系统调用(二): 分析KiFastCallEntry(一)

首先要说几个结构

_KTRAP_FRAME

kd> dt _KTRAP_FRAME
nt!_KTRAP_FRAME
   +0x000 DbgEbp           : Uint4B
   +0x004 DbgEip           : Uint4B
   +0x008 DbgArgMark       : Uint4B
   +0x00c DbgArgPointer    : Uint4B
   +0x010 TempSegCs        : Uint4B
   +0x014 TempEsp          : Uint4B
   +0x018 Dr0              : Uint4B
   +0x01c Dr1              : Uint4B
   +0x020 Dr2              : Uint4B
   +0x024 Dr3              : Uint4B
   +0x028 Dr6              : Uint4B
   +0x02c Dr7              : Uint4B
   +0x030 SegGs            : Uint4B
   +0x034 SegEs            : Uint4B
   +0x038 SegDs            : Uint4B
   +0x03c Edx              : Uint4B
   +0x040 Ecx              : Uint4B
   +0x044 Eax              : Uint4B
   +0x048 PreviousPreviousMode : Uint4B
   +0x04c ExceptionList    : Ptr32 _EXCEPTION_REGISTRATION_RECORD
   +0x050 SegFs            : Uint4B
   +0x054 Edi              : Uint4B
   +0x058 Esi              : Uint4B
   +0x05c Ebx              : Uint4B
   +0x060 Ebp              : Uint4B
   +0x064 ErrCode          : Uint4B
   +0x068 Eip              : Uint4B
   +0x06c SegCs            : Uint4B
   +0x070 EFlags           : Uint4B
   +0x074 HardwareEsp      : Uint4B
   +0x078 HardwareSegSs    : Uint4B
   +0x07c V86Es            : Uint4B
   +0x080 V86Ds            : Uint4B
   +0x084 V86Fs            : Uint4B
   +0x088 V86Gs            : Uint4B

_KPCR

kd> dt _KPCR
nt!_KPCR
   +0x000 NtTib            : _NT_TIB
   +0x01c SelfPcr          : Ptr32 _KPCR
   +0x020 Prcb             : Ptr32 _KPRCB
   +0x024 Irql             : UChar
   +0x028 IRR              : Uint4B
   +0x02c IrrActive        : Uint4B
   +0x030 IDR              : Uint4B
   +0x034 KdVersionBlock   : Ptr32 Void
   +0x038 IDT              : Ptr32 _KIDTENTRY
   +0x03c GDT              : Ptr32 _KGDTENTRY
   +0x040 TSS              : Ptr32 _KTSS
   +0x044 MajorVersion     : Uint2B
   +0x046 MinorVersion     : Uint2B
   +0x048 SetMember        : Uint4B
   +0x04c StallScaleFactor : Uint4B
   +0x050 DebugActive      : UChar
   +0x051 Number           : UChar
   +0x052 Spare0           : UChar
   +0x053 SecondLevelCacheAssociativity : UChar
   +0x054 VdmAlert         : Uint4B
   +0x058 KernelReserved   : [14] Uint4B
   +0x090 SecondLevelCacheSize : Uint4B
   +0x094 HalReserved      : [16] Uint4B
   +0x0d4 InterruptMode    : Uint4B
   +0x0d8 Spare1           : UChar
   +0x0dc KernelReserved2  : [17] Uint4B
   +0x120 PrcbData         : _KPRCB

_NT_TIB

kd> dt _NT_TIB
nt!_NT_TIB
   +0x000 ExceptionList    : Ptr32 _EXCEPTION_REGISTRATION_RECORD
   +0x004 StackBase        : Ptr32 Void
   +0x008 StackLimit       : Ptr32 Void
   +0x00c SubSystemTib     : Ptr32 Void
   +0x010 FiberData        : Ptr32 Void
   +0x010 Version          : Uint4B
   +0x014 ArbitraryUserPointer : Ptr32 Void
   +0x018 Self             : Ptr32 _NT_TIB

