CF715B. Complete The Graph

CF715B. Complete The Graph

题意:

给一张 n 个点,m 条边的无向图,要求设定一些边的边权
使得所有边权都是正整数,最终 S 到 T 的最短路为 L

1 ≤ n ≤ 1000, 1 ≤ m ≤ 10000


假做法:

spfa求s到t最短路且满足可变边最少

然后把不在最短路上的可变边标为inf,最短路上的可变边修改成使最短路长为L

假的原因:

其他的赋值为inf只是保证了经过其他可变边的路径不会更短,没有保证不经过其他可变边只是少经过了几条可变边、导致比最短路长的路径不会在最短路修改后更短

存在绕过某条可变边的路径p,本来不是最短路且不经过最短路上可变边x,但你修改x之后,p会变成当前最短路,于是这个做法就挂掉了。

就是说走了非可变边,把你修改的那条可变边绕过去了

修正:

真做法1:

应当选择满足d<L的路径中经过可变边最少的一条

可以在最短路上加维,\(d(i,j)\)表示1到i经过j条可变边的最短路

复杂度\(O(mn\log{mn})\)

真做法2:

随便求一条最短路,同样其他赋值inf,然后枚举最短路上的可变边,依次修改改可变边的值,修改后再求最短路看看会不会被绕过去。最后一定会收敛出答案

无解:不经过可变边就可以<L,经过可变边也比L大

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstring>
#include <queue>
#include <vector>
using namespace std;
typedef long long ll;
const int N = 1e5+5, M = 1e6+5;
const ll inf = 1e16;

int n, m, L, s, t;
struct edge {int u, v, ne; ll w;} e[M];
struct meow {int u, v; ll w;} a[M];
int cnt=1, h[N], mark[M];
inline void ins(int u, int v, ll w) {
    if(w == 0) w=1, mark[cnt+1] = mark[cnt+2] = 1;
    e[++cnt] = (edge) {u, v, h[u], w}; h[u] = cnt;
    e[++cnt] = (edge) {v, u, h[v], w}; h[v] = cnt;
    a[cnt>>1] = (meow) {u, v, w};
}
inline void paint(int x, ll v) {
    a[x].w = v;
    e[x<<1].w = e[x<<1|1].w = v;
}

ll d[N];
int inq[N], pre[N];
int q[N], head, tail;
inline void lop(int &x) {if(x==N) x = 1;}
void spfa0(int s) {
    memset(d, 0x3f, sizeof(d));
    head = tail = 1;
    d[s] = 0; q[tail++] = s;  inq[s] = 1;
    while(head != tail) {
        int u = q[head++]; lop(head); inq[u] = 0;
        for(int i=h[u]; i; i=e[i].ne) if(!mark[i]) {
            int v = e[i].v;
            if(d[v] > d[u] + e[i].w) {
                d[v] = d[u] + e[i].w;
                if(!inq[v]) q[tail++] = v, lop(tail), inq[v] = 1;
            }
        }
    }
}

void spfa(int s) {
    memset(d, 0x3f, sizeof(d));
    memset(inq, 0, sizeof(inq));
    head = tail = 1;
    d[s] = 0; q[tail++] = s;  inq[s] = 1;
    while(head != tail) {
        int u = q[head++]; lop(head); inq[u] = 0;
        for(int i=h[u]; i; i=e[i].ne) {
            int v = e[i].v;
            if(d[v] > d[u] + e[i].w ) {
                d[v] = d[u] + e[i].w;
                pre[v] = i;
                if(!inq[v]) q[tail++] = v, lop(tail), inq[v] = 1;
            }
        }
    }
}
int chose[N];
vector<int> li;
int main() {
    //freopen("in", "r", stdin);
    ios::sync_with_stdio(false); cin.tie(); cout.tie();
    cin >> n >> m >> L >> s >> t;
    s++; t++;
    for(int i=1; i<=m; i++) {
        int u, v, w;
        cin >> u >> v >> w;
        u++; v++;
        ins(u, v, w);
    }
    spfa0(s);
    if(d[t] < L) {cout << "NO"; return 0;}
    spfa(s);
    if(d[t] > L) {cout << "NO"; return 0;}
    if(d[t] == L) {
        cout << "YES" << endl;
        for(int i=1; i <= cnt>>1; i++) cout << a[i].u-1 << ' ' << a[i].v-1 << ' ' << a[i].w << '\n';
        return 0;
    }
    
    
    int x = t;
    while(x != s) {
        if(mark[pre[x]]) chose[pre[x]>>1] = 1, li.push_back(pre[x]>>1);
        x = e[pre[x]].u;
    }
    for(int i=1; i<=cnt>>1; i++) if(mark[i<<1] && !chose[i]) paint(i, inf);
    for(int i=0; i<li.size(); i++) {
        int now = li[i];
        int delta = L - d[t] + 1;
        paint(now, delta);
        spfa(s);
        if(d[t] == L) break;
    }
    cout << "YES" << endl;
    for(int i=1; i <= cnt>>1; i++) cout << a[i].u-1 << ' ' << a[i].v-1 << ' ' << a[i].w << '\n';
}

