POJ3608 Bridge Across Islands

题目链接

问题分析

题意即求两个凸包间的最小距离。

一开始十分暴力地写了一个闵可夫斯基和,后来发现变种的旋转卡壳转一转就好了QAQ

闵可夫斯基和的思路十分简单,下面看一下旋转卡壳的做法:

1

不难发现两个凸包间的最短距离一定像上图那样。所以我们只需要枚举一个凸包的边,找另一个凸包上的对踵点就好了。这个过程需要执行两次。

注意判断线段平行和求点到线段距离的细节。

参考程序

闵可夫斯基和版:

#include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cmath>
using namespace std;

const int Maxn = 10010;
const double Eps = 1e-12;
struct point {
    double x, y;
    point() {}
    point( double _x, double _y ) : x( _x ), y( _y ) {}
    inline point operator + ( const point Other ) const {
        return point( x + Other.x, y + Other.y );
    }
    inline point operator - ( const point Other ) const {
        return point( x - Other.x, y - Other.y );
    }
    inline point operator * ( const double Other ) const {
        return point( x * Other, y * Other );
    }
    inline double operator * ( const point Other ) const {
        return x * Other.y - Other.x * y;
    }
    inline double operator / ( const point Other ) const {
        return x * Other.x + y * Other.y;
    }
    inline double Dis() const { return sqrt( x * x + y * y ); }
};
int N, M, L;
point A[ Maxn ], B[ Maxn ], C[ Maxn << 1 ], Base;

inline int Cmp( double x, double y ) {
    if( fabs( x - y ) <= Eps ) return 0;
    if( x - y > Eps ) return 1;
    return -1;
}
inline bool Cmp1( point x, point y ) {
    return Cmp( ( x - Base ) * ( y - Base ), 0.0 ) == 1 || 
        ( Cmp( ( x - Base ) * ( y - Base ), 0.0 ) == 0 && Cmp( ( x - Base ).Dis(), ( y - Base ).Dis() ) == -1 );
}
void Get( point *A, int &N ) {
    for( int i = 2; i <= N; ++i )
        if( Cmp( A[ i ].y, A[ 1 ].y ) == -1 || ( Cmp( A[ i ].y, A[ 1 ].y ) == 0 && Cmp( A[ i ].x, A[ 1 ].x ) == -1 ) )
            swap( A[ i ], A[ 1 ] );
    Base = A[ 1 ]; sort( A + 2, A + N + 1, Cmp1 );
    L = 1; C[ 1 ] = A[ 1 ];
    for( int i = 2; i <= N; ++i ) {
        for( ; L > 1 && Cmp( ( A[ i ] - C[ L - 1 ] ) * ( C[ L ] - C[ L - 1 ] ), 0.0 ) >= 0; --L );
        C[ ++L ] = A[ i ];
    }
    N = L; for( int i = 1; i <= L; ++i ) A[ i ] = C[ i ];
    return;
}
void Merge( point *A, int N, point *B, int M, point *C ) {
    L = 1; C[ 1 ] = A[ 1 ] + B[ 1 ];
    A[ ++N ] = A[ 1 ]; B[ ++M ] = B[ 1 ];
    int i1 = 1, i2 = 1;
    for( ; i1 < N && i2 < M; ) {
        if( Cmp( ( A[ i1 + 1 ] - A[ i1 ] ) * ( B[ i2 + 1 ] - B[ i2 ] ), 0.0 ) >= 0 ) {
            C[ L + 1 ] = C[ L ] + ( A[ i1 + 1 ] - A[ i1 ] ); ++L; ++i1;
        } else {
            C[ L + 1 ] = C[ L ] + ( B[ i2 + 1 ] - B[ i2 ] ); ++L; ++i2;
        }
    }
    for( ; i1 < N; ++i1 ) C[ L + 1 ] = C[ L ] + ( A[ i1 + 1 ] - A[ i1 ] ), ++L;
    for( ; i2 < M; ++i2 ) C[ L + 1 ] = C[ L ] + ( B[ i2 + 1 ] - B[ i2 ] ), ++L;
    return;
}
bool Check() {
    for( int i = 1; i < L; ++i )
        if( Cmp( C[ i + 1 ] * C[ i ], 0.0 ) > 0 ) return false;
    return true;
}
double GetDis( point A, point B, point C ) {
    point D = C + point( -( A - B ).y, ( A - B ).x );
    double T = ( D - A ) * ( C - A ) / ( ( C - B ) * ( D - B ) );
    if( Cmp( T, 0.0 ) <= 0 ) return min( A.Dis(), B.Dis() );
    point O = A * ( 1 / ( T + 1.0 ) ) + B * ( T / ( T + 1.0 ) );
    return ( O - C ).Dis();
}
int main() {
    scanf( "%d%d", &N, &M );
    while( N != 0 || M != 0 ) {
        for( int i = 1; i <= N; ++i ) scanf( "%lf%lf", &A[ i ].x, &A[ i ].y );
        for( int i = 1; i <= M; ++i ) scanf( "%lf%lf", &B[ i ].x, &B[ i ].y );
        for( int i = 1; i <= M; ++i ) B[ i ].x = -B[ i ].x, B[ i ].y = -B[ i ].y;
        Get( A, N ); Get( B, M );
        Merge( A, N, B, M, C );
        if( Check() ) printf( "0.000000\n" );
        else {
            double Ans = 1000000000.0;
            for( int i = 1; i < L; ++i ) Ans = min( Ans, GetDis( C[ i ], C[ i + 1 ], point( 0.0, 0.0 ) ) );
            printf( "%.6lf\n", Ans );
        }
        scanf( "%d%d", &N, &M );
    }
    return 0;
}

旋转卡壳版:

