# [LeetCode] 239. Sliding Window Maximum 滑动窗口最大值

Given an array nums, there is a sliding window of size k which is moving from the very left of the array to the very right. You can only see the k numbers in the window. Each time the sliding window moves right by one position. Return the max sliding window.

Example:

Input: nums = [1,3,-1,-3,5,3,6,7], and k = 3
Output: [3,3,5,5,6,7]
Explanation:

Window position                Max
---------------               -----
[1  3  -1] -3  5  3  6  7       3
1 [3  -1  -3] 5  3  6  7       3
1  3 [-1  -3  5] 3  6  7       5
1  3  -1 [-3  5  3] 6  7       5
1  3  -1  -3 [5  3  6] 7       6
1  3  -1  -3  5 [3  6  7]      7


Note:
You may assume k is always valid, 1 ≤ k ≤ input array's size for non-empty array.

Could you solve it in linear time?

Hint:

1. How about using a data structure such as deque (double-ended queue)?
2. The queue size need not be the same as the window’s size.
3. Remove redundant elements and the queue should store only elements that need to be considered.

class Solution {
public:
vector<int> maxSlidingWindow(vector<int>& nums, int k) {
vector<int> res;
multiset<int> st;
for (int i = 0; i < nums.size(); ++i) {
if (i >= k) st.erase(st.find(nums[i - k]));
st.insert(nums[i]);
if (i >= k - 1) res.push_back(*st.rbegin());
}
return res;
}
};

class Solution {
public:
vector<int> maxSlidingWindow(vector<int>& nums, int k) {
vector<int> res;
priority_queue<pair<int, int>> q;
for (int i = 0; i < nums.size(); ++i) {
while (!q.empty() && q.top().second <= i - k) q.pop();
q.push({nums[i], i});
if (i >= k - 1) res.push_back(q.top().first);
}
return res;
}
};

class Solution {
public:
vector<int> maxSlidingWindow(vector<int>& nums, int k) {
vector<int> res;
deque<int> q;
for (int i = 0; i < nums.size(); ++i) {
if (!q.empty() && q.front() == i - k) q.pop_front();
while (!q.empty() && nums[q.back()] < nums[i]) q.pop_back();
q.push_back(i);
if (i >= k - 1) res.push_back(nums[q.front()]);
}
return res;
}
};

Minimum Window Subsequence

Min Stack

Longest Substring with At Most Two Distinct Characters

Paint House II

https://leetcode.com/problems/sliding-window-maximum/

https://leetcode.com/problems/sliding-window-maximum/discuss/65936/My-Java-Solution-Using-PriorityQueue

https://leetcode.com/problems/sliding-window-maximum/discuss/65884/Java-O(n)-solution-using-deque-with-explanation

LeetCode All in One 题目讲解汇总(持续更新中...)

posted @ 2015-07-18 12:09  Grandyang  阅读(36136)  评论(5编辑  收藏  举报