代码改变世界

利用python脚本(re)抓取美空mm图片

2017-04-13 14:30  猎手家园  阅读(1359)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报

很久没有写博客了,这段时间一直在搞风控的东西,过段时间我把风控的内容整理整理发出来大家一起研究研究。

这两天抽空写了两个python爬虫脚本,一个使用re,一个使用xpath。

直接上代码——基于re:

spider.py

# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-

import urllib.request
import re
import tool
import os
import http.cookiejar


# 抓取MOKO_MM
class Spider:
    # 页面初始化
    def __init__(self):
        self.siteURL = 'http://www.moko.cc/focus|list.action'
        self.tool = tool.Tool()

    # 获取索引页面的内容
    def getPage(self, pageIndex):
        url = self.siteURL + "?type=4&curPage=" + str(pageIndex)
        request = urllib.request.Request(url)
        response = urllib.request.urlopen(request)
        return response.read().decode('utf-8')

    # 获取索引界面所有MM的信息,list格式
    def getContents(self, pageIndex):
        page = self.getPage(pageIndex)
        pattern = re.compile(
            '<div class="subMainContent".*?<a href="(.*?)".*?subFocus-07.*?<img src="(.*?)".*?subFocus-08.*?<h1>(.*?)</h1>',
            re.S)
        items = re.findall(pattern, page)
        # item[0]   详情页链接
        # item[1]   缩略图
        # item[2]   标题
        contents = []
        for item in items:
            contents.append([item[0], item[1], item[2].replace(" ", "-").replace("|", "-").replace(".", "-").replace(":", "-")])
        return contents

    # 获取MM个人详情页面
    def getDetailPage(self, infoURL):
        def makeMyOpener(head={
            'accept-encoding': 'deflate, sdch',
            'Accept': 'text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8',
            'Accept-Language': 'zh-CN,zh;q=0.8',
            'Cookie': 'JSESSIONID=58C82905AD36B5DFA8D4F1C98A2559DC; Hm_lvt_8d82e75c6168ba4bc0135a08edae2a2e=1488505496; Hm_lpvt_8d82e75c6168ba4bc0135a08edae2a2e',
            'Referer': 'https://mm.taobao.com/687471686.htm',
            'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:51.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/51.0'
        }):
            cookie = http.cookiejar.CookieJar()
            opener = urllib.request.build_opener(urllib.request.HTTPCookieProcessor(cookie))
            header = []
            for key, value in head.items():
                elem = (key, value)
                header.append(elem)
            opener.addheaders = header
            return opener

        oper = makeMyOpener()
        uop = oper.open(infoURL)
        data = uop.read().decode('utf-8')
        return data
        # response = urllib.request.urlopen(infoURL)
        # return response.read().decode('utf-8')

    # 获取个人文字简介
    def getBrief(self, page):
        pattern = re.compile(
            '<div class="infoShow-12".*?<p align="center".*?<strong>(.*?)</strong>.*?<strong>(.*?)</strong>.*?<strong>(.*?)</strong>.*?<strong>(.*?)</strong>',
            re.S)

        items = re.findall(pattern, page)
        # item[0]   主页地址
        # item[1]   头像
        # item[2]   姓名
        contents = []
        for item in items:
            contents.append([item[0], item[1], item[2]])
        return contents

        # result = re.search(pattern, page)
        # print(result.group())
        # return self.tool.replace(result.group(1))

    # 获取页面所有图片
    def getAllImg(self, page):
        pattern = re.compile('<div class="infoShow-12">(.*?)<div class="infoShow-13">', re.S)
        # 个人信息页面所有代码
        content = re.search(pattern, page)
        # 从代码中提取图片
        patternImg = re.compile('<img.*?src="(.*?)"', re.S)
        images = re.findall(patternImg, content.group(1))
        return images

    # 保存多张写真图片
    def saveImgs(self, images, name):
        number = 1
        print(u"发现", name, u"共有", len(images), u"张照片")
        for imageURL in images:
            splitPath = imageURL.split('.')
            splitPath = splitPath
            fTail = splitPath.pop()
            if len(fTail) > 3:
                fTail = "jpg"
            fileName = name + "/" + str(number) + "." + fTail
            self.saveImg(imageURL, fileName)
            number += 1

    # 保存头像
    def saveIcon(self, iconURL, name):
        splitPath = iconURL.split('.')
        fTail = splitPath.pop()
        fileName = name + "/icon." + fTail
        self.saveImg(iconURL, fileName)

    # 保存个人简介
    def saveBrief(self, content, name):
        fileName = name + "/" + name + ".txt"
        f = open(fileName, "w+")
        print(u"正在保存信息为", fileName)
        # f.write(content.decode('utf-8'))
        f.write(content)

    # 保存图片地址页到各文件夹中
    def saveToLocal(self, Li, name):
        fileName = name + "/" + "urlPage.txt"
        print(u"正在保存图片地址页:", fileName)
        # f.write(content.decode('utf-8'))
        # pre=pre.replace("[","")
        # pre=pre.replace("]","")+"\n"
        # print (pre)
        f = open(fileName, "w")
        f.write(Li)
        f.close()