#include <cstdio>
#include <cmath>
#include <algorithm>
using namespace std;

const int Maxn = 10010;
const double Eps = 1e-12;
struct point {
    double x, y;
    point() {}
    point( double _x, double _y ) : x( _x ), y( _y ) {}
    inline point operator + ( const point Other ) const {
        return point( x + Other.x, y + Other.y );
    }
    inline point operator - ( const point Other ) const {
        return point( x - Other.x, y - Other.y );
    }
    inline double operator * ( const point Other ) const {
        return x * Other.y - Other.x * y;
    }
    inline point operator * ( const double Other ) const {
        return point( x * Other, y * Other );
    }
    inline double Mod() const { return sqrt( x * x + y * y ); }
};
int N, M, Size;
point A[ Maxn ], B[ Maxn ], Base, Stack[ Maxn ];

int Cmp( double x, double y ) {
    if( fabs( x - y ) <= Eps ) return 0;
    if( x - y > Eps ) return 1;
    return -1;
}
bool Cmp1( point X, point Y ) {
    return Cmp( ( X - Base ) * ( Y - Base ), 0.0 ) == 1 || 
        ( Cmp( ( X - Base ) * ( Y - Base ), 0.0 ) == 0 && Cmp( ( X - Base ).Mod(), ( Y - Base ).Mod() ) == -1 );
}
void Graham( point *A, int &N ) {
    for( int i = 2; i <= N; ++i ) 
        if( Cmp( A[ i ].y, A[ 1 ].y ) == -1 || 
                ( Cmp( A[ i ].y, A[ 1 ].y ) == 0 && Cmp( A[ i ].x, A[ 1 ].x ) == -1 ) )
            swap( A[ i ], A[ 1 ] );
    Base = A[ 1 ]; sort( A + 2, A + N + 1, Cmp1 );
    Size = 1; Stack[ 1 ] = A[ 1 ];
    for( int i = 2; i <= N; ++i ) {
        for( ; Size > 1 && Cmp( ( A[ i ] - Stack[ Size - 1 ] ) * ( Stack[ Size ] - Stack[ Size - 1 ] ), 0.0 ) >= 0; --Size );
        Stack[ ++Size ] = A[ i ];
    }
    N = Size; for( int i = 1; i <= N; ++i ) A[ i ] = Stack[ i ];
    return;
}
inline int Pre( int N, int x ) { return ( x - 1 < 1 ) ? N : x - 1; }
inline int Suc( int N, int x ) { return ( x + 1 > N ) ? 1 : x + 1; }
inline double GetDis( point A, point B, point C ) {
    point D = C + point( -( B - A ).y, ( B - A ).x );
    double K = ( D - A ) * ( C - A ) / ( ( C - B ) * ( D - B ) );
    if( Cmp( K, 0.0 ) <= 0 ) return min( ( C - A ).Mod(), ( C - B ).Mod() );
    point O = A * ( 1.0 / ( K + 1.0 ) ) + B * ( K / ( K + 1.0 ) );
    return ( C - O ).Mod();
}
double Dis( point *A, int N, point *B, int M ) {
    int i1 = 1, i2; 
    for( i2 = 1; i2 <= M; ++i2 )
        if( Cmp( ( A[ Suc( N, i1 ) ] - A[ i1 ] ) * ( B[ i2 ] - B[ Pre( M, i2 ) ] ), 0.0 ) == 1 &&
                Cmp( ( A[ Suc( N, i1 ) ] - A[ i1 ] ) * ( B[ Suc( M, i2 ) ] - B[ i2 ] ), 0.0 ) <= 0 )
            break;
    double Ans = GetDis( A[ Suc( N, i1 ) ], A[ i1 ], B[ i2 ] );
    if( Cmp( ( A[ Suc( N, i1 ) ] - A[ i1 ] ) * ( B[ Suc( M, i2 ) ] - B[ i2 ] ), 0.0 ) == 0 ) {
        i2 = Suc( M, i2 );
        Ans = min( Ans, GetDis( A[ Suc( N, i1 ) ], A[ i1 ], B[ i2 ] ) );
    }
    for( ++i1; i1 <= N; ++i1 ) {
        for( ; Cmp( ( A[ Suc( N, i1 ) ] - A[ i1 ] ) * ( B[ i2 ] - B[ Pre( M, i2 ) ] ), 0.0 ) <= 0 ||
                Cmp( ( A[ Suc( N, i1 ) ] - A[ i1 ] ) * ( B[ Suc( M, i2 ) ] - B[ i2 ] ), 0.0 ) == 1; i2 = Suc( M, i2 ) );
        Ans = min( Ans, GetDis( A[ Suc( N, i1 ) ], A[ i1 ], B[ i2 ] ) );
        if( Cmp( ( A[ Suc( N, i1 ) ] - A[ i1 ] ) * ( B[ Suc( M, i2 ) ] - B[ i2 ] ), 0.0 ) == 0 ) {
            i2 = Suc( M, i2 );
            Ans = min( Ans, GetDis( A[ Suc( N, i1 ) ], A[ i1 ], B[ i2 ] ) );
        }
    }
    return Ans;
}
int main() {
    scanf( "%d%d", &N, &M );
    for( ; N != 0 || M != 0; scanf( "%d%d", &N, &M ) ) {
        for( int i = 1; i <= N; ++i ) scanf( "%lf%lf", &A[ i ].x, &A[ i ].y );
        for( int i = 1; i <= M; ++i ) scanf( "%lf%lf", &B[ i ].x, &B[ i ].y );
        Graham( A, N ); Graham( B, M );
        printf( "%.6lf\n", min( Dis( A, N, B, M ), Dis( B, M, A, N ) ) );
    }
    return 0;
}
posted @ 2019-08-09 22:45 chy_2003 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