_KPRCB

kd> dt _KPRCB
nt!_KPRCB
   +0x000 MinorVersion     : Uint2B
   +0x002 MajorVersion     : Uint2B
   +0x004 CurrentThread    : Ptr32 _KTHREAD
   +0x008 NextThread       : Ptr32 _KTHREAD
   +0x00c IdleThread       : Ptr32 _KTHREAD
   +0x010 Number           : Char
   +0x011 Reserved         : Char
   +0x012 BuildType        : Uint2B
   +0x014 SetMember        : Uint4B
   +0x018 CpuType          : Char
   +0x019 CpuID            : Char
   +0x01a CpuStep          : Uint2B
   +0x01c ProcessorState   : _KPROCESSOR_STATE
   +0x33c KernelReserved   : [16] Uint4B
   +0x37c HalReserved      : [16] Uint4B
   +0x3bc PrcbPad0         : [92] UChar
   +0x418 LockQueue        : [16] _KSPIN_LOCK_QUEUE
   +0x498 PrcbPad1         : [8] UChar
   +0x4a0 NpxThread        : Ptr32 _KTHREAD
   +0x4a4 InterruptCount   : Uint4B
   +0x4a8 KernelTime       : Uint4B
   +0x4ac UserTime         : Uint4B
   +0x4b0 DpcTime          : Uint4B
   +0x4b4 DebugDpcTime     : Uint4B
   +0x4b8 InterruptTime    : Uint4B
   +0x4bc AdjustDpcThreshold : Uint4B
   +0x4c0 PageColor        : Uint4B
   +0x4c4 SkipTick         : Uint4B
   +0x4c8 MultiThreadSetBusy : UChar
   +0x4c9 Spare2           : [3] UChar
   +0x4cc ParentNode       : Ptr32 _KNODE
   +0x4d0 MultiThreadProcessorSet : Uint4B
   +0x4d4 MultiThreadSetMaster : Ptr32 _KPRCB
   +0x4d8 ThreadStartCount : [2] Uint4B
   +0x4e0 CcFastReadNoWait : Uint4B
   +0x4e4 CcFastReadWait   : Uint4B
   +0x4e8 CcFastReadNotPossible : Uint4B
   +0x4ec CcCopyReadNoWait : Uint4B
   +0x4f0 CcCopyReadWait   : Uint4B
   +0x4f4 CcCopyReadNoWaitMiss : Uint4B
   +0x4f8 KeAlignmentFixupCount : Uint4B
   +0x4fc KeContextSwitches : Uint4B
   +0x500 KeDcacheFlushCount : Uint4B
   +0x504 KeExceptionDispatchCount : Uint4B
   +0x508 KeFirstLevelTbFills : Uint4B
   +0x50c KeFloatingEmulationCount : Uint4B
   +0x510 KeIcacheFlushCount : Uint4B
   +0x514 KeSecondLevelTbFills : Uint4B
   +0x518 KeSystemCalls    : Uint4B
   +0x51c SpareCounter0    : [1] Uint4B
   +0x520 PPLookasideList  : [16] _PP_LOOKASIDE_LIST
   +0x5a0 PPNPagedLookasideList : [32] _PP_LOOKASIDE_LIST
   +0x6a0 PPPagedLookasideList : [32] _PP_LOOKASIDE_LIST
   +0x7a0 PacketBarrier    : Uint4B
   +0x7a4 ReverseStall     : Uint4B
   +0x7a8 IpiFrame         : Ptr32 Void
   +0x7ac PrcbPad2         : [52] UChar
   +0x7e0 CurrentPacket    : [3] Ptr32 Void
   +0x7ec TargetSet        : Uint4B
   +0x7f0 WorkerRoutine    : Ptr32     void 
   +0x7f4 IpiFrozen        : Uint4B
   +0x7f8 PrcbPad3         : [40] UChar
   +0x820 RequestSummary   : Uint4B
   +0x824 SignalDone       : Ptr32 _KPRCB
   +0x828 PrcbPad4         : [56] UChar
   +0x860 DpcListHead      : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x868 DpcStack         : Ptr32 Void
   +0x86c DpcCount         : Uint4B
   +0x870 DpcQueueDepth    : Uint4B
   +0x874 DpcRoutineActive : Uint4B
   +0x878 DpcInterruptRequested : Uint4B
   +0x87c DpcLastCount     : Uint4B
   +0x880 DpcRequestRate   : Uint4B
   +0x884 MaximumDpcQueueDepth : Uint4B
   +0x888 MinimumDpcRate   : Uint4B
   +0x88c QuantumEnd       : Uint4B
   +0x890 PrcbPad5         : [16] UChar
   +0x8a0 DpcLock          : Uint4B
   +0x8a4 PrcbPad6         : [28] UChar
   +0x8c0 CallDpc          : _KDPC
   +0x8e0 ChainedInterruptList : Ptr32 Void
   +0x8e4 LookasideIrpFloat : Int4B
   +0x8e8 SpareFields0     : [6] Uint4B
   +0x900 VendorString     : [13] UChar
   +0x90d InitialApicId    : UChar
   +0x90e LogicalProcessorsPerPhysicalProcessor : UChar
   +0x910 MHz              : Uint4B
   +0x914 FeatureBits      : Uint4B
   +0x918 UpdateSignature  : _LARGE_INTEGER
   +0x920 NpxSaveArea      : _FX_SAVE_AREA
   +0xb30 PowerState       : _PROCESSOR_POWER_STATE

