简单实用的铁道部12306.cn网站自动化登录( 更新版 )

更新说明

  • 修正了之前没有问题的代码现在却出现脚本异常问题
    • http://www.cnblogs.com/cnshangsha/archive/2012/01/12/12306cnautologin.html
    • 新代码如下:
    •         var page = "https://dynamic.12306.cn/otsweb/loginAction.do?method=init";
              var url = "https://dynamic.12306.cn/otsweb/loginAction.do?method=login";
              var queryurl = "https://dynamic.12306.cn/otsweb/order/querySingleAction.do?method=init";
      
              function submitForm() {
                  var _ifrMain = document.getElementById('main');
                  var userName = _ifrMain.contentWindow.document.getElementById('UserName');
                  var password = _ifrMain.contentWindow.document.getElementById('password');
                  var randCode = _ifrMain.contentWindow.document.getElementById('randCode');
      
                  var submitUrl = url;
                  $.ajax({
                      type: "POST",
                      url: submitUrl,
                      data: {
                          "loginUser.user_name": userName.value
      				  , "user.password": password.value
      				  , "randCode": randCode.value
                      },
                      timeout: 30000,
                      success: function (msg) {
                          if (msg.indexOf('请输入正确的验证码') > -1) {
                              alert('请输入正确的验证码!');
                          };
                          if (msg.indexOf('当前访问用户过多') > -1) {
                              reLogin('回调结果:当前访问用户过多');
                          }
                          else {
                              location.replace(queryurl);
                          };
                      },
                      error: function (msg) {
                          reLogin('回调结果:错误');
                      },
                      beforeSend: function (XHR) {
                         ;
                      }
                  });
              }
      
              var count = 1;
              function reLogin(msg) {
                  count++;
                  skm_LockScreen("(" + count + ")次登录中..." + msg);
                  setTimeout(submitForm, 500);
              }
      
              function skm_LockScreen(str) {
                  scroll(0, 0);
                  var back = document.getElementById('skm_LockBackground');
                  var pane = document.getElementById('skm_LockPane');
                  var text = document.getElementById('skm_LockPaneText');
      
                  var LockBackgroundCssString = "position: absolute;top: 0px;left: 0px;visibility: visible;display: block;width: 105%;height: 105%;background-color: #666;z-index: 999;filter: alpha(opacity=75);opacity:0.75;padding-top: 20%;";
      
                  var LockPaneCssString = "z-index: 1000;position: absolute;top: 0px;left: 0px;padding-top: 25%;visibility: visible;display: block;text-align: center;width: 100%;";
      
                  var textCssString = "width: 55%;background-color: #969;color: White;font-size: large;border: dotted 1px White;padding: 9px;margin-left: auto;margin-right: auto;";
                  
                  if (back)
                      back.style.cssText = LockBackgroundCssString; 
                  if (pane)
                      pane.style.cssText = LockPaneCssString; 
                  if (text) {
                      text.innerHTML = str;
                      text.style.cssText = textCssString; 
                  }
              }
      
              var loginoutElement = document.getElementById('login_out');
              loginoutElement.innerHTML = "<div id='skm_LockBackground' style='display: none;visibility: hidden;position: absolute;top: -100px;left: -100px;'></div><div id='skm_LockPane' style='display: none;visibility: hidden;position: absolute;top: -100px;left: -100px;'><div id='skm_LockPaneText'> </div></div>"; 
      
              submitForm();
      

       

  • 增加了友好的锁屏信息 
    •  
  • 多进程登录 
    •  
  • 代码测试能目前还是能正常登录的,请网友放心使用 
    •  
  • Bug
    • 目前代码自动登录的频率是一秒两次,有一次在登录次数达到3百多次的时候 ,网页出现了拒绝访问的错误,  难道铁道部的后台程序判断了当前用户请求次数频繁, 把请求列入了黑名单?

