《(学习笔记)两天进步一点点》(3)——应用BindingSource实现数据同步

 

下面的代码示例演示如何使用 BindingSource 组件,将三个控件(两个文本框控件和一个 DataGridView 控件)绑定到 DataSet 中的同一列。
该示例演示如何处理 BindingComplete 事件,并确保当一个文本框的文本值更改时,会用正确的值更新其他文本框和 DataGridView 控件。

数据同步

// Declare the controls to be used.
private BindingSource bindingSource1;
private TextBox textBox1;
private TextBox textBox2;
private DataGridView dataGridView1;

private void InitializeControlsAndDataSource()
{
// Initialize the controls and set location, size and
// other basic properties.
this.dataGridView1 = new DataGridView();
this.bindingSource1 = new BindingSource();
this.textBox1 = new TextBox();
this.textBox2 = new TextBox();
this.dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode =
DataGridViewColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode.AutoSize;
this.dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Top;
this.dataGridView1.Location = new Point(0, 0);
this.dataGridView1.Size = new Size(292, 150);
this.textBox1.Location = new Point(132, 156);
this.textBox1.Size = new Size(100, 20);
this.textBox2.Location = new Point(12, 156);
this.textBox2.Size = new Size(100, 20);
this.ClientSize = new Size(292, 266);
this.Controls.Add(this.textBox2);
this.Controls.Add(this.textBox1);
this.Controls.Add(this.dataGridView1);

// Declare the DataSet and add a table and column.
DataSet set1 = new DataSet();
set1.Tables.Add(
"Menu");
set1.Tables[
0].Columns.Add("Beverages");

// Add some rows to the table.
set1.Tables[0].Rows.Add("coffee");
set1.Tables[
0].Rows.Add("tea");
set1.Tables[
0].Rows.Add("hot chocolate");
set1.Tables[
0].Rows.Add("milk");
set1.Tables[
0].Rows.Add("orange juice");

// Set the data source to the DataSet.
bindingSource1.DataSource = set1;

//Set the DataMember to the Menu table.
bindingSource1.DataMember = "Menu";

// Add the control data bindings.
dataGridView1.DataSource = bindingSource1;
textBox1.DataBindings.Add(
"Text", bindingSource1,
"Beverages", true, DataSourceUpdateMode.OnPropertyChanged);
textBox2.DataBindings.Add(
"Text", bindingSource1,
"Beverages", true, DataSourceUpdateMode.OnPropertyChanged);
bindingSource1.BindingComplete
+=
new BindingCompleteEventHandler(bindingSource1_BindingComplete);
}

private void bindingSource1_BindingComplete(object sender, BindingCompleteEventArgs e)
{
// Check if the data source has been updated, and that no error has occured.
if (e.BindingCompleteContext ==
BindingCompleteContext.DataSourceUpdate
&& e.Exception == null)

// If not, end the current edit.
e.Binding.BindingManagerBase.EndCurrentEdit();
}


 



 

//************************************************
如何:使用 BindingSource 组件跨窗体共享绑定数据
//************************************************

 

使用 BindingSource 组件跨窗体共享绑定数据

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Data;

namespace BindingSourceMultipleForms
{
public class MainForm : Form
{
public MainForm()
{
this.Load += new EventHandler(MainForm_Load);
}

private BindingSource bindingSource1;
private Button button1;

private void MainForm_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
InitializeData();
}

private void InitializeData()
{
bindingSource1
= new System.Windows.Forms.BindingSource();

// Handle the BindingComplete event to ensure the two forms
// remain synchronized.
bindingSource1.BindingComplete +=
new BindingCompleteEventHandler(bindingSource1_BindingComplete);
ClientSize
= new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
DataSet dataset1
= new DataSet();

