# 【BZOJ】1679: [Usaco2005 Jan]Moo Volume 牛的呼声（数学）

http://www.lydsy.com/JudgeOnline/problem.php?id=1679

#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
#include <cmath>
#include <string>
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
using namespace std;
#define rep(i, n) for(int i=0; i<(n); ++i)
#define for1(i,a,n) for(int i=(a);i<=(n);++i)
#define for2(i,a,n) for(int i=(a);i<(n);++i)
#define for3(i,a,n) for(int i=(a);i>=(n);--i)
#define for4(i,a,n) for(int i=(a);i>(n);--i)
#define CC(i,a) memset(i,a,sizeof(i))
#define read(a) a=getint()
#define print(a) printf("%d", a)
#define dbg(x) cout << #x << " = " << x << endl
#define printarr(a, n, m) rep(aaa, n) { rep(bbb, m) cout << a[aaa][bbb]; cout << endl; }
inline const int getint() { int r=0, k=1; char c=getchar(); for(; c<'0'||c>'9'; c=getchar()) if(c=='-') k=-1; for(; c>='0'&&c<='9'; c=getchar()) r=r*10+c-'0'; return k*r; }
inline const int max(const int &a, const int &b) { return a>b?a:b; }
inline const int min(const int &a, const int &b) { return a<b?a:b; }
const int N=10005;
int n;
long long ans, sum[N], a[N];
int main() {
read(n);
for1(i, 1, n) scanf("%lld", &a[i]);
sort(a+1, a+1+n);
for3(i, n, 1) { sum[i]=(n-i)*(a[i+1]-a[i])+sum[i+1]; ans+=sum[i]; }
printf("%lld", ans<<1);
return 0;
}


## Description

Farmer John has received a noise complaint from his neighbor, Farmer Bob, stating that his cows are making too much noise. FJ's N cows (1 <= N <= 10,000) all graze at various locations on a long one-dimensional pasture. The cows are very chatty animals. Every pair of cows simultaneously carries on a conversation (so every cow is simultaneously MOOing at all of the N-1 other cows). When cow i MOOs at cow j, the volume of this MOO must be equal to the distance between i and j, in order for j to be able to hear the MOO at all. Please help FJ compute the total volume of sound being generated by all N*(N-1) simultaneous MOOing sessions.

约翰的邻居鲍勃控告约翰家的牛们太会叫．
约翰的N(1≤N≤10000)只牛在一维的草场上的不同地点吃着 草．她们都是些爱说闲话的奶牛，每一只同时与其他N-1只牛聊着天．一个对话的进行，需要两只牛都按照和她们间距离等大的音量吼叫，因此草场上存在着 N（N-1）/2个声音．  请计算这些音量的和．

## Input

* Line 1: N * Lines 2..N+1: The location of each cow (in the range 0..1,000,000,000).

第1行输入N，接下来输入N个整数，表示一只牛所在的位置．

## Output

* Line 1: A single integer, the total volume of all the MOOs.

一个整数，表示总音量．

## Sample Input

5
1
5
3
2
4

INPUT DETAILS:

There are five cows at locations 1, 5, 3, 2, and 4.

## Sample Output

40

OUTPUT DETAILS:

Cow at 1 contributes 1+2+3+4=10, cow at 5 contributes 4+3+2+1=10, cow at 3
contributes 2+1+1+2=6, cow at 2 contributes 1+1+2+3=7, and cow at 4
contributes 3+2+1+1=7. The total volume is (10+10+6+7+7) = 40.

## Source

posted @ 2014-09-03 05:22  iwtwiioi  阅读(386)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报