_ETHREAD

kd> dt _ETHREAD
nt!_ETHREAD
   +0x000 Tcb              : _KTHREAD
   +0x1c0 CreateTime       : _LARGE_INTEGER
   +0x1c0 NestedFaultCount : Pos 0, 2 Bits
   +0x1c0 ApcNeeded        : Pos 2, 1 Bit
   +0x1c8 ExitTime         : _LARGE_INTEGER
   +0x1c8 LpcReplyChain    : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x1c8 KeyedWaitChain   : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x1d0 ExitStatus       : Int4B
   +0x1d0 OfsChain         : Ptr32 Void
   +0x1d4 PostBlockList    : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x1dc TerminationPort  : Ptr32 _TERMINATION_PORT
   +0x1dc ReaperLink       : Ptr32 _ETHREAD
   +0x1dc KeyedWaitValue   : Ptr32 Void
   +0x1e0 ActiveTimerListLock : Uint4B
   +0x1e4 ActiveTimerListHead : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x1ec Cid              : _CLIENT_ID
   +0x1f4 LpcReplySemaphore : _KSEMAPHORE
   +0x1f4 KeyedWaitSemaphore : _KSEMAPHORE
   +0x208 LpcReplyMessage  : Ptr32 Void
   +0x208 LpcWaitingOnPort : Ptr32 Void
   +0x20c ImpersonationInfo : Ptr32 _PS_IMPERSONATION_INFORMATION
   +0x210 IrpList          : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x218 TopLevelIrp      : Uint4B
   +0x21c DeviceToVerify   : Ptr32 _DEVICE_OBJECT
   +0x220 ThreadsProcess   : Ptr32 _EPROCESS
   +0x224 StartAddress     : Ptr32 Void
   +0x228 Win32StartAddress : Ptr32 Void
   +0x228 LpcReceivedMessageId : Uint4B
   +0x22c ThreadListEntry  : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x234 RundownProtect   : _EX_RUNDOWN_REF
   +0x238 ThreadLock       : _EX_PUSH_LOCK
   +0x23c LpcReplyMessageId : Uint4B
   +0x240 ReadClusterSize  : Uint4B
   +0x244 GrantedAccess    : Uint4B
   +0x248 CrossThreadFlags : Uint4B
   +0x248 Terminated       : Pos 0, 1 Bit
   +0x248 DeadThread       : Pos 1, 1 Bit
   +0x248 HideFromDebugger : Pos 2, 1 Bit
   +0x248 ActiveImpersonationInfo : Pos 3, 1 Bit
   +0x248 SystemThread     : Pos 4, 1 Bit
   +0x248 HardErrorsAreDisabled : Pos 5, 1 Bit
   +0x248 BreakOnTermination : Pos 6, 1 Bit
   +0x248 SkipCreationMsg  : Pos 7, 1 Bit
   +0x248 SkipTerminationMsg : Pos 8, 1 Bit
   +0x24c SameThreadPassiveFlags : Uint4B
   +0x24c ActiveExWorker   : Pos 0, 1 Bit
   +0x24c ExWorkerCanWaitUser : Pos 1, 1 Bit
   +0x24c MemoryMaker      : Pos 2, 1 Bit
   +0x250 SameThreadApcFlags : Uint4B
   +0x250 LpcReceivedMsgIdValid : Pos 0, 1 Bit
   +0x250 LpcExitThreadCalled : Pos 1, 1 Bit
   +0x250 AddressSpaceOwner : Pos 2, 1 Bit
   +0x254 ForwardClusterOnly : UChar
   +0x255 DisablePageFaultClustering : UChar

