CentOS6.3+mono3.0.3+nginx1.2.6配置流程

[坑爹的mono] 

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资源下载地址:

mono:https://wrench.mono-project.com/Wrench/

xsp:https://github.com/mono/xsp

pcre:ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/

nginx:http://nginx.org/en/download.html

全部下载最新版本即可,文件有四个,它们是:

mono-3.0.3.tar.bz2

xsp-master.zip

pcre-8.32.tar.bz2

nginx-1.2.6.tar.gz

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CentOS6.3安装后默认关闭网络,先打开:

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

 

修改两地方,如下所示:

NM_CONTROLLED="no"

ONBOOT="yes"

 

保存后执行:

/etc/init.d/network restart

 

然后要打开80端口:

/sbin/iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT

/etc/init.d/iptables save

/etc/init.d/iptables restart

 

首先要说明一下为什么选择源代码编译安装,是为了体验最新的mono功能,特别是EntityFamework和Mvc4。

至于nginx有点特别,如果使用rpm包安装,会导至fastcgi-mono-server运行不起来,这个问题纠结了我一个星期.

 

现在安装编译环境,执行:

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ bison pkgconfig glib2-devel gettext make libpng-devel libjpeg-devel libtiff-devel libexif-devel giflib-devel libX11-devel freetype-devel fontconfig-devel cairo-devel libtiff libtiff-devel libjpeg libjpeg-devel giflib giflib-devel libpng libpng-devel libX11 libX11-devel freetype freetype-devel fontconfig fontconfig-devel libexif libexif-devel libXft-devel ghostscript-devel gnome-doc-utils unzip

(一大堆的东西,谁知道哪几个可以省掉,就删了吧,我没一个一个的验证.)

 

使用SFTP工具(推荐xftp4)将下载的四个文件复制到centos /root目录

分别执行

tar -jvxf mono-3.0.3.tar.bz2

unzip xsp-master.zip

tar -jvxf pcre-8.32.tar.bz2

tar -vxf nginx-1.2.6.tar.gz

进行解压维.

 

现在开始最漫长的mono编译及安装

cd /root/mono-3.0.3

./configure

make

make install

 

大约15分钟,这点时间您可以去看两个vs2012的使用视频.赞一下codemap...

 

然后安装xsp:

cd /root/xsp-master

export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/lib64/pkgconfig

./autogen.sh

make

make install

解说一下PKG_CONFIG_PATH,这东西是使用yum安装的,路径在不同的系统中可能不一样.

可以使用

whereis pkgconfig

来找一下pkgconfig的路径,然后依情况修改export语句.

如果pkgconfig路径不对,会造成xsp找不到mono的情况.

 

本来是应该直接编译安装nginx的.

但nginx依赖pcre,所以:

cd /root/pcre-8.32

./configure

make

make install

 

然后安装nginx:

cd /root/nginx-1.2.6

./configure

make

make install

 

全部完成之后,开始配置:

 

首先,编译安装是没有启动本脚本的,这里需要两个,一个是nginx的启动脚本,一个是fastcgi-mono-server4的启动脚本.

参考:

http://www.21andy.com/blog/20100201/1606.html

http://yojimbo87.github.com/2010/03/14/mono-startup-script.html

我直接贴在下面,注意路径.及环境变量.

nginx:

  1 #!/bin/sh
  2 #
  3 # nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemin
  4 #
  5 # chkconfig:   - 85 15 
  6 # description:  Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
  7 #               proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
  8 # processname: nginx
  9 # config:      /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
 10 # pidfile:     /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid
 11 
 12 # Source function library.

