前端调用本地摄像头实现拍照(vue)

由于调用摄像头有使用权限,只能在本地运行,线上需用https域名才可以使用。

<template>
  <div class="camera_outer">
    <video
      id="videoCamera"
      :width="videoWidth"
      :height="videoHeight"
      autoplay
    ></video>
    <canvas
      style="display: none"
      id="canvasCamera"
      :width="videoWidth"
      :height="videoHeight"
    ></canvas>
    <div v-if="imgSrc" class="img_bg_camera">
      <img :src="imgSrc" alt="" class="tx_img" />
    </div>
    <button @click="getCompetence()">打开摄像头</button>
    <button @click="stopNavigator()">关闭摄像头</button>
    <button @click="setImage()">拍照</button>
  </div>
</template>
  <script>
export default {
  data() {
    return {
      videoWidth: 300,
      videoHeight: 300,
      imgSrc: "",
      thisCancas: null,
      thisContext: null,
      thisVideo: null,
    };
  },
  mounted() {
    this.getCompetence();
  },
  methods: {
    // 调用权限(打开摄像头功能)
    getCompetence() {
      var _this = this;
      this.thisCancas = document.getElementById("canvasCamera");
      this.thisContext = this.thisCancas.getContext("2d");
      this.thisVideo = document.getElementById("videoCamera");
      // 旧版本浏览器可能根本不支持mediaDevices,我们首先设置一个空对象
      if (navigator.mediaDevices === undefined) {
        navigator.mediaDevices = {};
      }
      // 一些浏览器实现了部分mediaDevices,我们不能只分配一个对象
      // 使用getUserMedia,因为它会覆盖现有的属性。
      // 这里,如果缺少getUserMedia属性,就添加它。
      if (navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia === undefined) {
        navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia = function (constraints) {
          // 首先获取现存的getUserMedia(如果存在)
          var getUserMedia =
            navigator.webkitGetUserMedia ||
            navigator.mozGetUserMedia ||
            navigator.getUserMedia;
          // 有些浏览器不支持,会返回错误信息
          // 保持接口一致
          if (!getUserMedia) {
            return Promise.reject(
              new Error("getUserMedia is not implemented in this browser")
            );
          }
          // 否则,使用Promise将调用包装到旧的navigator.getUserMedia
          return new Promise(function (resolve, reject) {
            getUserMedia.call(navigator, constraints, resolve, reject);
          });
        };
      }
      var constraints = {
        audio: false,
        video: {
          width: this.videoWidth,
          height: this.videoHeight,
          transform: "scaleX(-1)",
        },
      };
      navigator.mediaDevices
        .getUserMedia(constraints)
        .then(function (stream) {
          // 旧的浏览器可能没有srcObject
          if ("srcObject" in _this.thisVideo) {
            _this.thisVideo.srcObject = stream;
          } else {
            // 避免在新的浏览器中使用它,因为它正在被弃用。
            _this.thisVideo.src = window.URL.createObjectURL(stream);
          }
          _this.thisVideo.onloadedmetadata = function (e) {
            _this.thisVideo.play();
          };
        })
        .catch((err) => {
          console.log(err);
        });
    },
    //  绘制图片(拍照功能)
    setImage() {
      var _this = this;
      // 点击,canvas画图
      _this.thisContext.drawImage(
        _this.thisVideo,
        0,
        0,
        _this.videoWidth,
        _this.videoHeight
      );
      // 获取图片base64链接
      var image = this.thisCancas.toDataURL("image/png");
      _this.imgSrc = image;
      this.$emit("refreshDataList", this.imgSrc);
    },
    // base64转文件
    dataURLtoFile(dataurl, filename) {
      var arr = dataurl.split(",");
      var mime = arr[0].match(/:(.*?);/)[1];
      var bstr = atob(arr[1]);
      var n = bstr.length;
      var u8arr = new Uint8Array(n);
      while (n--) {
        u8arr[n] = bstr.charCodeAt(n);
      }
      return new File([u8arr], filename, { type: mime });
    },
    // 关闭摄像头
    stopNavigator() {
      this.thisVideo.srcObject.getTracks()[0].stop();
    },
  },
};
</script>
  <style lang="scss" scoped>
.camera_outer {
  position: relative;
  overflow: hidden;
  background-size: 100%;
  video,
  canvas,
  .tx_img {
    -moz-transform: scaleX(-1);
    -webkit-transform: scaleX(-1);
    -o-transform: scaleX(-1);
    transform: scaleX(-1);
  }
  .btn_camera {
    position: absolute;
    bottom: 4px;
    left: 0;
    right: 0;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);
    line-height: 50px;
    text-align: center;
    color: #ffffff;
  }
  .bg_r_img {
    position: absolute;
    bottom: 0;
    left: 0;
    right: 0;
    top: 0;
  }
  .img_bg_camera {
    position: absolute;
    right: 0;
    top: 0;
    img {
      width: 300px;
      height: 300px;
    }
    .img_btn_camera {
      position: absolute;
      bottom: 0;
      left: 0;
      right: 0;
      height: 50px;
      line-height: 50px;
      text-align: center;
      background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);
      color: #ffffff;
      .loding_img {
        width: 50px;
        height: 50px;
      }
    }
  }
}
</style>
posted @ 2019-11-15 12:22  Allen-沐风  阅读(15666)  评论(11编辑  收藏  举报