将Sublime Text 2配置为C#代码编辑器(附配置文件)

  有时候我们需要编写一些小的代码片段时,在Visual Studio中创建一个工程就显得有点杀鸡用牛刀的感觉了,所有说对于一个程序员来说一款轻巧的代码编辑器还是很有必要的。原来我用的主要的Notepad++,直到发现了Sublime Text 2,这是一款非常优秀的编辑器,用ST2写代码有种非常流畅的感觉,就像是原来刚使用Chrome浏览器的时候(不过现在已经越来越笨重了),ST2是收费软件,但是可以无限试用的,现在已经出了ST3了,不过还是测试版。同时ST2具有很强的扩展性,有很多的插件可供使用。ST2支持多种编程语言,不过对C#的支持不是太好,想要作为一款C#代码编辑器还需要自己手动改造一番。

 

1.格式化代码和设置字体

  ST2其实自带了代码格式化的功能,不过没有提供相应的快捷键,选中需要格式化的区域之后,使用方式如下:

     

在这里我们可以自己定义快捷键,在菜单栏中打开 Perferences ——> Key Bindings-User,输入:

 {"keys": ["ctrl+shift+r"], "command": "reindent" , "args": {"single_line": false}}

 

同时我们也可以设置字体和大小,在菜单栏中打开 Perferences ——> Key Settings-User,输入:

{
    "font_face": "Source Code Pro",
    "font_size": 13
}

 

2.配置C#编译器

  ST2支持对编译器的调用,但没有对C#编译器提供内置支持,需要我们自行进行配置。

注意:进行配置前,需要向先将编译器(csc.exe)所在路径添加到环境变量中。参考:通过控制台调用C#编译器

新建编译器选项

  选择菜单栏中的 Tools ——> Build System ——> New Build System,输入:

1 {
2      "cmd": ["csc", "$file"],
3      "file_regex": "^(...*?):([0-9]*):?([0-9]*)",
4      "selector": "source.cs",
5      "encoding": "cp936"
6 }

另存为ST2程序目录的Packages/User文件夹下面,文件名为:C#.sublime-build,如下:

     

编辑好C#代码文件后,输入Ctrl + B,编译代码,如下:

     

编译后直接运行程序

   如果我们需要不仅仅只是编译程序,还需要直接运行程序并且获取控制台的输出结果,我们还需要对上面的配置进行改造。

1.创建RunCSharp.bat文件

  在C#编译器所在目录(32机器下在:C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework 目录下,有各版本的C#编译器)下创建一个RunCSharp.bat文件,内容如下:

 1 @ECHO OFF
 2 cd %~dp1
 3 ECHO Compiling %~nx1.......
 4 IF EXIST %~n1.exe (
 5 DEL %~n1.exe
 6 )
 7 csc %~nx1
 8 IF EXIST %~n1.exe (
 9 ECHO -----------OUTPUT-----------
10 %~n1
11 )

 

2.修改C#.sublime-build文件

  要实现编译器后运行的效果我们需要修改前面创建的build文件,修改后内容如下:

1 {
2      "cmd": ["RunCSharp.bat", "$file"],
3      "file_regex": "^(...*?):([0-9]*):?([0-9]*)",
4      "selector": "source.cs",
5      "encoding": "cp936"
6 }

 

3.编译并运行程序

  和前面一样,编写好代码后,键入Ctrl + B编译运行,在输出栏中查看控制台输入结果:

     

 

3.为C#代码添加注释功能

  C#中的注释快捷键是无效的,这是因为Packages文件夹中缺少了定义注释行为的文件。打开Packages,在C#文件夹中添加一个名为:Comments.tmPreferences文件,输入如下内容:

