在Spring下集成ActiveMQ

1.参考文献

  1. Spring集成ActiveMQ配置
  2. Spring JMS异步发收消息 ActiveMQ

2.环境

在前面的一篇ActiveMQ入门实例中我们实现了消息的异步传送,这篇博文将如何在spring环境下集成ActiveMQ。如果要在spring下集成ActiveMQ,那么就需要将如下jar包导入项目:

本文有两篇参考文献,因此有两个实例,项目结构如下图所示:

3.实例1

信息发送者:HelloSender.java

package edu.sjtu.erplab.springactivemq;

import javax.jms.JMSException;
import javax.jms.Session;

import javax.jms.Destination;
import javax.jms.Message;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.jms.core.JmsTemplate;
import org.springframework.jms.core.MessageCreator;

public class HelloSender {

/**
*
@param args
* jmsTemplate和destination都是在spring配置文件中进行配制的
* Sender只使用了配置文件中的jmsFactory,jmsTemplate,还有destination这三个属性
*/
public static void main(String[] args) {
ApplicationContext applicationContext = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext-jms.xml");
JmsTemplate template = (JmsTemplate) applicationContext.getBean("jmsTemplate");
Destination destination = (Destination) applicationContext.getBean("destination");
template.send(destination, new MessageCreator() {
public Message createMessage(Session session) throws JMSException {
return session.createTextMessage("发送消息:Hello ActiveMQ Text Message2!");
}
});
System.out.println("成功发送了一条JMS消息");
}
}

信息接受者:ProxyJMSConsumer.java

package edu.sjtu.erplab.springactivemq;

import javax.jms.Destination;
import javax.jms.TextMessage;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.jms.core.JmsTemplate;

/**
* JMS消费者
* 消息题的内容定义
* 消息对象 接收消息对象后: 接收到的消息体* <p>
*/
public class ProxyJMSConsumer {

public ProxyJMSConsumer() {

}
private JmsTemplate jmsTemplate;

public JmsTemplate getJmsTemplate() {
return jmsTemplate;
}
public void setJmsTemplate(JmsTemplate jmsTemplate) {
this.jmsTemplate = jmsTemplate;
}

/**
* 监听到消息目的有消息后自动调用onMessage(Message message)方法
*/
public void recive() {
ApplicationContext applicationContext = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext-jms.xml");
Destination destination = (Destination) applicationContext.getBean("destination");
while (true) {
try {
TextMessage txtmsg = (TextMessage) jmsTemplate
.receive(destination);
if (null != txtmsg) {
System.out.println("[DB Proxy] " + txtmsg);
System.out.println("[DB Proxy] 收到消息内容为: "
+ txtmsg.getText());
} else
break;
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}

}
}

}

客户端:JMSTest.java

package edu.sjtu.erplab.springactivemq;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class JMSTest {

/**
*
@param args
*/
public static void main(String[] args) {
ApplicationContext applicationContext = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext-jms.xml");
ProxyJMSConsumer proxyJMSConsumer = (ProxyJMSConsumer) applicationContext.getBean("messageReceiver");
proxyJMSConsumer.recive();

System.out.println("初始化消息消费者");
}

}

Spring配置文件:applicationContext-jms.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi
="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xsi:schemaLocation
="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-2.5.xsd"

default-autowire
="byName">


<!-- 配置connectionFactory -->
<bean id="jmsFactory" class="org.apache.activemq.pool.PooledConnectionFactory"
destroy-method
="stop">
<property name="connectionFactory">
<bean class="org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQConnectionFactory">
<property name="brokerURL">
<value>tcp://127.0.0.1:61616</value>
</property>
</bean>
</property>
<property name="maxConnections" value="100"></property>
</bean>

<!-- Spring JMS Template -->
<bean id="jmsTemplate" class="org.springframework.jms.core.JmsTemplate">
<property name="connectionFactory">
<ref local="jmsFactory" />
</property>
<property name="defaultDestinationName" value="subject" />
<!-- 区别它采用的模式为false是p2p为true是订阅 -->
<property name="pubSubDomain" value="true" />
</bean>

