# iOS：使用莱文斯坦距离算法计算两串字符串的相似度

Levenshtein：莱文斯坦距离

Levenshtein的经典算法，参考http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levenshtein_distance的伪代码实现的,同时参考了一些C++的实现，求字符串相似度。

static inline int min(int a, int b) {
return a < b ? a : b;
}

+(float)likePercentByCompareOriginText:(NSString *)originText targetText:(NSString *)targetText{

//length
int n = (int)originText.length;
int m = (int)targetText.length;
if (n == 0 || m == 0) {
return 0.0;
}

//Construct a matrix, need C99 support
int N = n+1;
int **matrix;
matrix = (int **)malloc(sizeof(int *)*N);

int M = m+1;
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
matrix[i] = (int *)malloc(sizeof(int)*M);
}

for (int i = 0; i<N; i++) {
for (int j=0; j<M; j++) {
matrix[i][j]=0;
}
}

for(int i=1; i<=n; i++) {
matrix[i][0]=i;
}
for(int i=1; i<=m; i++) {
matrix[0][i]=i;
}
for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
{
unichar si = [originText characterAtIndex:i-1];
for(int j=1;j<=m;j++)
{
unichar dj = [targetText characterAtIndex:j-1];
int cost;
if(si==dj){
cost=0;
}
else{
cost=1;
}
const int above = matrix[i-1][j]+1;
const int left = matrix[i][j-1]+1;
const int diag = matrix[i-1][j-1]+cost;
matrix[i][j] = min(above, min(left,diag));
}
}
return 100.0 - 100.0*matrix[n][m]/MAX(m,n);
}

posted @ 2018-01-30 15:17  XYQ全哥  阅读(837)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报