一个轻巧高效的多线程c++stream风格异步日志(二)

一个轻巧高效的多线程c++stream风格异步日志(二)


前言

本文紧接上一篇文章: 介绍上文中的一条条日志是如何异步导入本地文件的.
首先会简单介绍下LogFile类,之后会具体讲解下AsyncLogging中的双缓冲机制.
整个日志模块的结构图,

LogFile类

LogFile日志文件类 完成日志文件的管理工作.
rollFile() :滚动文件 当日志超过m_rollSize大小时会滚动一个新的日志文件出来.
getLogFileName() :用与滚动日志时,给日志文件取名,以滚动时间作为后缀.
m_mutex :用于append()数据时,给文件上锁.
append() :黏入日志.
flush() :冲刷缓冲.

LogFile 有一个AppendFIle类,它是最终用于操作本地文件的类.
append() : 里面会调用系统函数fwrite()写入本地文件.
flush() : 冲刷缓冲.
writtenBytes() : 获取已写字节数.

AsyncLogging类

AsyncLogging异步日志类, 完成日志的异步写入工作.
介绍它的接口前,先描述下它的工作逻辑.

AsyncLogging 有以下述几类缓存.
m_currentBuffer : 指向当前接收其他线程append过来的日志的缓存.
m_buffers : 用于存放当前已写满或过了冲刷周期的日志缓存的指针容器.
m_nextBuffer : 指向当m_currentBuffer满后用于替代m_currentBuffer的缓存.

backupBuffer1 : 备用缓存.
backupBuffer2 : 备用缓存.
buffersToWrite : 和m_buffers通过交换swap()后append()到LogFile的指针容器.

AsyncLogging 使用的双缓冲机制 有两个缓存容器 : m_buffers 、buffersToWrite 交替使用 . 一下我们简称为 A 和 B .
A 用于接收 其他线程 append() 进来的日志.
B 用于将目前已接受的缓存 写入 日志文件. 当B写完时 , clean() B , 交换A,B,如此往复.

优点 : 新建的日志不必等待磁盘操作,也避免了每条新日志都触发日志线程,而是将多条日志拼程一个大的buffer 传送给日志线程写入文件. 相当于批处理, 减少线程唤醒频率 ,降低开销。
另外 ,为了及时将 日志消息写入文件, 即是 buffer A 中还没有push进来日志 也会每三秒 执行一次上述的写入操作.

AsyncLogging使用一个更大的LogBuffer来保存一条条Logger传送过来的日志.
Mutex :用来控制多线程的写入.
Condition : 用来等待缓冲区中的数据.
Thread : 使用一个线程处理缓存的交换,以及日志的写入.

AsyncLogging实现

下面会给出AsyncLogging的简单实现.
实际上还有几个备用缓存,这里没有加上去,以便于理解程序; 备用缓存主要是为了减少反复new 操作带来的系统开销,

#ifndef _ASYNC_LOGGING_HH
#define _ASYNC_LOGGING_HH
#include "MutexLock.hh"
#include "Thread.hh"
#include "LogStream.hh"
#include "ptr_vector.hh"
#include "Condition.hh"

#include <string>

class AsyncLogging
{
public:
	AsyncLogging(const std::string filePath, off_t rollSize, int flushInterval = 3);
	~AsyncLogging();

	void start(){
		m_isRunning = true;
		m_thread.start();
	}

	void stop(){
		m_isRunning = false;
		m_cond.notify();
	}

	void append(const char *logline, int len);

private:
	AsyncLogging(const AsyncLogging&);
	AsyncLogging& operator=(const AsyncLogging&);

	void threadRoutine();

	typedef LogBuffer<kLargeBuffer> Buffer;
	typedef oneself::ptr_vector<Buffer> BufferVector;
	typedef oneself::auto_ptr<Buffer> BufferPtr;

	const int m_flushInterval;
	bool m_isRunning;
	off_t m_rollSize;
	std::string m_filePath;
	Thread m_thread;
	MutexLock m_mutex;
	Condition m_cond;

	BufferPtr m_currentBuffer;
	BufferVector m_buffers;
};

#endif



//AsyncLogging.cpp
#include "AsyncLogging.hh"
#include "LogFile.hh"
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>

AsyncLogging::AsyncLogging(const std::string filePath, off_t rollSize, int flushInterval)
	:m_filePath(filePath),
	 m_rollSize(2048),
	 m_flushInterval(flushInterval),
	 m_isRunning(false),
	 m_thread(std::bind(&AsyncLogging::threadRoutine, this)),
	 m_mutex(),
	 m_cond(m_mutex),
	 m_currentBuffer(new Buffer),
	 m_buffers()
{
}

AsyncLogging::~AsyncLogging(){
	if(m_isRunning) stop();
}

void AsyncLogging::append(const char* logline, int len){
	MutexLockGuard lock(m_mutex);
	if(m_currentBuffer->avail() > len){
		m_currentBuffer->append(logline, len);
	}
	else{
		m_buffers.push_back(m_currentBuffer.release());
		
		m_currentBuffer.reset(new Buffer);

		m_currentBuffer->append(logline, len);
		m_cond.notify();
	}
}

void AsyncLogging::threadRoutine(){
	assert(m_isRunning == true);
	LogFile output(m_filePath, m_rollSize, false);
	BufferVector buffersToWrite;
	buffersToWrite.reserve(8);

	while(m_isRunning){
		assert(buffersToWrite.empty());
		{
			MutexLockGuard lock(m_mutex);
			if(m_buffers.empty()){
				m_cond.waitForSeconds(m_flushInterval);
			}
			m_buffers.push_back(m_currentBuffer.release());
			m_currentBuffer.reset(new Buffer);
			m_buffers.swap(buffersToWrite);
		}

		assert(!buffersToWrite.empty());

		for(size_t i = 0; i < buffersToWrite.size(); ++i){
			output.append(buffersToWrite[i]->data(), buffersToWrite[i]->length());
		}

		buffersToWrite.clear();
		output.flush();
	}

	output.flush();
}

增加备用缓存

增加备用缓存优化上面程序,上面程序一共在两个地方执行了new操作.
1.m_currentBuffer 填满时,需要把它填进容器的时候.
2.到时间了需要把m_currentBuffer里面的内容写入本地文件时,会把它当前的内容移出来,这时候需要new一个新缓存来给m_currentBuffer.