View Code
 1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 2 <!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
 3 <plist version="1.0">
 4 <dict>
 5     <key>name</key>
 6     <string>Comments</string>
 7     <key>scope</key>
 8     <string>source.cs</string>
 9     <key>settings</key>
10     <dict>
11         <key>shellVariables</key>
12         <array>
13             <dict>
14                 <key>name</key>
15                 <string>TM_COMMENT_START</string>
16                 <key>value</key>
17                 <string>// </string>
18             </dict>
19             <dict>
20                 <key>name</key>
21                 <string>TM_COMMENT_START_2</string>
22                 <key>value</key>
23                 <string>/*</string>
24             </dict>
25             <dict>
26                 <key>name</key>
27                 <string>TM_COMMENT_END_2</string>
28                 <key>value</key>
29                 <string>*/</string>
30             </dict>
31         </array>
32     </dict>
33     <key>uuid</key>
34     <string>FBA964F9-2013-44D1-A5FD-AE8AB3FF8954</string>
35 </dict>
36 </plist>

添加注释文件后,就可以为C#代码添加注释了,可以使用菜单,也可以使用相应的快捷键,如下:

     

 

4.添加C#关键字

  编程语言的关键字在ST2中是高亮显示的,对于ST2我们需要自己定义一下关键字,例如:virtual,var等,这时我们需要修改Packages文件夹中的C#文件夹的C#.tmLanguage文件,修改后文件的内容如下:

