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[LeetCode] 350. Intersection of Two Arrays II 两个数组相交之二

 

Given two arrays, write a function to compute their intersection.

Example 1:

Input: nums1 = [1,2,2,1], nums2 = [2,2]
Output: [2,2]

Example 2:

Input: nums1 = [4,9,5], nums2 = [9,4,9,8,4]
Output: [4,9]

Note:

  • Each element in the result should appear as many times as it shows in both arrays.
  • The result can be in any order.

Follow up:

  • What if the given array is already sorted? How would you optimize your algorithm?
  • What if nums1's size is small compared to nums2's size? Which algorithm is better?
  • What if elements of nums2 are stored on disk, and the memory is limited such that you cannot load all elements into the memory at once?
 
 
这道题是之前那道 Intersection of Two Arrays 的拓展,不同之处在于这道题允许返回重复的数字,而且是尽可能多的返回,之前那道题是说有重复的数字只返回一个就行。那么这道题用 HashMap 来建立 nums1 中字符和其出现个数之间的映射, 然后遍历 nums2 数组,如果当前字符在 HashMap 中的个数大于0,则将此字符加入结果 res 中,然后 HashMap 的对应值自减1,参见代码如下:

 

解法一:

class Solution {
public:
    vector<int> intersect(vector<int>& nums1, vector<int>& nums2) {
        unordered_map<int, int> m;
        vector<int> res;
        for (auto a : nums1) ++m[a];
        for (auto a : nums2) {
            if (m[a]-- > 0) res.push_back(a);
        }
        return res;
    }
};

 

再来看一种方法,这种方法先给两个数组排序,然后用两个指针分别指向两个数组的起始位置,如果两个指针指的数字相等,则存入结果中,两个指针均自增1,如果第一个指针指的数字大,则第二个指针自增1,反之亦然,参见代码如下:

 

解法二:

class Solution {
public:
    vector<int> intersect(vector<int>& nums1, vector<int>& nums2) {
        vector<int> res;
        int i = 0, j = 0;
        sort(nums1.begin(), nums1.end());
        sort(nums2.begin(), nums2.end());
        while (i < nums1.size() && j < nums2.size()) {
            if (nums1[i] == nums2[j]) {
                res.push_back(nums1[i]);
                ++i; ++j;
            } else if (nums1[i] > nums2[j]) {
                ++j;
            } else {
                ++i;
            }
        }
        return res;
    }
};

 

Github 同步地址:

https://github.com/grandyang/leetcode/issues/350

 

类似题目:

Intersection of Two Arrays

Find Common Characters

 

参考资料:

https://leetcode.com/problems/intersection-of-two-arrays-ii/

https://leetcode.com/problems/intersection-of-two-arrays-ii/discuss/82269/Short-Python-C%2B%2B

https://leetcode.com/problems/intersection-of-two-arrays-ii/discuss/82241/AC-solution-using-Java-HashMap

https://leetcode.com/problems/intersection-of-two-arrays-ii/discuss/82263/C%2B%2B-hash-table-solution-and-sort-%2B-two-pointers-solution-with-time-and-space-complexity

 

LeetCode All in One 题目讲解汇总(持续更新中...) 

posted @ 2016-05-27 06:21  Grandyang  阅读(16338)  评论(10编辑  收藏
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