 # [algorithm][poj] POJ 2488 A Knight's Journey

Description

Background
The knight is getting bored of seeing the same black and white squares again and again and has decided to make a journey
around the world. Whenever a knight moves, it is two squares in one direction and one square perpendicular to this. The world of a knight is the chessboard he is living on. Our knight lives on a chessboard that has a smaller area than a regular 8 * 8 board, but it is still rectangular. Can you help this adventurous knight to make travel plans?

Problem
Find a path such that the knight visits every square once. The knight can start and end on any square of the board. Input

The input begins with a positive integer n in the first line. The following lines contain n test cases. Each test case consists of a single line with two positive integers p and q, such that 1 <= p * q <= 26. This represents a p * q chessboard, where p describes how many different square numbers 1, . . . , p exist, q describes how many different square letters exist. These are the first q letters of the Latin alphabet: A, . . .

Output

The output for every scenario begins with a line containing "Scenario #i:", where i is the number of the scenario starting at 1. Then print a single line containing the lexicographically first path that visits all squares of the chessboard with knight moves followed by an empty line. The path should be given on a single line by concatenating the names of the visited squares. Each square name consists of a capital letter followed by a number.
If no such path exist, you should output impossible on a single line.

Sample Input

3
1 1
2 3
4 3

Sample Output

Scenario #1:
A1

Scenario #2:
impossible

Scenario #3:
A1B3C1A2B4C2A3B1C3A4B2C4

#include<iostream>
#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
using namespace std;

#define MAX_NUM  26
int n, p, q,ok;

int used[MAX_NUM][MAX_NUM];
int pathX[MAX_NUM];
int pathY[MAX_NUM];
int dir = { { -2, -1 }, { -2, 1 }, { -1, -2 }, { -1, 2 }, { 1, -2 }, { 1,2 }, { 2, -1 }, { 2, 1 } };

void dfs(int x, int y, int step) {
    pathX[step - 1] = x;
    pathY[step - 1] = y;
    used[x][y] = 1;
    if (step == p*q) {ok = 1;return;}

    for (int i=0; i<8; ++i) {
        int _x = x + dir[i];
        int _y = y + dir[i];
        if (_x>=0 && _y>=0 && _x<p && _y<q && !used[_x][_y]) {
            dfs(_x, _y, step+1);
        }
    }
    used[x][y] = 0;
}
int main() {
    int sum = 0;
    cin>>n;
    while (n--) {
        cin>>p>>q;
        ok=0;
        memset(used, 0, sizeof(used));
        memset(pathX, 0, sizeof(pathX));
        memset(pathY, 0, sizeof(pathY));
        printf("Scenario #%d:\n", ++sum);
        dfs(0, 0, 1);
        if (ok != 1) {
            printf("impossible\n");
        } else {
            for (int i = 0; i < p * q; i++) {
                printf("%c%d", pathY[i] + 'A', pathX[i] + 1);
            }
            printf("\n");
        }
        printf("\n");
    }
    return 0;
}

Code On ideone

posted @ 2012-03-13 20:54  zsounder  阅读(291)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报