// Some xml data to populate the DataSet with.
string musicXml =
"<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>" +
"<music>" +
"<recording><artist>Dave Matthews</artist>" +
"<cd>Under the Table and Dreaming</cd>" +
"<releaseDate>1994</releaseDate><rating>3.5</rating></recording>" +
"<recording><artist>Coldplay</artist><cd>X&amp;Y</cd>" +
"<releaseDate>2005</releaseDate><rating>4</rating></recording>" +
"<recording><artist>Dave Matthews</artist>" +
"<cd>Live at Red Rocks</cd>" +
"<releaseDate>1997</releaseDate><rating>4</rating></recording>" +
"<recording><artist>U2</artist>" +
"<cd>Joshua Tree</cd><releaseDate>1987</releaseDate>" +
"<rating>5</rating></recording>" +
"<recording><artist>U2</artist>" +
"<cd>How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb</cd>" +
"<releaseDate>2004</releaseDate><rating>4.5</rating></recording>" +
"<recording><artist>Natalie Merchant</artist>" +
"<cd>Tigerlily</cd><releaseDate>1995</releaseDate>" +
"<rating>3.5</rating></recording>" +
"</music>";

// Read the xml.
System.IO.StringReader reader = new System.IO.StringReader(musicXml);
dataset1.ReadXml(reader);

// Get a DataView of the table contained in the dataset.
DataTableCollection tables = dataset1.Tables;
DataView view1
= new DataView(tables[0]);

// Create a DataGridView control and add it to the form.
DataGridView datagridview1 = new DataGridView();
datagridview1.ReadOnly
= true;
datagridview1.AutoGenerateColumns
= true;
datagridview1.Width
= 300;
this.Controls.Add(datagridview1);
bindingSource1.DataSource
= view1;
datagridview1.DataSource
= bindingSource1;
datagridview1.Columns.Remove(
"artist");
datagridview1.Columns.Remove(
"releaseDate");

// Create and add a button to the form.
button1 = new Button();
button1.AutoSize
= true;
button1.Text
= "Show/Edit Details";
this.Controls.Add(button1);
button1.Location
= new Point(50, 200);
button1.Click
+= new EventHandler(button1_Click);
}

// Handle the BindingComplete event to ensure the two forms
// remain synchronized.
private void bindingSource1_BindingComplete(object sender, BindingCompleteEventArgs e)
{
if (e.BindingCompleteContext == BindingCompleteContext.DataSourceUpdate
&& e.Exception == null)
e.Binding.BindingManagerBase.EndCurrentEdit();
}

// The detailed form will be shown when the button is clicked.
private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
DetailForm detailForm
= new DetailForm(bindingSource1);
detailForm.Show();
}

[STAThread]
static void Main()
{
Application.EnableVisualStyles();
Application.Run(
new MainForm());
}
}

// The detail form class.
public class DetailForm : Form
{
private BindingSource formDataSource;

// The constructor takes a BindingSource object.
public DetailForm(BindingSource dataSource)
{
formDataSource
= dataSource;
this.ClientSize = new Size(240, 200);
TextBox textBox1
= new TextBox();
this.Text = "Selection Details";
textBox1.Width
= 220;
TextBox textBox2
= new TextBox();
TextBox textBox3
= new TextBox();
TextBox textBox4
= new TextBox();
textBox4.Width
= 30;
textBox3.Width
= 50;

// Associate each text box with a column from the data source.
textBox1.DataBindings.Add("Text", formDataSource, "cd", true, DataSourceUpdateMode.OnPropertyChanged);

textBox2.DataBindings.Add(
"Text", formDataSource, "artist", true);
textBox3.DataBindings.Add(
"Text", formDataSource, "releaseDate", true);
textBox4.DataBindings.Add(
"Text", formDataSource, "rating", true);
textBox1.Location
= new Point(10, 10);
textBox2.Location
= new Point(10, 40);
textBox3.Location
= new Point(10, 80);
textBox4.Location
= new Point(10, 120);
this.Controls.AddRange(new Control[] { textBox1, textBox2, textBox3, textBox4 });
}

}
}

 

 

 




posted @ 2010-08-13 04:00 把爱延续 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