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在这个注解比较流行的年代里,当我们想要使用spring 的某些功能时只需要加上一行代码就可以了,比如:

@EnableAspectJAutoProxy开启AOP,

@EnableTransactionManagement开启spring事务管理,

@EnableCaching开启spring缓存

@EnableWebMvc 开启webMvc

.....

       对于我们使用者而言十分简单便利,然而,其背后所做的事,却远远比一个注解复杂的多了,本篇只是简略的介绍一下@EnableAspectJAutoProxy背后所发生的那些事,了解其工作原理,才能更好的运用,并从中领略大师的智慧.

废话不多说,先来看一下源码:

@Target(ElementType.TYPE)
@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@Documented
@Import(AspectJAutoProxyRegistrar.class)
public @interface EnableAspectJAutoProxy {

    /**
     * Indicate whether subclass-based (CGLIB) proxies are to be created as opposed
     * to standard Java interface-based proxies. The default is {@code false}.
     */
    boolean proxyTargetClass() default false;

    /**
     * Indicate that the proxy should be exposed by the AOP framework as a {@code ThreadLocal}
     * for retrieval via the {@link org.springframework.aop.framework.AopContext} class.
     * Off by default, i.e. no guarantees that {@code AopContext} access will work.
     * @since 4.3.1
     */
    boolean exposeProxy() default false;

}

英文注解已经很详细了,这里简单介绍一下两个参数,一个是控制aop的具体实现方式,为true 的话使用cglib,为false的话使用java的Proxy,默认为false,第二个参数控制代理的暴露方式,解决内部调用不能使用代理的场景,默认为false.

 

这里核心是@Import(AspectJAutoProxyRegistrar.class);在AspectJAutoProxyRegistrar里,核心的地方是

        AopConfigUtils.registerAspectJAnnotationAutoProxyCreatorIfNecessary(registry);

一个AOP的工具类,这个工具类的主要作用是把AnnotationAwareAspectJAutoProxyCreator这个类定义为BeanDefinition放到spring容器中,这是通过实现ImportBeanDefinitionRegistrar接口来装载的,具体装载过程不是本篇的重点,这里就不赘述,我们重点看AnnotationAwareAspectJAutoProxyCreator这个类.

首先看看这个类图:

 

从类图是可以大致了解AnnotationAwareAspectJAutoProxyCreator这个类的功能.它实现了一系列Aware的接口,在Bean装载的时候获取BeanFactory(Bean容器),Bean的ClassLoader,还实现了order接口,继承了PorxyConfig,ProxyConfig中主要封装了代理的通用处理逻辑,比如设置目标类,设置使用cglib还是java proxy等一些基础配置.

而能够让这个类参与到bean初始化功能,并为bean添加代理功能的还是因为它实现了BeanPostProcessor这个接口.这个接口的postProcessAfterInitialization方法会在bean初始化结束后(赋值完成)被调用,有关spring中bean初始化的过程可以参考我的另一篇博客:spring bean的装载过程简略赏析

这里先看一下最顶部的抽象类:AbstractAutoProxyCreator,这个抽象类主要抽象了实现代理的逻辑:

    @Override
    public Object postProcessBeforeInstantiation(Class<?> beanClass, String beanName) throws BeansException {
        Object cacheKey = getCacheKey(beanClass, beanName);

        if (!StringUtils.hasLength(beanName) || !this.targetSourcedBeans.contains(beanName)) {
            if (this.advisedBeans.containsKey(cacheKey)) {
                return null;
            }
            if (isInfrastructureClass(beanClass) || shouldSkip(beanClass, beanName)) {
                this.advisedBeans.put(cacheKey, Boolean.FALSE);
                return null;
            }
        }

        // Create proxy here if we have a custom TargetSource.
        // Suppresses unnecessary default instantiation of the target bean:
        // The TargetSource will handle target instances in a custom fashion.
        TargetSource targetSource = getCustomTargetSource(beanClass, beanName);
        if (targetSource != null) {
            if (StringUtils.hasLength(beanName)) {
                this.targetSourcedBeans.add(beanName);
            }
            Object[] specificInterceptors = getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean(beanClass, beanName, targetSource);//获取切面
            Object proxy = createProxy(beanClass, beanName, specificInterceptors, targetSource);
            this.proxyTypes.put(cacheKey, proxy.getClass());
            return proxy;
        }

        return null;
    }

当我们开启了EbableAspectJAutoProxy后,每次Bean的装配时,都会执行这段逻辑.前面主要是校验是否需要对bean进行代理(特殊的类,和已经被代理),核心逻辑在后面几行.getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean方法来获取所有符合条件的切面,具体的实现在子类,这里是抽象方法,获取切面后就是创建代理:

protected Object createProxy(Class<?> beanClass, @Nullable String beanName,
            @Nullable Object[] specificInterceptors, TargetSource targetSource) {

        if (this.beanFactory instanceof ConfigurableListableBeanFactory) {
            AutoProxyUtils.exposeTargetClass((ConfigurableListableBeanFactory) this.beanFactory, beanName, beanClass);
        }

