随笔 - 2146  文章 - 97 评论 - 11767 trackbacks - 253


Loop 是反复执行;
从哪反复? 这要用到 "标号";
反复几次? 把反复的次数告诉 ECX 寄存器即可.

笨办法计算 3 * 8 = 24
; Test15_1.asm
.386
.model flat, stdcall

include    windows.inc
include    kernel32.inc
include    masm32.inc
include    debug.inc
includelib kernel32.lib
includelib masm32.lib
includelib debug.lib

.data
    val dd 3
.code
main proc
    xor eax, eax
    add eax, val
    add eax, val
    add eax, val
    add eax, val
    add eax, val
    add eax, val
    add eax, val
    add eax, val
    PrintDec eax  ;24
    ret
main endp
end main


使用 LOOP 和标号:
; Test15_2.asm
.386
.model flat, stdcall

include    windows.inc
include    kernel32.inc
include    masm32.inc
include    debug.inc
includelib kernel32.lib
includelib masm32.lib
includelib debug.lib

.data
    val dd 3
.code
main proc
    xor eax, eax
    mov ecx, 8
L1:               ;命名为 "L1" 的标号
    add eax, val
    loop L1       ;反复到指定标号; 每次反复 ecx 会减 1, 直到 ecx 为 0 才向下执行

    PrintDec eax  ;24
    ret
main endp
end main


数组求和的例子:
; Test15_3.asm
.386
.model flat,  stdcall

include    windows.inc
include    kernel32.inc
include    masm32.inc
include    debug.inc
includelib kernel32.lib
includelib masm32.lib
includelib debug.lib
    
.data
    dwArr dd 1,2,3,4,5
.code
main proc
    lea edi, dwArr           ;把数组起始地址给一个寄存器
    mov ecx, lengthof dwArr  ;把数组元素数(将要反复的次数)给 ECX
    xor eax, eax
L1:
    add  eax, [edi]          ;edi 中的地址将不断变化, 通过 [edi] 获取元素值
    add  edi, type dwArr     ;获取下一个元素的地址
    loop L1
    
    PrintDec eax  ;15
    ret
main endp
end main


复制字符串的例子:
; Test15_4.asm
.386
.model flat, stdcall

include    windows.inc
include    kernel32.inc
include    masm32.inc
include    debug.inc
includelib kernel32.lib
includelib masm32.lib
includelib debug.lib
    
.data
    szSource db 'Hello World!', 0       ;定义源字符串
    szDest   db sizeof szSource dup(0)  ;定义相同大小的目的字符串
.code
main proc
    mov  esi, 0                ;这里选择使用 esi 做数组索引
    mov  ecx, sizeof szSource  ;这是要循环的次数
L1:
    mov  al, szSource[esi]     ;mov 的操作数不允许两个都是变量, 用 al 中转一下
    mov  szDest[esi], al       ;
    inc  esi                   ;调整索引
    loop L1
    
    PrintString szDest         ;Hello World!
    ret
main endp
end main


如果仅仅是复制字符串, 可以使用声明在 masm32.inc 中的 szCopy 函数:
; Test15_5.asm
.386
.model flat, stdcall

include    windows.inc
include    kernel32.inc
include    masm32.inc
include    debug.inc
includelib kernel32.lib
includelib masm32.lib
includelib debug.lib
    
.data
    szSource db 'Hello World!', 0
    szDest   db sizeof szSource dup(0)
.code
main proc
    invoke szCopy, addr szSource, addr szDest
    PrintString szDest  ;Hello World!
    ret
main endp
end main


关于 @@、@B、@F:

; 如果懒得给标号取名, 可以使用 @@ 做标号;
; @B 表示前面最近的一个标号、@F 表示后面最近的一个标号;
; 使用 @@ 可以把前面 3*8=24 的例子修改如下:

; Test15_6.asm
.386
.model flat, stdcall

include    windows.inc
include    kernel32.inc
include    masm32.inc
include    debug.inc
includelib kernel32.lib
includelib masm32.lib
includelib debug.lib

.data
    val dd 3
.code
main proc
    xor eax, eax
    mov ecx, 8
@@:
    add eax, val
    loop @B
    PrintDec eax  ;24
    ret
main endp
end main


关于全局标号:

; 上面例子中的标号都是局部标号;
; 如果一个标号定义在子过程之外, 那它就是全局标号了.
; 能不能在子过程中定义全局标号呢? 后面加两个 : 就是了.

; Test15_7.asm
.386
.model flat, stdcall

include    windows.inc
include    kernel32.inc
include    masm32.inc
include    debug.inc
includelib kernel32.lib
includelib masm32.lib
includelib debug.lib

.data
    val dd 3
.code

MyProc proc
Label1::               ;是 Label1:: 而不是 Label1:
    PrintText 'MyProc'
    ret
MyProc endp

main proc
    PrintText 'main'
    jmp Label1  ;jmp 是无条件跳转指令
    ret
main endp
end main


posted on 2010-04-08 17:02  万一  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