ps:假做法的代码

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstring>
#include <queue>
using namespace std;
typedef long long ll;
const int N = 1e5+5, M = 1e6+5;
const ll inf = 1e16;

int n, m, L, s, t;
struct edge {int u, v, ne; ll w;} e[M];
struct meow {int u, v; ll w;} a[M];
int cnt=1, h[N], mark[M];
inline void ins(int u, int v, ll w) {
    if(w == 0) w=1, mark[cnt+1] = mark[cnt+2] = 1;
    e[++cnt] = (edge) {u, v, h[u], w}; h[u] = cnt;
    e[++cnt] = (edge) {v, u, h[v], w}; h[v] = cnt;
    a[cnt>>1] = (meow) {u, v, w};
}

ll d[N];
int inq[N], cou[N], pre[N];
int q[N], head, tail;
inline void lop(int &x) {if(x==N) x = 1;}
void spfa0(int s) {
    memset(d, 0x3f, sizeof(d));
    head = tail = 1;
    d[s] = 0; q[tail++] = s;  inq[s] = 1;
    while(head != tail) {
        int u = q[head++]; lop(head); inq[u] = 0;
        for(int i=h[u]; i; i=e[i].ne) if(!mark[i]) {
            int v = e[i].v;
            if(d[v] > d[u] + e[i].w) {
                d[v] = d[u] + e[i].w;
                if(!inq[v]) q[tail++] = v, lop(tail), inq[v] = 1;
            }
        }
    }
}
namespace test {
    int pre[N];
void spfa1(int s) {
    memset(d, 0x3f, sizeof(d));
    head = tail = 1;
    d[s] = 0; q[tail++] = s;  inq[s] = 1;
    while(head != tail) {
        int u = q[head++]; lop(head); inq[u] = 0;
        for(int i=h[u]; i; i=e[i].ne) {
            int v = e[i].v;
            if(d[v] > d[u] + e[i].w) {
                d[v] = d[u] + e[i].w;
                pre[v] = i;
                if(!inq[v]) q[tail++] = v, lop(tail), inq[v] = 1;
            }
        }
    }
}
}
void spfa(int s) {
    memset(d, 0x3f, sizeof(d));
    memset(cou, 0x3f, sizeof(cou));
    memset(inq, 0, sizeof(inq));
    head = tail = 1;
    d[s] = 0; cou[s] = 0; q[tail++] = s;  inq[s] = 1;
    while(head != tail) {
        int u = q[head++]; lop(head); inq[u] = 0;
        for(int i=h[u]; i; i=e[i].ne) {
            int v = e[i].v;
            if(d[v] > d[u] + e[i].w || (d[v] == d[u]+e[i].w && cou[v] > cou[u] + mark[i])) {
                d[v] = d[u] + e[i].w;
                cou[v] = cou[u] + mark[i];
                pre[v] = i;
                if(!inq[v]) q[tail++] = v, lop(tail), inq[v] = 1;
            }
        }
    }
}
int chose[N];
int main() {
    //freopen("in", "r", stdin);
    ios::sync_with_stdio(false); cin.tie(); cout.tie();
    cin >> n >> m >> L >> s >> t;
    s++; t++;
    for(int i=1; i<=m; i++) {
        int u, v, w;
        cin >> u >> v >> w;
        u++; v++;
        ins(u, v, w);
    }
    spfa0(s);
    if(d[t] < L) {cout << "NO"; return 0;}
    spfa(s);
    if(d[t] > L) {cout << "NO"; return 0;}
    if(d[t] == L) {
        cout << "YES" << endl;
        for(int i=1; i <= cnt>>1; i++) cout << a[i].u-1 << ' ' << a[i].v-1 << ' ' << a[i].w << '\n';
        return 0;
    }
    
    int x = t;
    int flag = 0;
    while(x != s) {
        if(mark[pre[x]]) chose[pre[x]>>1] = 1, flag = pre[x] >> 1;
        x = e[pre[x]].u;
    }
    if(!flag) {cout << "NO"; return 0;}
    for(int i=1; i <= cnt>>1; i++) if(mark[i<<1] && !chose[i]) a[i].w = inf;
    for(int i=1; i<=cnt; i++) if(mark[i] && !chose[i>>1]) e[i].w = inf;
    int delta = L - d[t] + 1;
    a[flag].w = delta; 
    e[flag<<1].w = e[flag<<1|1].w = delta;


    test::spfa1(s);
    if(d[t] != L) {
        cout << d[t] << "nooooo\n";
        int x = t;
        while(x != s) {
            if(test::pre[x] != pre[x]) {
                cout << "wrong\n";
                cout << mark[pre[x]] << "   " << mark[test::pre[x]] << '\n';
            }
            x = e[pre[x]].u;
        }
    }
    cout << "YES" << endl;
    for(int i=1; i <= cnt>>1; i++) cout << a[i].u-1 << ' ' << a[i].v-1 << ' ' << a[i].w << '\n';
}
posted @ 2018-07-09 21:55 Candy? 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