    <Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="White"> 
        <StackPanel x:Name="MessagePanel" VerticalAlignment="Top" /> 
        <sdk:DataGrid x:Name="myDataGrid" AutoGenerateColumns="False" IsReadOnly="True" > 
            <sdk:DataGrid.Columns> 
                <sdk:DataGridTextColumn x:Name="FirstNameColumn" Header="First Name" Binding="{Binding FirstName, Mode=OneTime}" /> 
                <sdk:DataGridTextColumn x:Name="LastNameColumn" Header="Last Name" Binding="{Binding LastName, Mode=OneTime}" /> 
                <sdk:DataGridTextColumn x:Name="DoNotEmailColumn" Header="Do Not Email" Binding="{Binding DoNotEMail, Mode=OneTime, Converter={StaticResource myYesNoValueConverter}}"  /> 
                <sdk:DataGridTextColumn x:Name="ExchangeRateColumn" Header="Exchange Rate" Binding="{Binding ExchangeRate, Mode=OneTime, StringFormat=\{0:n2\}}"  /> 
                <sdk:DataGridTextColumn x:Name="BirthDateColumn" Header="Birth Date" Binding="{Binding BirthDate, Mode=OneTime, StringFormat=\{0:MM/dd/yyyy\}}"  /> 
                <sdk:DataGridTextColumn x:Name="GenderCodeColumn" Header="Gender" Binding="{Binding Path=GenderCode.Value, Mode=OneTime, Converter={StaticResource myGenderCodeConverter}}"  /> 
                <sdk:DataGridTextColumn x:Name="ParentColumn" Header="Parent Customer" Binding="{Binding Path=ParentCustomerId.Name, Mode=OneTime}" /> 
            </sdk:DataGrid.Columns> 
        </sdk:DataGrid>        
    </Grid> 
</UserControl>

 

MainPage.xaml.cs代码如下:

using System; 
using System.Data.Services.Client; 
using System.Linq; 
using System.Threading; 
using System.Windows.Controls; 
using SilverlightApplication2.CrmODataService; 
using SilverlightApplication2.Utilities; 
using System.Windows.Data;

namespace SilverlightApplication3 
{ 
    public partial class MainPage : UserControl 
    { 
        private SynchronizationContext _syncContext; 
        private escrmContext _context; 
        private String _serverUrl;

        public MainPage() 
        { 
            InitializeComponent();

            //Keeps a reference to the UI thread 
            _syncContext = SynchronizationContext.Current;

            //Get the ServerUrl (ServerUrl is formatted differently OnPremise than OnLine) 
            _serverUrl = ServerUtility.GetServerUrl();

            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(_serverUrl)) 
            {

                //Setup Context 
                _context = new escrmContext(new Uri(String.Format("{0}/xrmservices/2011/organizationdata.svc/", 
                        _serverUrl), UriKind.Absolute));

                //This is important because if the entity has new 
                //attributes added the code will fail. 
                _context.IgnoreMissingProperties = true;

                SearchContacts(); 
            } 
            else 
            { 
                //No ServerUrl was found. Display message. 
                MessagePanel.Children.Add(new TextBlock() 
                { 
                    Text = 
                        "Unable to access server url. Launch this Silverlight " + 
                        "Web Resource from a CRM Form OR host it in a valid " + 
                        "HTML Web Resource with a " + 
                        "<script src='ClientGlobalContext.js.aspx' " + 
                        "type='text/javascript'></script>" 
                }); 
            } 
        }

        private void SearchContacts() 
        { 
            DataServiceQuery<Contact> query = (DataServiceQuery<Contact>)_context.ContactSet.Where(x => x.StateCode.Value.Value == 0); 
            query.BeginExecute(OnContactSearchComplete, query); 
        }

        private void OnContactSearchComplete(IAsyncResult result) 
        { 
            try 
            { 
                //Get the original query back from the result. 
                DataServiceQuery<Contact> query = result.AsyncState as DataServiceQuery<Contact>;

                this.myDataGrid.ItemsSource = new DataServiceCollection<Contact>(query.EndExecute(result));                 
            } 
            catch (SystemException se) 
            { 
                _syncContext.Send(new SendOrPostCallback(showErrorDetails), se); 
            } 
        }

        private void showErrorDetails(object ex) 
        { 
            //Assure the control is visible 
            MessagePanel.Visibility = System.Windows.Visibility.Visible;

            Exception exception = (Exception)ex; 
            String type = exception.GetType().ToString();

            MessagePanel.Children.Add(new TextBlock() 
            { 
                Text = 
                    String.Format("{0} Message: {1}", type, exception.Message) 
            });

            MessagePanel.Children.Add(new TextBlock() 
            { 
                Text = 
                    String.Format("Stack: {0}", exception.StackTrace) 
            });

            if (exception.InnerException != null) 
            { 
                String exceptType = exception.InnerException.GetType().ToString(); 
                MessagePanel.Children.Add(new TextBlock() 
                { 
                    Text = 
                        String.Format("InnerException: {0} : {1}", exceptType, 
                        exception.InnerException.Message) 
                }); 
            } 
        } 
    }

    public class YesNoValueConverter : IValueConverter 
    { 
        public object Convert(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture) 
        { 
            bool isYes = bool.Parse(value.ToString()); 
            if (isYes) 
                return "Yes"; 
            else 
                return "No"; 
        } 
        public object ConvertBack(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture) 
        { 
            string boolText = value.ToString().ToLower(); 
            if (boolText == "yes") 
                return true; 
            else if (boolText == "no") 
                return false; 
            else 
                throw new InvalidOperationException("Please enter 'yes' or 'no'."); 
        } 
    }

    public class GenderCodeConverter : IValueConverter 
    { 
        public object Convert(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture) 
        { 
            if (value == null) 
                return ""; 
            int gendercode = int.Parse(value.ToString()); 
            if (gendercode == 1) 
                return "Male"; 
            else if (gendercode == 2) 
                return "Female"; 
            else if (gendercode == 3) 
                return "Unknown"; 
            else 
                return "null";            
        }

        public object ConvertBack(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, System.Globalization.CultureInfo culture) 
        { 
            return null; 

        } 
    } 
}

 

在上面的代码中,在DataGrid中分别显示了不同种类的field,包括Single Line Text, Two Options, decimal, OptionSet, DateTime,以及lookup。对 Two Options和OptionSet使用了Converter,当然其实对于获取GenderCode的Label应该去读取Metadata;对decimal和DateTime使用了StringFormat。

 

最后看一下效果截图:

image

 

 

总结:本文演示了如何为CRM创建一个Silverlight程序,并且如何将contact 的不同种类的field bind到DataGrid中。

 

posted @ 2013-03-05 08:44  Coding十日谈  阅读(1780)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报