View Code
  1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
  2 <!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
  3 <plist version="1.0">
  4 <dict>
  5     <key>fileTypes</key>
  6     <array>
  7         <string>cs</string>
  8     </array>
  9     <key>foldingStartMarker</key>
 10     <string>^\s*/\*|^(?![^{]*?//|[^{]*?/\*(?!.*?\*/.*?\{)).*?\{\s*($|//|/\*(?!.*?\*/.*\S))</string>
 11     <key>foldingStopMarker</key>
 12     <string>^\s*\*/|^\s*\}</string>
 13     <key>keyEquivalent</key>
 14     <string>^~C</string>
 15     <key>name</key>
 16     <string>C#</string>
 17     <key>patterns</key>
 18     <array>
 19         <dict>
 20             <key>begin</key>
 21             <string>///</string>
 22             <key>captures</key>
 23             <dict>
 24                 <key>0</key>
 25                 <dict>
 26                     <key>name</key>
 27                     <string>punctuation.definition.comment.source.cs</string>
 28                 </dict>
 29             </dict>
 30             <key>end</key>
 31             <string>$\n?</string>
 32             <key>name</key>
 33             <string>comment.block.documentation.source.cs</string>
 34             <key>patterns</key>
 35             <array>
 36                 <dict>
 37                     <key>begin</key>
 38                     <string>(&lt;/?)(?:([-_a-zA-Z0-9]+)((:)))?([-_a-zA-Z0-9:]+)</string>
 39                     <key>captures</key>
 40                     <dict>
 41                         <key>1</key>
 42                         <dict>
 43                             <key>name</key>
 44                             <string>punctuation.definition.tag.source.cs</string>
 45                         </dict>
 46                         <key>2</key>
 47                         <dict>
 48                             <key>name</key>
 49                             <string>entity.name.tag.namespace.source.cs</string>
 50                         </dict>
 51                         <key>3</key>
 52                         <dict>
 53                             <key>name</key>
 54                             <string>entity.name.tag.source.cs</string>
 55                         </dict>
 56                         <key>4</key>
 57                         <dict>
 58                             <key>name</key>
 59                             <string>punctuation.separator.namespace.source.cs</string>
 60                         </dict>
 61                         <key>5</key>
 62                         <dict>
 63                             <key>name</key>
 64                             <string>entity.name.tag.localname.source.cs</string>
 65                         </dict>
 66                     </dict>
 67                     <key>end</key>
 68                     <string>(/?&gt;)</string>
 69                     <key>name</key>
 70                     <string>keyword.other.documentation.source.cs</string>
 71                     <key>patterns</key>
 72                     <array>
 73                         <dict>
 74                             <key>captures</key>
 75                             <dict>
 76                                 <key>1</key>
 77                                 <dict>
 78                                     <key>name</key>
 79                                     <string>entity.other.attribute-name.namespace.source.cs</string>
 80                                 </dict>
 81                                 <key>2</key>
 82                                 <dict>
 83                                     <key>name</key>
 84                                     <string>entity.other.attribute-name.source.cs</string>
 85                                 </dict>
 86                                 <key>3</key>
 87                                 <dict>
 88                                     <key>name</key>
 89                                     <string>punctuation.separator.namespace.source.cs</string>
 90                                 </dict>
 91                                 <key>4</key>
 92                                 <dict>
 93                                     <key>name</key>
 94                                     <string>entity.other.attribute-name.localname.source.cs</string>
 95                                 </dict>
 96                             </dict>
 97                             <key>match</key>
 98                             <string> (?:([-_a-zA-Z0-9]+)((:)))?([_a-zA-Z-]+)=</string>
 99                         </dict>
100                         <dict>
101                             <key>include</key>
102                             <string>#doubleQuotedString</string>
103                         </dict>
104                         <dict>
105                             <key>include</key>
106                             <string>#singleQuotedString</string>
107                         </dict>
108                     </array>
109                 </dict>
110             </array>
111         </dict>
112         <dict>
113             <key>include</key>
114             <string>#comments</string>
115         </dict>
116         <dict>
117             <key>begin</key>
118             <string>(?x)^\s*
119 ((?:\b(?:new|public|protected|internal|private|abstract|sealed|static)\b\s)*)
120 (class)\s+
121 ([A-Za-z_]\w+)\b</string>
122             <key>captures</key>
123             <dict>
124                 <key>1</key>
125                 <dict>
126                     <key>name</key>
127                     <string>storage.modifier.source.cs</string>
128                 </dict>
129                 <key>2</key>
130                 <dict>
131                     <key>name</key>
132                     <string>storage.type.source.cs</string>
133                 </dict>
134                 <key>3</key>
135                 <dict>
136                     <key>name</key>
137                     <string>entity.name.type.class.source.cs</string>
138                 </dict>
139             </dict>
140             <key>end</key>
141             <string>{</string>
142             <key>name</key>
143             <string>meta.definition.class.source.cs</string>
144             <key>patterns</key>
145             <array>
146                 <dict>
147                     <key>include</key>
148                     <string>#classInheritance</string>
149                 </dict>
150             </array>
151         </dict>
152         <!--
153         Disabled because it causes some lines to be interpreted incorrectly, for example:
154             else if (c == ')')
155         --->
156         <!--
157         <dict>
158             <key>begin</key>
159             <string>(?x)^\s*                                                                                # start of line
160 ((?:\b(?:new|public|protected|internal|private|static|virtual|sealed|override|abstract|extern)\b\s*)*)         # method-modifiers
161 \b((?:\w+\.)*[A-Za-z_]\w*)\b\s*                                                                                  # type
162 (operator)\s+                                                                                                  # operator overload
163 ((?:\+|-|!|~|\+\+|--|true|false|\*|/|%|\&amp;|\||\^|&lt;&lt;|&gt;&gt;|==|!=|&lt;|&gt;|&lt;=|&gt;=)\s*)                                      # operator name
