BZOJ

# 解析

$num_i$表示$s[1…n]$所表示的数

1. $p \neq 2, p \ne 5$时，$p$$10$互质，上式可化为$num_l \equiv num_{r + 1} \ (mod \ p)$，问题变成了统计区间相同数个数，上莫队就行了（当然要离散化余数）
2. $p = 2$$p = 5$时，末位数字有规律，可以继续莫队，或者前缀和搞一搞

# 代码

#include <cstdio>
#include <iostream>
#include <cstring>
#include <algorithm>
#define MAXN 100010

typedef long long LL;
struct Query {
int l, r, id, blk;
bool operator <(const Query &q) const;
};

void prework();
void work1();
void work2();
void work3();

int N, M, P, perblock, num[MAXN], vec[MAXN];
LL pow10[MAXN], f[MAXN], g[MAXN];
char s[MAXN];
Query qry[MAXN];

int main() {
scanf("%d%s%d", &P, s + 1, &M);
N = strlen(s + 1);
if (P == 2) work1();
else if (P == 5) work2();
else work3();

return 0;
}
bool Query::operator <(const Query &q) const { return blk == q.blk ? r < q.r : blk < q.blk; }
void work1() {
for (int i = 1; i <= N; ++i) {
f[i] = f[i - 1], g[i] = g[i - 1];
if (((s[i] - '0') & 1) ^ 1) f[i] = f[i] + i, ++g[i];
}
while (M--) {
int l, r; scanf("%d%d", &l, &r);
printf("%lld\n", f[r] - f[l - 1] - (l - 1) * (g[r] - g[l - 1]));
}
}
void work2() {
for (int i = 1; i <= N; ++i) {
f[i] = f[i - 1], g[i] = g[i - 1];
if (s[i] == '0' || s[i] == '5') f[i] = f[i] + i, ++g[i];
}
while (M--) {
int l, r; scanf("%d%d", &l, &r);
printf("%lld\n", f[r] - f[l - 1] - (l - 1) * (g[r] - g[l - 1]));
}
}
void prework() {
while (perblock * perblock <= N) ++perblock;
pow10[0] = 1;
for (int i = 1; i <= N; ++i) pow10[i] = pow10[i - 1] * 10 % P;
for (int i = N; i; --i) num[i] = ((LL)num[i + 1] + (s[i] - '0') * pow10[N - i] % P) % P;
for (int i = 1; i <= N; ++i) vec[i - 1] = num[i];
std::sort(vec, vec + N + 1);//注意要把N+1位置的0一起离散化
int tot = std::unique(vec, vec + N + 1) - vec;
for (int i = 1; i <= N + 1; ++i)
num[i] = std::lower_bound(vec, vec + tot, num[i]) - vec;
for (int i = 0; i < M; ++i) {
scanf("%d%d", &qry[i].l, &qry[i].r);
qry[i].id = i;
++qry[i].r;
qry[i].blk = (qry[i].l - 1) / perblock;
}
std::sort(qry, qry + M);
}
void work3() {
prework();
LL cur = 0;
for (int i = 0, l = 1, r = 0; i < M; ++i) {
while (r < qry[i].r) ++r, cur += g[num[r]], ++g[num[r]];
while (l > qry[i].l) --l, cur += g[num[l]], ++g[num[l]];
while (r > qry[i].r) --g[num[r]], cur -= g[num[r]], --r;
while (l < qry[i].l) --g[num[l]], cur -= g[num[l]], ++l;
f[qry[i].id] = cur;
}
for (int i = 0; i < M; ++i) printf("%lld\n", f[i]);
}
//Rhein_E

posted @ 2019-03-21 18:33  Rhein_E  阅读(154)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报