Appium控件交互

与Web元素操作一样(参考Selenium Web元素操作),定位到APP控件元素后,可以对控件进行一系列的操作,实现与APP交互,比如点击、文本输入、元素属性获取等。

元素操作

元素常用操作方法

  • 点击方法 element.click()
  • 输入操作 element.send_keys("appium")
  • 设置元素的值 element.set_value("appium")
  • 清除操作 element.clear()

Python测试实例

安装ApiDemos-debug.apk,下载地址:https://github.com/appium/appium/blob/master/sample-code/apps/ApiDemos-debug.apk

  1. 点击Views
  2. 滑动选择并点击TextFields
  3. 输入文本“appium”
  4. 清除文本
#!/usr/bin/python3
#-*-coding:utf-8-*-
import pytest
from appium import webdriver
from appium.webdriver.common.mobileby import MobileBy

class TestLocator:
    def setup(self):
        desired_caps = {}
        desired_caps['platformName'] = 'Android'
        desired_caps['platformVersion'] = '6.0.1'
        desired_caps['deviceName'] = '127.0.0.1:7555'
        desired_caps['appPackage'] = 'io.appium.android.apis'
        desired_caps['appActivity'] = '.ApiDemos'
        desired_caps['automationName'] = 'Uiautomator2'
        desired_caps['newCommandTimeout'] = 3000
        desired_caps['noReset'] = True
        desired_caps['dontStopAppOnReset'] = True
        desired_caps['skipDeviceInitialization'] = True
        desired_caps['unicodeKeyboard'] = True
        desired_caps['resetKeybBoard'] = True
        self.driver = webdriver.Remote('http://127.0.0.1:4723/wd/hub', desired_caps)
        self.driver.implicitly_wait(5)

    def teardown_method(self):
        self.driver.quit()

    def test_locator(self):
        self.driver.find_element_by_xpath('//*[@text="Views"]').click()
        self.driver.find_element_by_android_uiautomator(
            'new UiScrollable(new UiSelector().scrollable(true).instance(0)).scrollIntoView(new UiSelector().text("TextFields").instance(0));').click()
        elem = self.driver.find_element(MobileBy.ID, "io.appium.android.apis:id/edit")
        elem.send_keys("appium")
        elem.clear()

元素属性

  • 获取属性值:get_attribute(name)
  • 获取元素文本:element.text
  • 获取元素坐标:element.location
  • 获取元素尺寸(高和宽): element.size
  • 是否可见 element.is_displayed 返回True/False
  • 是否可用 element.is_enabled 返回True/False
  • 是否被选中 element.is_selected 返回True/False

get_attribute()方法

get_attribute()方法能获取的属性,元素的属性几乎都能获取到。属性名称和uiautomatorviewer里面的一致。

字符串类型:

  • text:返回 text
  • resource-id:返回 resource-id, API=>18
  • class:返回 class, API=>18
  • content-desc:返回 content-desc属性
  • bounds

布尔类型:

  • checkable
  • checked
  • clickable
  • enabled
  • focusable
  • focused
  • scrollable
  • long-clickable
  • password
  • selected
  • displayed

注意:有些属性展示在 uiautomatorviewer里,但是不能通过get_attribute获取,比如: index。

属性获取实例

获取“App”的属性值

from appium import webdriver
from appium.webdriver.common.mobileby import MobileBy

class TestGetAttribute:
    def setup(self):
        desired_caps = {}
        desired_caps['platformName'] = 'Android'
        desired_caps['platformVersion'] = '6.0.1'
        desired_caps['deviceName'] = '127.0.0.1:7555'
        desired_caps['appPackage'] = 'io.appium.android.apis'
        desired_caps['appActivity'] = '.ApiDemos'
        desired_caps['automationName'] = 'Uiautomator2'
        desired_caps['newCommandTimeout'] = 3000
        desired_caps['noReset'] = True
        desired_caps['dontStopAppOnReset'] = True
        desired_caps['skipDeviceInitialization'] = True
        desired_caps['unicodeKeyboard'] = True
        desired_caps['resetKeybBoard'] = True
        self.driver = webdriver.Remote('http://127.0.0.1:4723/wd/hub', desired_caps)
        self.driver.implicitly_wait(5)

    def teardown_method(self):        
        self.driver.quit()

    def test_get_attribute(self):
        elem = self.driver.find_element_by_xpath('//*[@text="App"]')
        print("text:" + elem.get_attribute("text"))
        print("resource-id:" + elem.get_attribute("resource-id"))
        print("class:" + elem.get_attribute("class"))
        print("package:" + elem.get_attribute("package"))
        print("content-desc:" + elem.get_attribute("content-desc"))
        print("bounds:" + elem.get_attribute("bounds"))
        print("checkable:" + elem.get_attribute("checkable"))
        print("checked:" + elem.get_attribute("checked"))
        print("clickable:" + elem.get_attribute("clickable"))
        print("enabled:" + elem.get_attribute("enabled"))
        print("password:" + elem.get_attribute("password"))
        print("displayed:" + elem.get_attribute("displayed"))
        print("######################")
        print("text:" + elem.text)
        print(elem.location)
        print(elem.size)
        print(elem.is_displayed)
        print(elem.is_enabled)
        print(elem.is_selected)

执行结果:

text:App
resource-id:android:id/text1
class:android.widget.TextView
package:io.appium.android.apis
content-desc:App
bounds:[0,342][720,414]
checkable:false
checked:false
clickable:true
enabled:true
password:false
displayed:true
######################
text:App
{'x': 0, 'y': 342}
{'height': 72, 'width': 720}
<bound method WebElement.is_displayed of <appium.webdriver.webelement.WebElement (session="cceeee8f-ad89-4d00-ab4f-25b57de58ea5", element="a1443341-aad8-4814-8f9b-27ada3fe6f50")>>
<bound method WebElement.is_enabled of <appium.webdriver.webelement.WebElement (session="cceeee8f-ad89-4d00-ab4f-25b57de58ea5", element="a1443341-aad8-4814-8f9b-27ada3fe6f50")>>
<bound method WebElement.is_selected of <appium.webdriver.webelement.WebElement (session="cceeee8f-ad89-4d00-ab4f-25b57de58ea5", element="a1443341-aad8-4814-8f9b-27ada3fe6f50")>>
--THE END--

文章标题:Appium控件交互
本文作者:hiyo
本文链接:https://www.cnblogs.com/hiyong/p/14163318.html
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posted @ 2021-01-20 21:50  测试开发小记  阅读(203)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报