164 (?=\()</string>
165             <key>captures</key>
166             <dict>
167                 <key>1</key>
168                 <dict>
169                     <key>name</key>
170                     <string>storage.modifier.source.cs</string>
171                 </dict>
172                 <key>2</key>
173                 <dict>
174                     <key>name</key>
175                     <string>storage.type.source.cs</string>
176                 </dict>
177                 <key>3</key>
178                 <dict>
179                     <key>name</key>
180                     <string>storage.modifier.source.cs</string>
181                 </dict>
182                 <key>4</key>
183                 <dict>
184                     <key>name</key>
185                     <string>entity.name.function.source.cs</string>
186                 </dict>
187             </dict>
188             <key>end</key>
189             <string>\)</string>
190             <key>name</key>
191             <string>meta.definition.operator.source.cs</string>
192             <key>patterns</key>
193             <array>
194                 <dict>
195                     <key>include</key>
196                     <string>#statementRemainder</string>
197                 </dict>
198             </array>
199         </dict>
200         <dict>
201             <key>begin</key>
202             <string>(?x)^\s*                                                                            # start of line
203 ((?:\b(?:new|public|protected|internal|private|static|virtual|sealed|override|abstract|extern)\b\s*)*)     # method-modifiers
204 \b((?:\w+\.)*[A-Za-z_]\w*)\b\s*                                                                              # type
205 ([A-Za-z_]\w*)\s*                                                                                             # name
206 (?=\()</string>
207             <key>captures</key>
208             <dict>
209                 <key>1</key>
210                 <dict>
211                     <key>name</key>
212                     <string>storage.modifier.source.cs</string>
213                 </dict>
214                 <key>2</key>
215                 <dict>
216                     <key>name</key>
217                     <string>storage.type.source.cs</string>
218                 </dict>
219                 <key>3</key>
220                 <dict>
221                     <key>name</key>
222                     <string>entity.name.function.source.cs</string>
223                 </dict>
224             </dict>
225             <key>end</key>
226             <string>\)</string>
227             <key>name</key>
228             <string>meta.definition.method.source.cs</string>
229             <key>patterns</key>
230             <array>
231                 <dict>
232                     <key>include</key>
233                     <string>#statementRemainder</string>
234                 </dict>
235             </array>
236         </dict>
237         -->
238         <dict>
239             <key>match</key>
240             <string>\b(true|false|null|this|base)\b</string>
241             <key>name</key>
242             <string>constant.language.source.cs</string>
243         </dict>
244         <dict>
245             <key>match</key>
246             <string>\b((0(x|X)[0-9a-fA-F]*)|(([0-9]+\.?[0-9]*)|(\.[0-9]+))((e|E)(\+|-)?[0-9]+)?)(L|l|UL|ul|u|U|F|f|ll|LL|ull|ULL)?\b</string>
247             <key>name</key>
248             <string>constant.numeric.source.cs</string>
249         </dict>
250         <dict>
251             <key>match</key>
252             <string>\b(if|else|while|for|foreach|do|return|continue|break|switch|case|default|goto|throw|try|catch|finally|lock|yield)\b</string>
253             <key>name</key>
254             <string>keyword.control.source.cs</string>
255         </dict>
256         <dict>
257             <key>match</key>
258             <string>\b(new|is|checked|unchecked|typeof|sizeof|override|in|out|ref|readonly|params|stackalloc|as)\b</string>
259             <key>name</key>
260             <string>keyword.operator.source.cs</string>
261         </dict>
262         <dict>
263             <key>match</key>
264             <string>\b(event|delegate|explicit|implicit|in|set|get)\b</string>
265             <key>name</key>
266             <string>keyword.other.source.cs</string>
267         </dict>
268         <dict>
269             <key>match</key>
270             <string>\b(internal|public|protected|private|static|const|new|sealed|abstract|virtual|override|extern|unsafe|readonly|volatile|operator)\b</string>
271             <key>name</key>
272             <string>storage.modifier.source.cs</string>
273         </dict>
274         <dict>
275             <key>include</key>
276             <string>#doubleQuotedStringLiteral</string>
277         </dict>
278         <dict>
279             <key>include</key>
280             <string>#doubleQuotedString</string>
281         </dict>
282         <dict>
283             <key>include</key>
284             <string>#singleQuotedString</string>
285         </dict>
286         <dict>
287             <key>captures</key>
288             <dict>
289                 <key>1</key>
290                 <dict>
291                     <key>name</key>
292                     <string>keyword.other.using.source.cs</string>
293                 </dict>
294                 <key>2</key>
295                 <dict>
296                     <key>name</key>
297                     <string>entity.name.type.package.source.cs</string>
298                 </dict>
299             </dict>
300             <key>match</key>
301             <string>^\s*(using)\s+([^ ;]*);</string>
302             <key>name</key>
303             <string>meta.keyword.using.source.cs</string>
304         </dict>
305         <dict>
306             <key>include</key>
307             <string>#builtinTypes</string>
308         </dict>
309         <dict>
310             <key>captures</key>
311             <dict>
312                 <key>1</key>
313                 <dict>
314                     <key>name</key>
315                     <string>keyword.other.namespace.source.cs</string>
316                 </dict>
317                 <key>2</key>
318                 <dict>
319                     <key>name</key>
320                     <string>entity.name.type.namespace.source.cs</string>
321                 </dict>
322             </dict>
323             <key>match</key>
324             <string>^\s*(namespace)\s+([^ ]+)(?:\s*{)?$</string>
325             <key>name</key>
326             <string>meta.keyword.namespace.source.cs</string>
327         </dict>
328         <dict>
329             <key>captures</key>
330             <dict>
331                 <key>2</key>
332                 <dict>
333                     <key>name</key>
334                     <string>keyword.control.import.source.cs</string>
335                 </dict>
336             </dict>
337             <key>match</key>
338             <string>^(#)\s*(if|else|elif|endif|define|undef|warning|error|line|region|endregion)\b</string>
339             <key>name</key>
340             <string>meta.preprocessor.source.cs</string>
341         </dict>