<!-- 发送消息的目的地(一个队列) -->
<bean id="destination" class="org.apache.activemq.command.ActiveMQTopic">
<!-- 设置消息队列的名字 -->
<constructor-arg index="0" value="subject" />
</bean>




<bean id="messageReceiver" class="edu.sjtu.erplab.springactivemq.ProxyJMSConsumer">
<!--class="edu.sjtu.erplab.springactivemq.ProxyJMSConsumer">-->
<property name="jmsTemplate" ref="jmsTemplate"></property>
</bean>



</beans>

测试方法:首先运行JMSTest,然后运行HelloSender。

4.实例2

消息发送者: Sender

package edu.sjtu.erplab.springactivemq2;

import javax.jms.JMSException;
import javax.jms.MapMessage;
import javax.jms.Message;
import javax.jms.Session;
import org.springframework.jms.core.JmsTemplate;
import org.springframework.jms.core.MessageCreator;

public class Sender {
private JmsTemplate jmsTemplate;
//getter and setter
public JmsTemplate getJmsTemplate() {
return jmsTemplate;
}
public void setJmsTemplate(JmsTemplate jmsTemplate) {
this.jmsTemplate = jmsTemplate;
}

public void sendInfo() {
jmsTemplate.send(new MessageCreator() {
public Message createMessage(Session session) throws JMSException {
MapMessage message = session.createMapMessage();
message.setString("lastName", "ppp");
return message;
}

});
}
}

消息发送客户端:SenderTest

package edu.sjtu.erplab.springactivemq2;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class SenderTest {
public static void main(String[] args) {
// TODO 自动生成方法存根
ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext.xml");
Sender sender = (Sender) context.getBean("sender");
sender.sendInfo();
}
}

消息接收者:Receiver

package edu.sjtu.erplab.springactivemq2;

import javax.jms.JMSException;
import javax.jms.MapMessage;
import org.springframework.jms.core.JmsTemplate;
import org.springframework.jms.support.JmsUtils;

public class Receiver {
private JmsTemplate jmsTemplate;
//getter and setter
public JmsTemplate getJmsTemplate() {
return jmsTemplate;
}
public void setJmsTemplate(JmsTemplate jmsTemplate) {
this.jmsTemplate = jmsTemplate;
}

/**
* 构造函数
*/
public Receiver() {
}

public String receiveMessage() {
String my = "";
MapMessage message = (MapMessage) jmsTemplate.receive();
try {
my = message.getString("lastName");
} catch (JMSException e) {
throw JmsUtils.convertJmsAccessException(e);
}
return my;
}


}

消息接收客户端:ReceiverTest

package edu.sjtu.erplab.springactivemq2;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class ReceiverTest {
public static void main(String[] args) {
// TODO 自动生成方法存根
ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext.xml");
Receiver receiver = (Receiver) context.getBean("receiver");
System.out.print(receiver.receiveMessage());
}
}

Spring配置文件:applicationContext.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans
xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi
="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation
="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.0.xsd"
>
<!--创建连接工厂-->
<bean id="connectionFactory"
class
="org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQConnectionFactory">
<property name="brokerURL" value="tcp://localhost:61616"></property>
</bean>
<!-- 声明ActiveMQ消息目标,目标可以是一个队列,也可以是一个主题ActiveMQTopic-->
<bean id="destination" class="org.apache.activemq.command.ActiveMQQueue">
<constructor-arg index="0" value="edu.sjtu.erplab.springactivemq2"></constructor-arg>
</bean>
<!---->
<bean id="jmsTemplate" class="org.springframework.jms.core.JmsTemplate">
<property name="connectionFactory" ref="connectionFactory"></property>
<property name="defaultDestination" ref="destination"></property>
<property name="receiveTimeout" value="600"></property>

</bean>
<bean id="sender" class="edu.sjtu.erplab.springactivemq2.Sender">
<property name="jmsTemplate" ref="jmsTemplate"></property>

</bean>
<bean id="receiver" class="edu.sjtu.erplab.springactivemq2.Receiver">
<property name="jmsTemplate" ref="jmsTemplate"></property>
</bean>
</beans>



posted @ 2012-02-27 15:49 xwdreamer 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