        # 追加方式写入当前爬行的名字,后续调用
        content = name + " "
        with open('url.txt', 'a') as url:
            url.write(content)
            url.close()
        print(name + u"追加完成!\n")

    # 传入图片地址,文件名,保存单张图片
    def saveImg(self, imageURL, fileName):
        try:
            u = urllib.request.urlopen(imageURL)
            data = u.read()
            f = open(fileName, 'wb')
            f.write(data)
            print(u"正在保存的一张图片为", fileName)
            f.close()
        except urllib.request.URLError as e:
            print(e.reason)

    # 创建新目录
    def mkdir(self, path):
        path = path.strip()
        # 判断路径是否存在
        # 存在     True
        # 不存在   False
        isExists = os.path.exists(path)
        # 判断结果
        if not isExists:
            # 如果不存在则创建目录
            print(u"新建了名字叫做", path, u'的文件夹')
            # 创建目录操作函数
            os.makedirs(path)
            return True
        else:
            # 如果目录存在则不创建,并提示目录已存在
            print(u"名为", path, '的文件夹已经创建成功')
            return False

    # 将一页MOKO MM的信息保存起来
    def savePageInfo(self, pageIndex):
        # 获取第一页MOKO MM列表
        contents = self.getContents(pageIndex)
        for item in contents:
            # item[0]个人详情URL,item[1]头像URL,item[2]姓名
            print(u"发现一位名叫", item[2], u"的信息")
            print(u"正在保存", item[2], "的信息")

            print(u"个人详情地址是", "http://www.moko.cc" + str(item[0]))
            # 个人详情页面的URL
            detailURL = "http://www.moko.cc" + str(item[0])
            # 得到个人详情页面代码
            detailPage = self.getDetailPage(detailURL)
            # 获取个人简介
            # brief = self.getBrief(detailPage)
            # 获取所有图片列表
            self.mkdir(item[2])
            images = self.getAllImg(detailPage)
            spider.saveImgs(images, item[2])
            # 保存个人简介
            # self.saveBrief(brief.encode('utf-8'), item[2])
            # self.saveBrief(brief, item[2])
            # 保存图片地址页到本地
            # self.saveToLocal(detailPage, item[2])
            # 保存头像
            self.saveIcon("https:" + str(item[1]), item[2])

    # 删除旧名单(如果有)
    def deleteOldTxt(self):
        filename = 'url.txt'
        if os.path.exists(filename):
            os.remove(filename)
            print("\n发现旧名单,已删除\n采集开始\n")

    # 传入起止页码,获取MM页面保存
    def savePagesInfo(self, start, end):
        for i in range(start, end + 1):
            print(u"正在寻找第", i, u"个地方")
            self.savePageInfo(i)
            # 保存图片
            # self.saveImgs(images,item[2])

    # 读取名字list
    def openNameList(self):
        with open("url.txt", "r") as f:
            for line in f:
                line = line.strip()
                # line.split(",")
                # result.append(line)
                # result.append(line.split(","))
            # \s匹配空格与tab,\s+表示至少一个
            result = re.split(r'\s+', line)
        return result

    # 逐个调取文件夹下页面中地址来保存
    def saveAll(self):
        i = spider.openNameList()
        for name in i:
            print("当前正在保存的是" + name + "的图片")
            filepath = name + "/urlPage.txt"
            with open(filepath, "r") as urlContent:
                urlContent = urlContent.read()
            images = spider.getAllImg(urlContent)
            spider.saveImgs(images, name)


# 传入起止页码即可,在此传入了6,10,表示抓取第6到10页的MM
spider = Spider()
spider.deleteOldTxt()
spider.savePagesInfo(1, 10)

tool.py

# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
import re

# 处理页面标签类
class Tool:
    # 去除img标签,1-7位空格,
    removeImg = re.compile(r'<img.*?>| {1,7}| ')
    # 删除超链接标签
    removeAddr = re.compile(r'<a.*?>|</a>')
    # 把换行的标签换为\n
    replaceLine = re.compile(r'<tr>|<div>|</div>|</p>')
    # 将表格制表<td>替换为\t
    replaceTD = re.compile(r'<td>')
    # 将换行符或双换行符替换为\n
    replaceBR = re.compile(r'<br><br>|<br>')
    # 将其余标签剔除r
    removeExtraTag = re.compile(r'<.*?>')
    # 将多行空行删除
    removeNoneLine = re.compile(r'\n+')
    # 删除
    removeSpace = re.compile(r' ')

    def replace(self, x):
        x = re.sub(self.removeImg, "", x)
        x = re.sub(self.removeAddr, "", x)
        x = re.sub(self.replaceLine, "\n", x)
        x = re.sub(self.replaceTD, "\t", x)
        x = re.sub(self.replaceBR, "\n", x)
        x = re.sub(self.removeExtraTag, "", x)
        x = re.sub(self.removeNoneLine, "\n", x)
        x = re.sub(self.removeSpace, "", x)
        # strip()将前后多余内容删除
        return x.strip()