深入理解ajax系列第七篇——传递JSON

前面的话

  虽然ajax全称是asynchronous javascript and XML。但目前使用ajax技术时,传递JSON已经成为事实上的标准。因为相较于XML而言,JSON简单且方便。本文将上一篇中的实例进行改写,以JSON的方式来进行数据传递

 

前端页面

<!-- 前端页面 -->
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Document</title>
<style>
body{font-size: 20px;margin: 0;line-height: 1.5;}
select,button,input{font-size: 20px;line-height: 1.5;}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h2>员工查询</h2>    
<label>请输入员工编号:</label>
<input type="text" id="keyword">
<button id="search">查询</button>
<p id="searchResult"></p>

<h2>员工创建</h2>
<form id="postForm">
    <label>请输入员工姓名:</label>
    <input type="text" name="name"><br>
    <label>请输入员工编号:</label>
    <input type="text" name="number"><br>
    <label>请输入员工性别:</label>
    <select name="sex">
    <option value="男"></option>
    <option value="女"></option>
    </select><br>
    <label>请输入员工职位:</label>
    <input type="text" name="job"><br>
    <button id="save" type="button">保存</button>    
</form>

<p id="createResult"></p>

<script>

/*get*/

//查询
var oSearch = document.getElementById('search');
//get方式添加数据
function addURLParam(url,name,value){
    url += (url.indexOf("?") == -1 ? "?" : "&");
    url +=encodeURIComponent(name) + "=" + encodeURIComponent(value);
    return url;
}
oSearch.onclick = function(){
    //创建xhr对象
    var xhr;
    if(window.XMLHttpRequest){
        xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
    }else{
        xhr = new ActiveXObject('Microsoft.XMLHTTP');
    }
    //异步接受响应
    xhr.onreadystatechange = function(){
        if(xhr.readyState == 4){
            if(xhr.status == 200){
                //实际操作
                var data = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText);
                if(data.success){
                    document.getElementById('searchResult').innerHTML = data.msg;
                }else{
                    document.getElementById('searchResult').innerHTML = '出现错误:' +data.msg;
                }
                
            }else{
                alert('发生错误:' + xhr.status);
            }
        }
    }
    //发送请求
    var url = 'service.php';
    url = addURLParam(url,'number',document.getElementById('keyword').value);
    xhr.open('get',url,true);
    xhr.send();
}

/*post*/
//创建
var oSave = document.getElementById('save');
//post方式添加数据
function serialize(form){        
    var parts = [],field = null,i,len,j,optLen,option,optValue;
    for (i=0, len=form.elements.length; i < len; i++){
        field = form.elements[i];
        switch(field.type){
            case "select-one":
            case "select-multiple":
                if (field.name.length){
                    for (j=0, optLen = field.options.length; j < optLen; j++){
                        option = field.options[j];
                        if (option.selected){
                            optValue = "";
                            if (option.hasAttribute){
                                optValue = (option.hasAttribute("value") ? option.value : option.text);
                            } else {
                                optValue = (option.attributes["value"].specified ? option.value : option.text);
                            }
                            parts.push(encodeURIComponent(field.name) + "=" + encodeURIComponent(optValue));
                        }
                    }
                }
                break;              
            case undefined:     //fieldset
            case "file":        //file input
            case "submit":      //submit button
            case "reset":       //reset button
            case "button":      //custom button
                break;                
            case "radio":       //radio button
            case "checkbox":    //checkbox
                if (!field.checked){
                    break;
                }
                /* falls through */
            default:
                //don't include form fields without names
                if (field.name.length){
                    parts.push(encodeURIComponent(field.name) + "=" + encodeURIComponent(field.value));
                }
        }
    }        
    return parts.join("&");
}
oSave.onclick = function(){
    //创建xhr对象
    var xhr;
    if(window.XMLHttpRequest){
        xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
    }else{
        xhr = new ActiveXObject('Microsoft.XMLHTTP');
    }
    //异步接受响应
    xhr.onreadystatechange = function(){
        if(xhr.readyState == 4){
            if(xhr.status == 200){
                //实际操作
                var data = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText);
                if(data.success){
                  document.getElementById('createResult').innerHTML = data.msg;  
              }else{
                  document.getElementById('createResult').innerHTML = '出现错误:'+data.msg;
              }
                
            }else{
                alert('发生错误:' + xhr.status);
            }
        }
    }
    //发送请求
    xhr.open('post','service.php',true);
    xhr.setRequestHeader("content-type","application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
    xhr.send(serialize(document.getElementById('postForm')));
}
</script>
</body>
</html>

 

后端页面

<?php 

//用于过滤不安全的字符
function test_input($data) {
   $data = trim($data);
   $data = stripslashes($data);
   $data = htmlspecialchars($data);
   return $data;
}
//设置页面内容的html编码格式是utf-8
header("Content-Type:application/json;charset=utf-8");

//定义一个多维数组,包含员工的信息,每条员工信息为一个数组
$staff = array(
    array("name"=>"洪七","number"=>"101","sex"=>"男","job"=>'总经理'),
    array("name"=>"郭靖","number"=>"102","sex"=>"男","job"=>'开发工程师'),
    array("name"=>"黄蓉","number"=>"103","sex"=>"女","job"=>'产品经理')
    );

//判断如果是get请求,则进行搜索;如果是POST请求,则进行新建
//$_SERVER["REQUEST_METHOD"]返回访问页面使用的请求方法
if($_SERVER["REQUEST_METHOD"] == "GET"){
    search();
}else if($_SERVER["REQUEST_METHOD"] == "POST"){
    create();
}

//通过员工编号搜索员工
function search(){
    //检查是否有员工编号的参数
    //isset检测变量是否设置;empty判断值是否为空
    if(!isset($_GET['number']) || empty($_GET['number'])){
        echo '{"success":false,"msg":"参数错误"}';
        return;
    }

    global $staff;
    $number = test_input($_GET['number']);
    $result = '{"success":false,"msg":"没有找到员工"}';

    //遍历$staff多维数组,查找key值为number的员工是否存在。如果存在,则修改返回结果
    foreach($staff as $value){
        if($value['number'] == $number){
            $result = '{"success":true,"msg":"找到员工:员工编号为' .$value["number"] .',员工姓名为' .$value["name"] .',员工性别为' .$value["sex"] .',员工职位为' .$value["job"] .'"}';
            break;
        }
    }
    echo $result;
}


//创建员工
function create(){
    //判断信息是否填写完全
    if(!isset($_POST['name']) || empty($_POST['name']) || 
       !isset($_POST['number']) || empty($_POST['number']) ||
       !isset($_POST['sex']) || empty($_POST['sex']) ||
       !isset($_POST['job']) || empty($_POST['job']) 
        ){
        echo '{"success":false,"msg":"参数错误,员工信息填写不全"}';
        return;
    }

    echo '{"success":true,"msg":"员工' .test_input($_POST['name']) .'信息保存成功!"}';
}
?>

 

实例演示

posted @ 2017-03-02 08:41 小火柴的蓝色理想 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