342     </array>
343     <key>repository</key>
344     <dict>
345         <key>builtinTypes</key>
346         <dict>
347             <key>patterns</key>
348             <array>
349                 <dict>
350                     <key>match</key>
351                     <string>\b(bool|byte|sbyte|char|decimal|double|float|int|uint|long|ulong|object|short|ushort|string|void|class|struct|enum|interface|var|from|where|select|group|into|orderby|join|let|ascending|descending|on|by)\b</string>
352                     <key>name</key>
353                     <string>storage.type.source.cs</string>
354                 </dict>
355             </array>
356         </dict>
357         <key>classInheritance</key>
358         <dict>
359             <key>patterns</key>
360             <array>
361                 <dict>
362                     <key>begin</key>
363                     <string>:</string>
364                     <key>end</key>
365                     <string>(?={)</string>
366                     <key>patterns</key>
367                     <array>
368                         <dict>
369                             <key>captures</key>
370                             <dict>
371                                 <key>1</key>
372                                 <dict>
373                                     <key>name</key>
374                                     <string>storage.type.source.cs</string>
375                                 </dict>
376                             </dict>
377                             <key>match</key>
378                             <string>\s*,?([A-Za-z_]\w*)\b</string>
379                         </dict>
380                     </array>
381                 </dict>
382             </array>
383         </dict>
384         <key>comments</key>
385         <dict>
386             <key>patterns</key>
387             <array>
388                 <dict>
389                     <key>begin</key>
390                     <string>/\*</string>
391                     <key>captures</key>
392                     <dict>
393                         <key>0</key>
394                         <dict>
395                             <key>name</key>
396                             <string>punctuation.definition.comment.source.cs</string>
397                         </dict>
398                     </dict>
399                     <key>end</key>
400                     <string>\*/\n?</string>
401                     <key>name</key>
402                     <string>comment.block.source.cs</string>
403                 </dict>
404                 <dict>
405                     <key>captures</key>
406                     <dict>
407                         <key>1</key>
408                         <dict>
409                             <key>name</key>
410                             <string>punctuation.definition.comment.source.cs</string>
411                         </dict>
412                     </dict>
413                     <key>match</key>
414                     <string>(//).*$\n?</string>
415                     <key>name</key>
416                     <string>comment.line.double-slash.source.cs</string>
417                 </dict>
418             </array>
419         </dict>
420         <key>doubleQuotedString</key>
421         <dict>
422             <key>begin</key>
423             <string>"</string>
424             <key>beginCaptures</key>
425             <dict>
426                 <key>0</key>
427                 <dict>
428                     <key>name</key>
429                     <string>punctuation.definition.string.begin.source.cs</string>
430                 </dict>
431             </dict>
432             <key>end</key>
433             <string>"</string>
434             <key>endCaptures</key>
435             <dict>
436                 <key>0</key>
437                 <dict>
438                     <key>name</key>
439                     <string>punctuation.definition.string.end.source.cs</string>
440                 </dict>
441             </dict>
442             <key>name</key>
443             <string>string.quoted.double.source.cs</string>
444             <key>patterns</key>
445             <array>
446                 <dict>
447                     <key>match</key>
448                     <string>\\.</string>
449                     <key>name</key>
450                     <string>constant.character.escape.source.cs</string>
451                 </dict>
452             </array>
453         </dict>
454         <key>doubleQuotedStringLiteral</key>
455         <dict>
456             <key>captures</key>
457             <dict>
458                 <key>0</key>
459                 <dict>
460                     <key>name</key>
461                     <string>punctuation.definition.string.begin.source.cs</string>
462                 </dict>
463             </dict>
464             <key>match</key>
465             <string>@"([^"]|"")*"</string>
466             <key>name</key>
467             <string>string.quoted.double.literal.source.cs</string>
468         </dict>
469         <key>singleQuotedString</key>
470         <dict>
471             <key>begin</key>
472             <string>'</string>
473             <key>beginCaptures</key>
474             <dict>
475                 <key>0</key>
476                 <dict>
477                     <key>name</key>
478                     <string>punctuation.definition.string.begin.source.cs</string>
479                 </dict>
480             </dict>
481             <key>end</key>
482             <string>'</string>
483             <key>endCaptures</key>
484             <dict>
485                 <key>0</key>
486                 <dict>
487                     <key>name</key>
488                     <string>punctuation.definition.string.end.source.cs</string>
489                 </dict>
490             </dict>
491             <key>name</key>
492             <string>string.quoted.single.xml</string>
493             <key>patterns</key>
494             <array>
495                 <dict>
496                     <key>match</key>
497                     <string>\\.</string>
498                     <key>name</key>
499                     <string>constant.character.escape.source.cs</string>
500                 </dict>
501             </array>
502         </dict>
503         <key>statementRemainder</key>
504         <dict>
505             <key>patterns</key>
506             <array>
507                 <dict>
508                     <key>begin</key>
509                     <string>\(</string>
510                     <key>end</key>
511                     <string>(?=\))</string>
512                     <key>name</key>
513                     <string>meta.definition.param-list.source.cs</string>
514                     <key>patterns</key>
515                     <array>
516                         <dict>
517                             <key>include</key>
518                             <string>#builtinTypes</string>
519                         </dict>
520                     </array>
521                 </dict>
522             </array>
523         </dict>
524     </dict>
525     <key>scopeName</key>
526     <string>source.cs</string>
527     <key>uuid</key>
528     <string>1BA75B32-707C-11D9-A928-000D93589AF6</string>
529 </dict>
530 </plist>