        ProxyFactory proxyFactory = new ProxyFactory();
        proxyFactory.copyFrom(this);

        if (!proxyFactory.isProxyTargetClass()) {
            if (shouldProxyTargetClass(beanClass, beanName)) {
                proxyFactory.setProxyTargetClass(true);
            }
            else {
                evaluateProxyInterfaces(beanClass, proxyFactory);
            }
        }

        Advisor[] advisors = buildAdvisors(beanName, specificInterceptors);
        proxyFactory.addAdvisors(advisors);
        proxyFactory.setTargetSource(targetSource);
        customizeProxyFactory(proxyFactory);

        proxyFactory.setFrozen(this.freezeProxy);
        if (advisorsPreFiltered()) {
            proxyFactory.setPreFiltered(true);
        }

        return proxyFactory.getProxy(getProxyClassLoader());
    }

TargetSource中存放被代理的对象,这段代码主要是为了构建ProxyFactory,将配置信息(是否使用java proxy,是否threadlocal等),目标类,切面,传入ProxyFactory中,而在ProxyFactory中,会通过createAopProxy()方法创建代理工厂DefaultAopProxyFactory,由代理厂生成具体的代理对目标类进行代理:

 

public AopProxy createAopProxy(AdvisedSupport config) throws AopConfigException {
        if (config.isOptimize() || config.isProxyTargetClass() || hasNoUserSuppliedProxyInterfaces(config)) {
            Class<?> targetClass = config.getTargetClass();
            if (targetClass == null) {
                throw new AopConfigException("TargetSource cannot determine target class: " +
                        "Either an interface or a target is required for proxy creation.");
            }
            if (targetClass.isInterface() || Proxy.isProxyClass(targetClass)) {
                return new JdkDynamicAopProxy(config);
            }
            return new ObjenesisCglibAopProxy(config);
        }
        else {
            return new JdkDynamicAopProxy(config);
        }
    }

 

可以看到,在这里有我们在注解中设置的参数的判断逻辑,是创建java代理,还是cglib代理,有关cglib的讲解请看cglib的使用.

我们主要看一下JdkDynamicAopProxy的实现,cglib其实差不多。

@Override
    public Object getProxy() {
        return getProxy(ClassUtils.getDefaultClassLoader());
    }

    @Override
    public Object getProxy(@Nullable ClassLoader classLoader) {
        if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
            logger.debug("Creating JDK dynamic proxy: target source is " + this.advised.getTargetSource());
        }
        Class<?>[] proxiedInterfaces = AopProxyUtils.completeProxiedInterfaces(this.advised, true);
        findDefinedEqualsAndHashCodeMethods(proxiedInterfaces);
        return Proxy.newProxyInstance(classLoader, proxiedInterfaces, this);
    }

findDefinedEqualsAndHashCodeMethods方法是为了查询被代理的接口是否包括equals和hashcode方法,这回影响到下面的调用。

可以看到InvocationHandler的实现就是this。我们看一下invoke方法的实现:

    @Override
    @Nullable
    public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
        MethodInvocation invocation;
        Object oldProxy = null;
        boolean setProxyContext = false;

        TargetSource targetSource = this.advised.targetSource;
        Object target = null;

        try {
            if (!this.equalsDefined && AopUtils.isEqualsMethod(method)) {
                // The target does not implement the equals(Object) method itself.
                return equals(args[0]);
            }
            else if (!this.hashCodeDefined && AopUtils.isHashCodeMethod(method)) {
                // The target does not implement the hashCode() method itself.
                return hashCode();
            }
            else if (method.getDeclaringClass() == DecoratingProxy.class) {
                // There is only getDecoratedClass() declared -> dispatch to proxy config.
                return AopProxyUtils.ultimateTargetClass(this.advised);
            }
            else if (!this.advised.opaque && method.getDeclaringClass().isInterface() &&
                    method.getDeclaringClass().isAssignableFrom(Advised.class)) {
                // Service invocations on ProxyConfig with the proxy config...
                return AopUtils.invokeJoinpointUsingReflection(this.advised, method, args);
            }