_KTHREAD

kd> dt _KTHREAD
nt!_KTHREAD
   +0x000 Header           : _DISPATCHER_HEADER
   +0x010 MutantListHead   : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x018 InitialStack     : Ptr32 Void
   +0x01c StackLimit       : Ptr32 Void
   +0x020 Teb              : Ptr32 Void
   +0x024 TlsArray         : Ptr32 Void
   +0x028 KernelStack      : Ptr32 Void
   +0x02c DebugActive      : UChar
   +0x02d State            : UChar
   +0x02e Alerted          : [2] UChar
   +0x030 Iopl             : UChar
   +0x031 NpxState         : UChar
   +0x032 Saturation       : Char
   +0x033 Priority         : Char
   +0x034 ApcState         : _KAPC_STATE
   +0x04c ContextSwitches  : Uint4B
   +0x050 IdleSwapBlock    : UChar
   +0x051 Spare0           : [3] UChar
   +0x054 WaitStatus       : Int4B
   +0x058 WaitIrql         : UChar
   +0x059 WaitMode         : Char
   +0x05a WaitNext         : UChar
   +0x05b WaitReason       : UChar
   +0x05c WaitBlockList    : Ptr32 _KWAIT_BLOCK
   +0x060 WaitListEntry    : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x060 SwapListEntry    : _SINGLE_LIST_ENTRY
   +0x068 WaitTime         : Uint4B
   +0x06c BasePriority     : Char
   +0x06d DecrementCount   : UChar
   +0x06e PriorityDecrement : Char
   +0x06f Quantum          : Char
   +0x070 WaitBlock        : [4] _KWAIT_BLOCK
   +0x0d0 LegoData         : Ptr32 Void
   +0x0d4 KernelApcDisable : Uint4B
   +0x0d8 UserAffinity     : Uint4B
   +0x0dc SystemAffinityActive : UChar
   +0x0dd PowerState       : UChar
   +0x0de NpxIrql          : UChar
   +0x0df InitialNode      : UChar
   +0x0e0 ServiceTable     : Ptr32 Void
   +0x0e4 Queue            : Ptr32 _KQUEUE
   +0x0e8 ApcQueueLock     : Uint4B
   +0x0f0 Timer            : _KTIMER
   +0x118 QueueListEntry   : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x120 SoftAffinity     : Uint4B
   +0x124 Affinity         : Uint4B
   +0x128 Preempted        : UChar
   +0x129 ProcessReadyQueue : UChar
   +0x12a KernelStackResident : UChar
   +0x12b NextProcessor    : UChar
   +0x12c CallbackStack    : Ptr32 Void
   +0x130 Win32Thread      : Ptr32 Void
   +0x134 TrapFrame        : Ptr32 _KTRAP_FRAME
   +0x138 ApcStatePointer  : [2] Ptr32 _KAPC_STATE
   +0x140 PreviousMode     : Char
   +0x141 EnableStackSwap  : UChar
   +0x142 LargeStack       : UChar
   +0x143 ResourceIndex    : UChar
   +0x144 KernelTime       : Uint4B
   +0x148 UserTime         : Uint4B
   +0x14c SavedApcState    : _KAPC_STATE
   +0x164 Alertable        : UChar
   +0x165 ApcStateIndex    : UChar
   +0x166 ApcQueueable     : UChar
   +0x167 AutoAlignment    : UChar
   +0x168 StackBase        : Ptr32 Void
   +0x16c SuspendApc       : _KAPC
   +0x19c SuspendSemaphore : _KSEMAPHORE
   +0x1b0 ThreadListEntry  : _LIST_ENTRY
   +0x1b8 FreezeCount      : Char
   +0x1b9 SuspendCount     : Char
   +0x1ba IdealProcessor   : UChar
   +0x1bb DisableBoost     : UChar

KiSystemService 和 KiFastCallEntry最后都是使用KiFastCallEntry来分发的,只是在对于_KTRAP_FRAME的填充有些不同