 13 . /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
 14 
 15 # Source networking configuration.
 16 . /etc/sysconfig/network
 17 
 18 # Check that networking is up.
 19 [ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0
 20 
 21 nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
 22 prog=$(basename $nginx)
 23 
 24 NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"
 25 
 26 lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx
 27 
 28 start() {
 29     [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
 30     [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
 31     echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
 32     daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
 33     retval=$?
 34     echo
 35     [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
 36     return $retval
 37 }
 38 
 39 stop() {
 40     echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
 41     killproc $prog -QUIT
 42     retval=$?
 43     echo
 44     [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
 45     return $retval
 46 }
 47 
 48 restart() {
 49     configtest || return $?
 50     stop
 51     start
 52 }
 53 
 54 reload() {
 55     configtest || return $?
 56     echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
 57     killproc $nginx -HUP
 58     RETVAL=$?
 59     echo
 60 }
 61 
 62 force_reload() {
 63     restart
 64 }
 65 
 66 configtest() {
 67   $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
 68 }
 69 
 70 rh_status() {
 71     status $prog
 72 }
 73 
 74 rh_status_q() {
 75     rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
 76 }
 77 
 78 case "$1" in
 79     start)
 80         rh_status_q && exit 0
 81         $1
 82         ;;
 83     stop)
 84         rh_status_q || exit 0
 85         $1
 86         ;;
 87     restart|configtest)
 88         $1
 89         ;;
 90     reload)
 91         rh_status_q || exit 7
 92         $1
 93         ;;
 94     force-reload)
 95         force_reload
 96         ;;
 97     status)
 98         rh_status
 99         ;;
100     condrestart|try-restart)
101         rh_status_q || exit 0
102             ;;
103     *)
104         echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
105         exit 2
106 esac

 

fastcgi-mono-server4: 

 1 #!/bin/sh
 2 
 3 ### BEGIN INIT INFO
 4 # Provides:          monoserve.sh
 5 # Required-Start:    $local_fs $syslog $remote_fs
 6 # Required-Stop:     $local_fs $syslog $remote_fs
 7 # Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
 8 # Default-Stop:      0 1 6
 9 # Short-Description: Start fastcgi mono server with hosts
10 ### END INIT INFO
11 
12 PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
13 DAEMON=/usr/local/bin/mono
14 NAME=fastcgi-mono-server4
15 DESC=fastcgi-mono-server4
16 
17 MONOSERVER=$(which fastcgi-mono-server4)
18 MONOSERVER_PID=$(ps auxf | grep fastcgi-mono-server4.exe | grep -v grep | awk '{print $2}')
19 
20 WEBAPPS="/:/usr/local/nginx/html"
21 
22 case "$1" in
23         start)
24                 if [ -z "${MONOSERVER_PID}" ]; then
25                         echo "starting mono server"
26                         ${MONOSERVER} /applications=${WEBAPPS} /socket=tcp:127.0.0.1:9000 &
27                         echo "mono server started"
28                 else
29                         echo ${WEBAPPS}
30                         echo "mono server is running"
31                 fi
32         ;;
33         stop)
34                 if [ -n "${MONOSERVER_PID}" ]; then
35                         kill ${MONOSERVER_PID}
36                         echo "mono server stopped"
37                 else
38                         echo "mono server is not running"
39                 fi
40         ;;
41 esac
42 
43 exit 0

 

将脚本保存在 /etc/init.d/ 目录下.

 

执行:

chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx

chmod +x /etc/init.d/fastcgi-mono-server4

 

/sbin/chkconfig nginx on

/sbin/chkconfig fastcgi-mono-server4 on

 

最后是nginx的conf配置,理论上是要先配好再去写启动脚本的,因为fastcgi-mono-server4启动脚本中的WEBAPPS路径必须与网站路径一致,所以配置的时候要注意一下.

参考:

http://www.mono-project.com/FastCGI_Nginx

首先修改fastcgi_params文件,按我的方法,他应该在/usr/local/nginx/conf 目录下.(不在?使用whereis fastcgi_params找到它.)

追加两行:

fastcgi_param  PATH_INFO          "";

fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

 

保存后来配置nginx.conf文件

找到:

location / {

    root   html;

    index  index.html index.htm;

}

修改为

location / {

    root   html;

    index  default.aspx index.html index.htm;

    fastcgi_index default.aspx;

    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;

    include fastcgi_params;

}

添加了三行.

 

注意 root html ,这里配置了网站的根目录.它是一个相对路径.

 

全部保存完毕之后,就可以开启服务了.执行:

/etc/init.d/fastcgi-mono-server4 start

/etc/init.d/nginx start

 

好了,现在使用浏览器打开服务器IP地址,将会看到:

 

感谢:

http://www.cnblogs.com/wang_yb/

posted @ 2012-12-27 22:47 yexuan 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