SQL Server 2008中的Pivot和UnPivot

SQL Server 2008中SQL应用系列--目录索引

 

今天给新成员讲解PIVOT 和 UNPIVOT示例,顺便整理了一下其用法。这是自SQL Server 2005起提供的新功能。

官方示例:http://msdn.microsoft.com/zh-cn/library/ms177410%28v=sql.105%29.aspx

首先看PIVOT示例:

基本表数据:

View Code
IF NOT OBJECT_ID('tb_Income') IS NULL
DROP TABLE [tb_Income]

/****** Object: Table [dbo].[tb_Income] Script Date: 2012/4/5 8:19:21 ******/


CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tb_Income](
----[PKID] int primary key identity(101,1),
[PName] [Nvarchar](20) NOT NULL,
[CYear] Smallint NOT NULL,
[CMonth] TinyInt NOT NULL,
[CMoney] Decimal (10,2) Not Null

)

GO
INSERT [dbo].[tb_Income]
SELECT '胡一刀',2011,2,5600
union ALL SELECT '胡一刀',2011,1,5678
union ALL SELECT '胡一刀',2011,3,6798
union ALL SELECT '胡一刀',2011,4,7800
union ALL SELECT '胡一刀',2011,5,8899
union ALL SELECT '胡一刀',2011,8,8877
union ALL SELECT '胡一刀',2011,6,7788
union ALL SELECT '胡一刀',2011,7,6798
union ALL SELECT '胡一刀',2011,10,10000
union ALL SELECT '胡一刀',2011,9,12021
union ALL SELECT '胡一刀',2011,11,8799
union ALL SELECT '胡一刀',2011,12,10002

union ALL SELECT '苗人凤',2011,1,3455
union ALL SELECT '苗人凤',2011,2,4567
union ALL SELECT '苗人凤',2011,3,5676
union ALL SELECT '苗人凤',2011,4,5600
union ALL SELECT '苗人凤',2011,5,6788
union ALL SELECT '苗人凤',2011,6,5679
union ALL SELECT '苗人凤',2011,7,6785
union ALL SELECT '苗人凤',2011,8,7896
union ALL SELECT '苗人凤',2011,9,7890
union ALL SELECT '苗人凤',2011,10,7799
union ALL SELECT '苗人凤',2011,11,9988

union ALL SELECT '郑希来',2011,2,5600
union ALL SELECT '郑希来',2011,3,2345
union ALL SELECT '郑希来',2011,5,12000
union ALL SELECT '郑希来',2011,4,23456
union ALL SELECT '郑希来',2011,6,4567
union ALL SELECT '郑希来',2011,7,6789
union ALL SELECT '郑希来',2011,8,9998
union ALL SELECT '郑希来',2011,9,34567
union ALL SELECT '郑希来',2011,12,5609

GO

测试结果如下:

SELECT * FROM tb_Income
GO

/*

PName CYear CMonth CMoney
胡一刀 2011 2 5600.00
胡一刀 2011 1 5678.00
胡一刀 2011 3 6798.00
胡一刀 2011 4 7800.00
胡一刀 2011 5 8899.00
胡一刀 2011 8 8877.00
胡一刀 2011 6 7788.00
胡一刀 2011 7 6798.00
胡一刀 2011 10 10000.00
胡一刀 2011 9 12021.00
胡一刀 2011 11 8799.00
胡一刀 2011 12 10002.00
苗人凤 2011 1 3455.00
苗人凤 2011 2 4567.00
苗人凤 2011 3 5676.00
苗人凤 2011 4 5600.00
苗人凤 2011 5 6788.00
苗人凤 2011 6 5679.00
苗人凤 2011 7 6785.00
苗人凤 2011 8 7896.00
苗人凤 2011 9 7890.00
苗人凤 2011 10 7799.00
苗人凤 2011 11 9988.00
郑希来 2011 2 5600.00
郑希来 2011 3 2345.00
郑希来 2011 5 12000.00
郑希来 2011 4 23456.00
郑希来 2011 6 4567.00
郑希来 2011 7 6789.00
郑希来 2011 8 9998.00
郑希来 2011 9 34567.00
郑希来 2011 12 5609.00
*/

现在需要统计2011年的个人总工资,使用Group by 即可:

SELECT PName,sum(Cmoney) as YearMoney from tb_Income
GROUP BY PName
ORDER BY sum(Cmoney) desc

/*
PName YearMoney
郑希来 104931.00
胡一刀 99060.00
苗人凤 72123.00
*/


现在我们来进行行列转换:

SELECT CYear,胡一刀,苗人凤,郑希来 FROM tb_Income 
PIVOT(sum(CMoney)
FOR PName IN
(胡一刀,苗人凤,郑希来)) t

/*
CYear 胡一刀 苗人凤 郑希来
2011 5678.00 3455.00 NULL
2011 5600.00 4567.00 5600.00
2011 6798.00 5676.00 2345.00
2011 7800.00 5600.00 23456.00
2011 8899.00 6788.00 12000.00
2011 7788.00 5679.00 4567.00
2011 6798.00 6785.00 6789.00
2011 8877.00 7896.00 9998.00
2011 12021.00 7890.00 34567.00
2011 10000.00 7799.00 NULL
2011 8799.00 9988.00 NULL
2011 10002.00 NULL 5609.00
*/

注意行列已经转换,再汇总,关键是去除干扰列,重新构建新数据集X:

SELECT 胡一刀,苗人凤,郑希来 FROM 
(SELECT PName,CMoney FROM tb_Income) X
PIVOT(sum(CMoney)
FOR PName IN
(胡一刀,苗人凤,郑希来)) t

/*
胡一刀 苗人凤 郑希来
99060.00 72123.00 104931.00
*/

 

UNPIVOT的示例更简单一些:

生成基本数据:

View Code
IF NOT OBJECT_ID('tb_Tel') IS NULL
DROP TABLE [tb_Tel]

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tb_Tel](
----[PKID] int primary key identity(101,1),
[PName] [Nvarchar](20) NOT NULL,
[Mobile1] [Nvarchar](20) NOT NULL,
[Mobile2] [Nvarchar](20) NOT NULL,
[Mobile3] [Nvarchar](20) Not Null
)
GO
INSERT [dbo].[tb_Tel]
SELECT '胡一刀','13067894562','13567889667','16767894562'
union ALL SELECT '苗人凤','1507894562','15267889667','15367894562'
union ALL SELECT '郑希来','18067894562','18567889667','18767894562'
GO

结果:

SELECT * FROM tb_Tel

/*
PName Mobile1 Mobile2 Mobile3
胡一刀 13067894562 13567889667 16767894562
苗人凤 1507894562 15267889667 15367894562
郑希来 18067894562 18567889667 18767894562
*/

行列转换:

SELECT PName,电话类型,电话号码
FROM tb_Tel
UNPIVOT(电话类型 FOR 电话号码 IN (Mobile1,Mobile2,Mobile3) ) p

/*
PName 电话类型 电话号码
胡一刀 13067894562 Mobile1
胡一刀 13567889667 Mobile2
胡一刀 16767894562 Mobile3
苗人凤 1507894562 Mobile1
苗人凤 15267889667 Mobile2
苗人凤 15367894562 Mobile3
郑希来 18067894562 Mobile1
郑希来 18567889667 Mobile2
郑希来 18767894562 Mobile3
*/



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posted @ 2012-04-05 18:52  邀月  阅读(2940)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报