字符串练习

http://news.gzcc.cn/html/2017/xiaoyuanxinwen_1027/8443.html

取得校园新闻的编号

>>> s="http://news.gzcc.cn/html/2017/xiaoyuanxinwen_1027/8443.html"
>>> s[45:54]
'1027/8443'

 

https://docs.python.org/3/library/turtle.html

产生python文档的网址

>>> s1="http://docs.python.org/3/library/"
>>> s2="turtle.html"
>>> s=s1+s2
>>> print(s)
http://docs.python.org/3/library/turtle.html
>>>

 

http://news.gzcc.cn/html/xiaoyuanxinwen/4.html

产生校园新闻的一系列新闻页网址

for i in range(2,231):

"http://news.gzcc.cn/html/xiaoyuanxinwen/{}.html".format(i)

 

练习字符串内建函数:strip,lstrip,rstrip,split,count

用函数得到校园新闻编号

方法一:

str="http://news.gzcc.cn/html/2017/xiaoyuanxinwen_1027/8443.html"

>>> str.replace('_','.').split('.')[3]

 '1027/8443'

 

方法二:

>>> str = 'http://news.gzcc.cn/html/2018/xiaoyuanxinwen_1027/8443.html'

>>> print(str.rstrip('.html')[-9:])
1027/8443

 

方法三:

>>> str = 'http://news.gzcc.cn/html/2018/xiaoyuanxinwen_1027/8443.html'

>>> print(str.rstrip('.html').split('_')[1])
1027/8443

 

 

用函数统计一歌词中单词出现的次数

>>> mus="""
I'm gonna stand right here
I'm not gonna lose
But when the sky falls down
You'll find me next to you
I'm gonna stand right here
And wait for you voice
But when the worlds
You know we got no choice, hey
When you hear the sound
Of the world of war
You know that you can see is a big red sky
When you know you can't make it on your own
I will be your soldier
When you falling down and your on the fence
I will be your shield that will keep you save
When you know you can't make it on your own
I will be your soldier
When you hear the sound
Of the world of war
You know that you can see is a big red sky
When you know you can't make it on your own
I will be your soldier
When you falling down and your on the fence
I will be your shield that will keep you save
When you know you can't make it on your own
I will be your soldier
I will be your soldier
I will be your soldier"""


>>> mus.count('soldier')
6

 

将字符串分解成一个个的单词。

>>> str="http://news.gzcc.cn/html/xiaoyuanxinwen/9.html"


>>> str.split('/')
['http:', '', 'news.gzcc.cn', 'html', 'xiaoyuanxinwen', '9.html']


>>> str.split('/',1)
['http:', '/news.gzcc.cn/html/xiaoyuanxinwen/9.html']
>>>

posted @ 2018-03-21 15:51  262罗肖凤  阅读(71)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报