铁道部网站登录难点分析

  • 必须使用微软IE浏览器 
    • 铁道部网站只支持IE在线付款
  • 网站使用Https协议
    • 客户端不允许跨域访问 

技术解析

  • 使用微软IE开发者工具栏即可破解自动化登录过程

开始步骤

  • 使用IE8及其以上的版本,IE7及以下版本需要另外下载微软官方的IE开发者工具栏,下载链接如下:
  • 在IE地址栏中访问铁道部登录页面 https://dynamic.12306.cn/otsweb/loginAction.do?method=init
  • 需要 且 只需要输入一次自己的用户名,密码,验证码即可 
    •  
  • 按F12快捷键调出IE开发者工具栏 >>> Script(脚本)选项卡 >>> 复制如下图代码到内容文本框中 >>>  点击 Run Script(运行脚本) 按钮
    •         var page = "https://dynamic.12306.cn/otsweb/loginAction.do?method=init";
              var url = "https://dynamic.12306.cn/otsweb/loginAction.do?method=login";
              var queryurl = "https://dynamic.12306.cn/otsweb/order/querySingleAction.do?method=init";
      
              function submitForm() {
                  var _ifrMain = document.getElementById('main');
                  var userName = _ifrMain.contentWindow.document.getElementById('UserName');
                  var password = _ifrMain.contentWindow.document.getElementById('password');
                  var randCode = _ifrMain.contentWindow.document.getElementById('randCode');
      
                  var submitUrl = url;
                  $.ajax({
                      type: "POST",
                      url: submitUrl,
                      data: {
                          "loginUser.user_name": userName.value
      				  , "user.password": password.value
      				  , "randCode": randCode.value
                      },
                      timeout: 30000,
                      success: function (msg) {
                          if (msg.indexOf('请输入正确的验证码') > -1) {
                              alert('请输入正确的验证码!');
                          };
                          if (msg.indexOf('当前访问用户过多') > -1) {
                              reLogin('回调结果:当前访问用户过多');
                          }
                          else {
                              location.replace(queryurl);
                          };
                      },
                      error: function (msg) {
                          reLogin('回调结果:错误');
                      },
                      beforeSend: function (XHR) {
                         ;
                      }
                  });
              }
      
              var count = 1;
              function reLogin(msg) {
                  count++;
                  skm_LockScreen("(" + count + ")次登录中..." + msg);
                  setTimeout(submitForm, 500);
              }
      
              function skm_LockScreen(str) {
                  scroll(0, 0);
                  var back = document.getElementById('skm_LockBackground');
                  var pane = document.getElementById('skm_LockPane');
                  var text = document.getElementById('skm_LockPaneText');
      
                  var LockBackgroundCssString = "position: absolute;top: 0px;left: 0px;visibility: visible;display: block;width: 105%;height: 105%;background-color: #666;z-index: 999;filter: alpha(opacity=75);opacity:0.75;padding-top: 20%;";
      
                  var LockPaneCssString = "z-index: 1000;position: absolute;top: 0px;left: 0px;padding-top: 25%;visibility: visible;display: block;text-align: center;width: 100%;";
      
                  var textCssString = "width: 55%;background-color: #969;color: White;font-size: large;border: dotted 1px White;padding: 9px;margin-left: auto;margin-right: auto;";
                  
                  if (back)
                      back.style.cssText = LockBackgroundCssString; 
                  if (pane)
                      pane.style.cssText = LockPaneCssString; 
                  if (text) {
                      text.innerHTML = str;
                      text.style.cssText = textCssString; 
                  }
              }
      
              var loginoutElement = document.getElementById('login_out');
              loginoutElement.innerHTML = "<div id='skm_LockBackground' style='display: none;visibility: hidden;position: absolute;top: -100px;left: -100px;'></div><div id='skm_LockPane' style='display: none;visibility: hidden;position: absolute;top: -100px;left: -100px;'><div id='skm_LockPaneText'> </div></div>"; 
      
              submitForm();
      

       

  • 后面执行情况说明
    •   点击了运行脚本按钮后,对客户来说,登录操作是自动化的了,无需其他操作,只待登录成功即可。
  • 执行成功说明 ,如下图,看到自己的用户名后,即登录成功

最后总结

  • 不足 
    • 前些天买票高峰期已过, 此技巧来得太晚 , 我的票别人帮忙订的,我没太注意用技术实现容易登录。
  • 足 
    • 返程票高峰期马上到来!
posted @ 2012-01-16 11:43  shss  阅读(9861)  评论(41编辑  收藏