于是我们准备一个m_nextBuffer来做m_currentBuffer的备用缓存.同时在线程中增加两个backupBuffer 给m_nextBuffer 当备用缓存;当日志量大到不够用的时候, 再考虑用new 操作来动态添加缓存。

#ifndef _ASYNC_LOGGING_HH
#define _ASYNC_LOGGING_HH
#include "MutexLock.hh"
#include "Thread.hh"
#include "LogStream.hh"
#include "ptr_vector.hh"


#include "Condition.hh"
#include <memory>
#include <string>

class AsyncLogging
{
public:
	AsyncLogging(const std::string filePath, off_t rollSize, int flushInterval = 3);
	~AsyncLogging();

	void start(){
		m_isRunning = true;
		m_thread.start();
	}

	void stop(){
		m_isRunning = false;
		m_cond.notify();
	}

	void append(const char *logline, int len);

private:
	AsyncLogging(const AsyncLogging&);
	AsyncLogging& operator=(const AsyncLogging&);

	void threadRoutine();

	typedef LogBuffer<kLargeBuffer> Buffer;
	typedef myself::ptr_vector<Buffer> BufferVector;
	typedef std::unique_ptr<Buffer> BufferPtr;

	const int m_flushInterval;
	bool m_isRunning;
	off_t m_rollSize;
	std::string m_filePath;
	Thread m_thread;
	MutexLock m_mutex;
	Condition m_cond;

	BufferPtr m_currentBuffer;
	BufferPtr m_nextBuffer;
	BufferVector m_buffers;
};

#endif


//AsynvLogging.cpp
#include "AsyncLogging.hh"
#include "LogFile.hh"
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>

AsyncLogging::AsyncLogging(const std::string filePath, off_t rollSize, int flushInterval)
	:m_filePath(filePath),
	 m_rollSize(rollSize),
	 m_flushInterval(flushInterval),
	 m_isRunning(false),
	 m_thread(std::bind(&AsyncLogging::threadRoutine, this)),
	 m_mutex(),
	 m_cond(m_mutex),
	 m_currentBuffer(new Buffer),
	 m_nextBuffer(new Buffer),
	 m_buffers()
{
}

AsyncLogging::~AsyncLogging(){
	if(m_isRunning) stop();
}

void AsyncLogging::append(const char* logline, int len){
	MutexLockGuard lock(m_mutex);
	if(m_currentBuffer->avail() > len){
		m_currentBuffer->append(logline, len);
	}
	else{
		m_buffers.push_back(m_currentBuffer.release());
		
		if(m_nextBuffer){
			m_currentBuffer = std::move(m_nextBuffer);
		}
		else{
			m_currentBuffer.reset(new Buffer);
		}

		m_currentBuffer->append(logline, len);
		m_cond.notify();
	}
}

void AsyncLogging::threadRoutine(){
	assert(m_isRunning == true);
	LogFile output(m_filePath, m_rollSize, false);
	BufferPtr backupBuffer1(new Buffer);
	BufferPtr backupBuffer2(new Buffer);
	BufferVector buffersToWrite;
	buffersToWrite.reserve(8);

	while(m_isRunning){
		assert(buffersToWrite.empty());
		{
			MutexLockGuard lock(m_mutex);
			if(m_buffers.empty()){
				m_cond.waitForSeconds(m_flushInterval);
			}
			m_buffers.push_back(m_currentBuffer.release());
			m_currentBuffer = std::move(backupBuffer1);
			m_buffers.swap(buffersToWrite);
			if(!m_nextBuffer)
				m_nextBuffer = std::move(backupBuffer2);
		}

		assert(!buffersToWrite.empty());

		for(size_t i = 0; i < buffersToWrite.size(); ++i){
			output.append(buffersToWrite[i]->data(), buffersToWrite[i]->length());
		}

		if(buffersToWrite.size() > 2)
		{
		    // drop non-bzero-ed buffers, avoid trashing
			buffersToWrite.resize(2);
		}

		if(!backupBuffer1)
		{
			assert(!buffersToWrite.empty());
			backupBuffer1 = std::move(buffersToWrite.pop_back());
			backupBuffer1->reset();
		}

		if(!backupBuffer2)
		{
			assert(!buffersToWrite.empty());
			backupBuffer2 = std::move(buffersToWrite.pop_back());
			backupBuffer2->reset();
		}

		buffersToWrite.clear();
		output.flush();
	}

	output.flush();
}


结语

本文主要介绍了muduo中AsyncLogging类的实现,其中的双缓存机制.
LogFile类及AppendFIle类 分别是日志文件管理类和本地文件的基本操作类. 不难理解,感兴趣的话可以看看muduo的源码,本文不再往下写了,如果想要全部源码可以留言。

最新源码:
https://github.com/BethlyRoseDaisley/SimpleMuduo/tree/master/AsyncLogging

作者 —— 靑い空゛

出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/ailumiyana/

除特别注明外,本站所有文章均为靑い空゛原创,欢迎转载分享,但请注明出处。

posted @ 2018-09-05 09:25  靑い空゛  阅读(2044)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报