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CAGradientLayer的一些属性解析

CAGradientLayer的一些属性解析

iOS中Layer的坐标系统:

效果:

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];

    CAGradientLayer *colorLayer = [CAGradientLayer layer];
    colorLayer.frame    = (CGRect){CGPointZero, CGSizeMake(200, 200)};
    colorLayer.position = self.view.center;
    [self.view.layer addSublayer:colorLayer];

    // 颜色分配
    colorLayer.colors = @[(__bridge id)[UIColor redColor].CGColor,
                          (__bridge id)[UIColor greenColor].CGColor,
                          (__bridge id)[UIColor blueColor].CGColor];
    
    // 颜色分割线
    colorLayer.locations  = @[@(0.25), @(0.5), @(0.75)];
    
    // 起始点
    colorLayer.startPoint = CGPointMake(0, 0);
    
    // 结束点
    colorLayer.endPoint   = CGPointMake(1, 0);
}

颜色分配严格遵守Layer的坐标系统,locations,startPoint,endPoint都是以Layer坐标系统进行计算的.

而locations并不是表示颜色值所在位置,它表示的是颜色在Layer坐标系相对位置处要开始进行渐变颜色了.

CAGradientLayer 的这四个属性 colors locations startPoint endPoint 都是可以进行动画的哦.

 

附录:

稍微复杂点的动画效果

//
//  RootViewController.m
//
//  Copyright (c) 2014年 Y.X. All rights reserved.
//

#import "RootViewController.h"
#import "YXGCD.h"

@interface RootViewController ()

@property (nonatomic, strong) GCDTimer  *timer;

@end

@implementation RootViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];

    CAGradientLayer *colorLayer = [CAGradientLayer layer];
    colorLayer.backgroundColor = [UIColor blueColor].CGColor;
    colorLayer.frame    = (CGRect){CGPointZero, CGSizeMake(200, 200)};
    colorLayer.position = self.view.center;
    [self.view.layer addSublayer:colorLayer];

    // 颜色分配
    colorLayer.colors = @[(__bridge id)[UIColor cyanColor].CGColor,
                          (__bridge id)[UIColor orangeColor].CGColor,
                          (__bridge id)[UIColor magentaColor].CGColor];
    
    // 起始点
    colorLayer.startPoint = CGPointMake(0, 0);
    
    // 结束点
    colorLayer.endPoint   = CGPointMake(1, 0);
    
    _timer = [[GCDTimer alloc] initInQueue:[GCDQueue mainQueue]];
    [_timer event:^{
        
        static CGFloat test = - 0.1f;
        
        if (test >= 1.1)
        {
            test = - 0.1f;
            [CATransaction setDisableActions:YES];
            colorLayer.locations  = @[@(test), @(test + 0.05), @(test + 0.1)];
        }
        else
        {
            [CATransaction setDisableActions:NO];
            colorLayer.locations  = @[@(test), @(test + 0.05), @(test + 0.1)];
        }
        
        test += 0.1f;
        
    } timeInterval:NSEC_PER_SEC];
    [_timer start];
}

@end

    _timer = [[GCDTimer alloc] initInQueue:[GCDQueue mainQueue]];
    [_timer event:^{
        
        static CGFloat test = - 0.1f;
        
        if (test >= 1.1)
        {
            test = - 0.1f;
            [CATransaction setDisableActions:NO];
            colorLayer.locations  = @[@(test), @(test + 0.01), @(test + 0.011)];
        }
        else
        {
            [CATransaction setDisableActions:NO];
            colorLayer.locations  = @[@(test), @(test + 0.01), @(test + 0.011)];
        }
        
        test += 0.1f;
        
    } timeInterval:NSEC_PER_SEC];
    [_timer start];

配合CAShapeLayer使用

//
//  RootViewController.m
//
//  Copyright (c) 2014年 Y.X. All rights reserved.
//

#import "RootViewController.h"
#import "YXGCD.h"

@interface RootViewController ()

@property (nonatomic, strong) GCDTimer  *timer;

@end

// 将常数转换为度数
#define   DEGREES(degrees)  ((M_PI * (degrees))/ 180.f)

@implementation RootViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
    self.view.backgroundColor = [UIColor blackColor];

    CAGradientLayer *colorLayer = [CAGradientLayer layer];
    colorLayer.backgroundColor = [UIColor blueColor].CGColor;
    colorLayer.frame    = (CGRect){CGPointZero, CGSizeMake(200, 200)};
    colorLayer.position = self.view.center;
    [self.view.layer addSublayer:colorLayer];

    // 颜色分配
    colorLayer.colors = @[(__bridge id)[UIColor redColor].CGColor,
                          (__bridge id)[UIColor whiteColor].CGColor,
                          (__bridge id)[UIColor redColor].CGColor];
    colorLayer.locations  = @[@(-0.2), @(-0.1), @(0)];
    
    // 起始点
    colorLayer.startPoint = CGPointMake(0, 0);
    
    // 结束点
    colorLayer.endPoint   = CGPointMake(1, 0);
    
    CAShapeLayer *circle = [RootViewController LayerWithCircleCenter:CGPointMake(102, 100)
                                                              radius:80
                                                          startAngle:DEGREES(0)
                                                            endAngle:DEGREES(360)
                                                           clockwise:YES
                                                     lineDashPattern:nil];
    circle.strokeColor = [UIColor redColor].CGColor;
    [self.view.layer addSublayer:circle];
    circle.strokeEnd = 1.f;
    colorLayer.mask = circle;
    
    _timer = [[GCDTimer alloc] initInQueue:[GCDQueue mainQueue]];
    [_timer event:^{

        static int i = 0;
        if (i++ % 2 == 0)
        {
            CABasicAnimation* fadeAnim = [CABasicAnimation animationWithKeyPath:@"locations"];
            fadeAnim.fromValue = @[@(-0.2), @(-0.1), @(0)];
            fadeAnim.toValue   = @[@(1.0), @(1.1), @(1.2)];
            fadeAnim.duration  = 1.5;
            [colorLayer addAnimation:fadeAnim forKey:nil];
        }

    } timeInterval:NSEC_PER_SEC];
    [_timer start];
}

+ (CAShapeLayer *)LayerWithCircleCenter:(CGPoint)point
                                 radius:(CGFloat)radius
                             startAngle:(CGFloat)startAngle
                               endAngle:(CGFloat)endAngle
                              clockwise:(BOOL)clockwise
                        lineDashPattern:(NSArray *)lineDashPattern
{
    CAShapeLayer *layer = [CAShapeLayer layer];
    
    // 贝塞尔曲线(创建一个圆)
    UIBezierPath *path = [UIBezierPath bezierPathWithArcCenter:CGPointMake(0, 0)
                                                        radius:radius
                                                    startAngle:startAngle
                                                      endAngle:endAngle
                                                     clockwise:clockwise];
    
    // 获取path
    layer.path = path.CGPath;
    layer.position = point;
    
    // 设置填充颜色为透明
    layer.fillColor = [UIColor clearColor].CGColor;
    
    // 获取曲线分段的方式
    if (lineDashPattern)
    {
        layer.lineDashPattern = lineDashPattern;
    }
    
    return layer;
}

@end

 

 

 

 

posted @ 2014-06-18 09:04  YouXianMing  阅读(18824)  评论(6编辑  收藏  举报