# [LeetCode] 48. Rotate Image 旋转图像

You are given an n x n 2D matrix representing an image.

Rotate the image by 90 degrees (clockwise).

Note:

You have to rotate the image in-place, which means you have to modify the input 2D matrix directly. DO NOT allocate another 2D matrix and do the rotation.

Example 1:

Given input matrix =
[
[1,2,3],
[4,5,6],
[7,8,9]
],

rotate the input matrix in-place such that it becomes:
[
[7,4,1],
[8,5,2],
[9,6,3]
]


Example 2:

Given input matrix =
[
[ 5, 1, 9,11],
[ 2, 4, 8,10],
[13, 3, 6, 7],
[15,14,12,16]
],

rotate the input matrix in-place such that it becomes:
[
[15,13, 2, 5],
[14, 3, 4, 1],
[12, 6, 8, 9],
[16, 7,10,11]
]

1  2  3　　　 　　 7  4  1

4  5  6　　-->　　 8  5  2

7  8  9 　　　 　　9  6  3

(i, j)  <-  (n-1-j, i)  <-  (n-1-i, n-1-j)  <-  (j, n-1-i)

1  2  3               7  2  1            7  4  1

4  5  6      -->      4  5  6　　 -->  　 8  5  2

7  8  9               9  8  3　　　　   　 9  6  3

class Solution {
public:
void rotate(vector<vector<int>>& matrix) {
int n = matrix.size();
for (int i = 0; i < n / 2; ++i) {
for (int j = i; j < n - 1 - i; ++j) {
int tmp = matrix[i][j];
matrix[i][j] = matrix[n - 1 - j][i];
matrix[n - 1 - j][i] = matrix[n - 1 - i][n - 1 - j];
matrix[n - 1 - i][n - 1 - j] = matrix[j][n - 1 - i];
matrix[j][n - 1 - i] = tmp;
}
}
}
};

1  2  3　　　 　　 9  6  3　　　　　     7  4  1

4  5  6　　-->　　 8  5  2　　 -->   　 8  5  2

7  8  9 　　　 　　7  4  1　　　　　     9  6  3

class Solution {
public:
void rotate(vector<vector<int>>& matrix) {
int n = matrix.size();
for (int i = 0; i < n - 1; ++i) {
for (int j = 0; j < n - i; ++j) {
swap(matrix[i][j], matrix[n - 1- j][n - 1 - i]);
}
}
reverse(matrix.begin(), matrix.end());
}
};

1  2  3　　　 　　 1  4  7　　　　　     7  4  1

4  5  6　　-->　　 2  5  8　　 -->  　  8  5  2

7  8  9 　　　 　　3  6  9　　　　       9  6  3

class Solution {
public:
void rotate(vector<vector<int>>& matrix) {
int n = matrix.size();
for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
for (int j = i + 1; j < n; ++j) {
swap(matrix[i][j], matrix[j][i]);
}
reverse(matrix[i].begin(), matrix[i].end());
}
}
};

Github 同步地址：

https://github.com/grandyang/leetcode/issues/48

https://leetcode.com/problems/rotate-image/

https://leetcode.com/problems/rotate-image/discuss/18895/Clear-Java-solution

https://leetcode.com/problems/rotate-image/discuss/18872/A-common-method-to-rotate-the-image

LeetCode All in One 题目讲解汇总(持续更新中...)

posted @ 2015-04-03 11:33  Grandyang  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