分析KiFastCallEntry

.text:004076F0 _KiFastCallEntry proc near              ; DATA XREF: _KiTrap01+6F↓o
.text:004076F0                                         ; KiLoadFastSyscallMachineSpecificRegisters(x)+24↓o
.text:004076F0
.text:004076F0 var_B           = byte ptr -0Bh
.text:004076F0
.text:004076F0 ; FUNCTION CHUNK AT .text:004076C8 SIZE 00000023 BYTES
.text:004076F0 ; FUNCTION CHUNK AT .text:00407990 SIZE 00000014 BYTES
.text:004076F0
.text:004076F0                 mov     ecx, 23h
.text:004076F5                 push    30h
.text:004076F7                 pop     fs
.text:004076F9                 mov     ds, ecx
.text:004076FB                 mov     es, ecx         ; fs:30 ffc093df`f0000001
.text:004076FB                                         ; ds:23 00cff300`0000ffff
.text:004076FB                                         ; es:23
.text:004076FD                 mov     ecx, ds:0FFDFF040h ; 0FFDFF000h为_KPCR
.text:004076FD                                         ; 0FFDFF040h为TSS
.text:00407703                 mov     esp, [ecx+4]    ; 切换0环堆栈
.text:00407703                                         ; 指向_KTRAP_FRAME->V86Es
.text:00407706                 push    23h             ; HardwareSegSs
.text:00407708                 push    edx             ; HardwareEsp edx为三环栈顶
.text:00407709                 pushf                   ; EFlags
.text:0040770A
.text:0040770A loc_40770A:                             ; CODE XREF: _KiFastCallEntry2+22↑j
.text:0040770A                 push    2
.text:0040770C                 add     edx, 8          ; edx指向三环参数(所以上一篇说要注意栈结构)
.text:0040770F                 popf                    ; EFlags=0x2
.text:00407710                 or      [esp+0Ch+var_B], 2 ; 令三环EFlags的IF位为1
.text:00407715                 push    1Bh             ; SegCs
.text:00407717                 push    dword ptr ds:0FFDF0304h ; 0FFDF0000h为_KUSER_SHARED_DATA
.text:00407717                                         ; 0FFDF0304h为SystemCallReturn
.text:00407717                                         ; Eip=SystemCallReturn
.text:0040771D                 push    0               ; ErrCode
.text:0040771F                 push    ebp
.text:00407720                 push    ebx
.text:00407721                 push    esi
.text:00407722                 push    edi             ; ebp-edi保存环境
.text:00407723                 mov     ebx, ds:0FFDFF01Ch ; _KPCR->SelfPcr
.text:00407723                                         ; 令ebx指向_KPCR
.text:00407729                 push    3Bh             ; SegFs
.text:0040772B                 mov     esi, [ebx+124h] ; esi为_KPRCB->CurrentThread(_KTHREAD)
.text:00407731                 push    dword ptr [ebx] ; ExceptionList
.text:00407731                                         ; ebx _NT_TIB->ExceptionList
.text:00407733                 mov     dword ptr [ebx], 0FFFFFFFFh ; 令当前ExceptionList为-1
.text:00407739                 mov     ebp, [esi+18h]  ; ebp为_KTHREAD->InitialStack
.text:0040773C                 push    1               ; PreviousPreviousMode为1
.text:0040773E                 sub     esp, 48h        ; esp指向_KTRAP_FRAME
.text:00407741                 sub     ebp, 29Ch
.text:00407747                 mov     byte ptr [esi+140h], 1 ; _KTHREAD->PreviousMode=1
.text:0040774E                 cmp     ebp, esp
.text:00407750                 jnz     loc_4076C8      ; 如果ebp!=esp,跳转到异常处理
.text:00407750                                         ; ebp=esp指向_KTRAP_FRAME
.text:00407756                 and     dword ptr [ebp+2Ch], 0 ; Dr7=0
.text:0040775A                 test    byte ptr [esi+2Ch], 0FFh ; DebugActive,判断是否调试
.text:0040775E                 mov     [esi+134h], ebp ; _KTHREAD->TrapFrame=_KTRAP_FRAME
.text:00407764                 jnz     Dr_FastCallDrSave ; 调试情况下转到调试模式
.text:0040776A
.text:0040776A loc_40776A:                             ; CODE XREF: Dr_FastCallDrSave+10↑j
.text:0040776A                                         ; Dr_FastCallDrSave+7C↑j
.text:0040776A                 mov     ebx, [ebp+60h]  ; ebx=_KTRAP_FRAME->Ebp
.text:0040776D                 mov     edi, [ebp+68h]  ; edi=_KTRAP_FRAME->Eip
.text:00407770                 mov     [ebp+0Ch], edx  ; _KTRAP_FRAME->DbgArgPointer指向三环参数
.text:00407773                 mov     dword ptr [ebp+8], 0BADB0D00h ; _KTRAP_FRAME->DbgArgMark=0BADB0D00h
.text:0040777A                 mov     [ebp+0], ebx    ; _KTRAP_FRAME->DbgEbp=_KTRAP_FRAME->Ebp
.text:0040777D                 mov     [ebp+4], edi    ; _KTRAP_FRAME->DbgEip=_KTRAP_FRAME->Eip
.text:00407780                 sti

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posted @ 2021-01-04 21:58  Harmonica11  阅读(199)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报