 

5.添加新的代码片段

  对于一些常用的代码片段,我们不需要每次都手动输入一遍,可以将它们配置问代码片段,减少手动代码输入量,效果类似于Visual Studio的智能提示,如下:

  

添加新的代码片段只需要在Packages中的C#文件夹中增加以.sublime-snippet为后缀的文件,内容如下:

<snippet>
    <content><![CDATA[System.Collections.Generic]]></content>--插入的内容
    <tabTrigger>S.C.G</tabTrigger>--快捷键
    <scope>source.cs</scope>--源码匹配
    <description>System.Collections.Generic</description>--说明
</snippet>

 

6.修改字体大小

 

 

配置文件下载C#.zip (将所有文件复制Packages文件夹下的C#文件夹即可,配置文件包括常用的代码片段,注释配置,和关键字的定义。)

参考资料&进一步阅读

http://www.oschina.net/translate/compile-and-run-java-programs-in-sublime-text-2?cmp

http://www.ueder.net/2012/03/08/%E4%BB%8Enotepad-%E5%88%B0-sublime-text2/

http://www.cnblogs.com/leecanz/archive/2012/03/04/2379446.html

http://www.cnblogs.com/xiaowu/archive/2012/08/27/2658534.html

posted @ 2013-05-02 11:56  gyzhao  阅读(10548)  评论(64编辑  收藏  举报