            Object retVal;

            if (this.advised.exposeProxy) {
                // Make invocation available if necessary.
                oldProxy = AopContext.setCurrentProxy(proxy);
                setProxyContext = true;
            }

            // Get as late as possible to minimize the time we "own" the target,
            // in case it comes from a pool.
            target = targetSource.getTarget();
            Class<?> targetClass = (target != null ? target.getClass() : null);

            // Get the interception chain for this method.
            List<Object> chain = this.advised.getInterceptorsAndDynamicInterceptionAdvice(method, targetClass);

            // Check whether we have any advice. If we don't, we can fallback on direct
            // reflective invocation of the target, and avoid creating a MethodInvocation.
            if (chain.isEmpty()) {
                // We can skip creating a MethodInvocation: just invoke the target directly
                // Note that the final invoker must be an InvokerInterceptor so we know it does
                // nothing but a reflective operation on the target, and no hot swapping or fancy proxying.
                Object[] argsToUse = AopProxyUtils.adaptArgumentsIfNecessary(method, args);
                retVal = AopUtils.invokeJoinpointUsingReflection(target, method, argsToUse);
            }
            else {
                // We need to create a method invocation...
                invocation = new ReflectiveMethodInvocation(proxy, target, method, args, targetClass, chain);
                // Proceed to the joinpoint through the interceptor chain.
                retVal = invocation.proceed();
            }

            // Massage return value if necessary.
            Class<?> returnType = method.getReturnType();
            if (retVal != null && retVal == target &&
                    returnType != Object.class && returnType.isInstance(proxy) &&
                    !RawTargetAccess.class.isAssignableFrom(method.getDeclaringClass())) {
                // Special case: it returned "this" and the return type of the method
                // is type-compatible. Note that we can't help if the target sets
                // a reference to itself in another returned object.
                retVal = proxy;
            }
            else if (retVal == null && returnType != Void.TYPE && returnType.isPrimitive()) {
                throw new AopInvocationException(
                        "Null return value from advice does not match primitive return type for: " + method);
            }
            return retVal;
        }
        finally {
            if (target != null && !targetSource.isStatic()) {
                // Must have come from TargetSource.
                targetSource.releaseTarget(target);
            }
            if (setProxyContext) {
                // Restore old proxy.
                AopContext.setCurrentProxy(oldProxy);
            }
        }
    }

红色的代码是构建代理链,因为一个方法可能有多个切点匹配上,这个时候就需要构建一个链式的执行结构。

    public List<Object> getInterceptorsAndDynamicInterceptionAdvice(Method method, @Nullable Class<?> targetClass) {
        MethodCacheKey cacheKey = new MethodCacheKey(method);
        List<Object> cached = this.methodCache.get(cacheKey);
        if (cached == null) {
            cached = this.advisorChainFactory.getInterceptorsAndDynamicInterceptionAdvice(
                    this, method, targetClass);
            this.methodCache.put(cacheKey, cached);
        }
        return cached;
    }

这里做了一个缓存,虽然new了一个对象最为key,但是对象的equals和hashcode方法都被重写了,所以没有问题,我们主要来看一下它是如何组装这个链式处理结构的:

    public List<Object> getInterceptorsAndDynamicInterceptionAdvice(
            Advised config, Method method, @Nullable Class<?> targetClass) {

        // This is somewhat tricky... We have to process introductions first,
        // but we need to preserve order in the ultimate list.
        List<Object> interceptorList = new ArrayList<>(config.getAdvisors().length);
        Class<?> actualClass = (targetClass != null ? targetClass : method.getDeclaringClass());
        boolean hasIntroductions = hasMatchingIntroductions(config, actualClass);
        AdvisorAdapterRegistry registry = GlobalAdvisorAdapterRegistry.getInstance();

        for (Advisor advisor : config.getAdvisors()) {
            if (advisor instanceof PointcutAdvisor) {
                // Add it conditionally.
                PointcutAdvisor pointcutAdvisor = (PointcutAdvisor) advisor;
                if (config.isPreFiltered() || pointcutAdvisor.getPointcut().getClassFilter().matches(actualClass)) {
                    MethodInterceptor[] interceptors = registry.getInterceptors(advisor);
                    MethodMatcher mm = pointcutAdvisor.getPointcut().getMethodMatcher();
                    if (MethodMatchers.matches(mm, method, actualClass, hasIntroductions)) {
                        if (mm.isRuntime()) {
                            // Creating a new object instance in the getInterceptors() method
                            // isn't a problem as we normally cache created chains.
                            for (MethodInterceptor interceptor : interceptors) {
                                interceptorList.add(new InterceptorAndDynamicMethodMatcher(interceptor, mm));
                            }
                        }
                        else {
                            interceptorList.addAll(Arrays.asList(interceptors));
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            else if (advisor instanceof IntroductionAdvisor) {
                IntroductionAdvisor ia = (IntroductionAdvisor) advisor;
                if (config.isPreFiltered() || ia.getClassFilter().matches(actualClass)) {
                    Interceptor[] interceptors = registry.getInterceptors(advisor);
                    interceptorList.addAll(Arrays.asList(interceptors));
                }
            }
            else {
                Interceptor[] interceptors = registry.getInterceptors(advisor);
                interceptorList.addAll(Arrays.asList(interceptors));
            }
        }

        return interceptorList;
    }

 

 

可以看到,它会遍历自己的所有建言,那这些advisor是从哪里来的呢:

 还记得最开始,我们说过,AbstractAutoProxyCreator中通过getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean方法来装载切面,而这个是一个抽象方法,现在来看它的实现,在AbstractAdvisorAutoProxyCreator中:

@Override
    @Nullable
    protected Object[] getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean(Class<?> beanClass, String beanName, @Nullable TargetSource targetSource) {
        List<Advisor> advisors = findEligibleAdvisors(beanClass, beanName);
        if (advisors.isEmpty()) {
            return DO_NOT_PROXY;
        }
        return advisors.toArray();
    }

protected List<Advisor> findEligibleAdvisors(Class<?> beanClass, String beanName) {
        List<Advisor> candidateAdvisors = findCandidateAdvisors();
        List<Advisor> eligibleAdvisors = findAdvisorsThatCanApply(candidateAdvisors, beanClass, beanName);
        extendAdvisors(eligibleAdvisors);
        if (!eligibleAdvisors.isEmpty()) {
            eligibleAdvisors = sortAdvisors(eligibleAdvisors);
        }
        return eligibleAdvisors;
    }

 

findCandidateAdvisors又是一个抽象方法,主要功能就是找到候选的切面,为什么是候选的,因为它是加载了所有的切面,有些前面并不需要,在最底层AnnotationAwareAspectJAutoProxyCreator的实现类中也有:
protected List<Advisor> findCandidateAdvisors() {
        // Add all the Spring advisors found according to superclass rules.
        List<Advisor> advisors = super.findCandidateAdvisors();
        // Build Advisors for all AspectJ aspects in the bean factory.
        if (this.aspectJAdvisorsBuilder != null) {
            advisors.addAll(this.aspectJAdvisorsBuilder.buildAspectJAdvisors());
        }
        return advisors;
    }

可以看到,通过aspectJAdvisorsBuilder来将该类关心的所有的切面装载进来,并添加到父类的集合里面.aspectJAdvisorsBuilder里缓存了advisor的信息,拿到切面后,通过findAdvisorsThatCanApply方法来筛选合适的切面,之后对切面进行排序(因为实现了Order接口),然后返回切面的链表.

好了,以上就是我们在写下@EnableAspectJAutoProxy后发生的事情,可以看到,spring在背后确实为我们做了许多事情,感谢开源的人们的努力!

 

总结:回过头看,spring抽象了最顶层的通用方法作为接口:,Bean生命周期处理,Order,排序,Aware接口,然后需要这些功能的类去实现这些接口,而实现了这些接口的类,会在特定的时候收到通知(观察者模式),在上面的例子中,还可以看到典型的模板模式,这也是spring中用的最多的模式之一了,对于代理类的创建采用工厂模式,将类的创建和拥有者解耦,具有高扩展性.从spring整个架构上来看,也正是由一个个接口组成的(面向接口),所以spring不仅是一个很好的工具,还是一本很好的教科书.

 

 

最后贴出spring源码地址:https://github.com/spring-projects/spring-framework.git

 

                                                                转载请注明出处!

 

 

 

 

 

 

BeanPostProcessor
posted on 2018-03-26 21:02  在山的那边  阅读(43997)  评论(0编辑  收藏