Mininet简介

在Coursera SDN开放课程中,编程作业要用Mininet来完成。这里对Mininet做一个简单的介绍。 

什么是Mininet

       Mininet是由一些虚拟的终端节点(end-hosts)、交换机、路由器连接而成的一个网络仿真器,它采用轻量级的虚拟化技术使得系统可以和真实网络相媲美。

       Mininet可以很方便地创建一个支持SDN的网络:host就像真实的电脑一样工作,可以使用ssh登录,启动应用程序,程序可以向以太网端口发送数据包,数据包会被交换机、路由器接收并处理。有了这个网络,就可以灵活地为网络添加新的功能并进行相关测试,然后轻松部署到真实的硬件环境中。

Mininet的特性

       可以简单、迅速地创建一个支持用户自定义的网络拓扑,缩短开发测试周期

       可以运行真实的程序,在Linux上运行的程序基本上可以都可以在Mininet上运行,如Wireshark

       Mininet支持Openflow,在Mininet上运行的代码可以轻松移植到支持OpenFlow的硬件设备上

       Mininet可以在自己的电脑,或服务器,或虚拟机,或者云(例如Amazon EC2)上运行

       Mininet提供python API,简单易用

       Mininet是开源项目,源代码在这里:https://github.com/mininet

       ……

Mininet安装

       使用VirtualBox安装Mininet虚拟机:http://mininet.org/download/

使用Mininet创建一个网络

  以Coursera SDN Week3 programming assignment为例,创建一个及其简单的数据中心网络。

  Data center networks typically have a tree-like topology. End-hosts connect to top-of-rack switches, which form the leaves (edges) of the tree; one or more core switches form the root; and one or more layers of aggregation switches form the middle of the tree. In a basic tree topology, each switch (except the core switch) has a single parent switch. Additional switches and links may be added to construct more complex tree topologies (e.g., fat tree) in an effort to improve fault tolerance or increase inter-rack bandwidth.

  In this assignment, your task is to create a simple tree topology. You will assume each level i.e., core, aggregation, edge and host to be composed of a single layer of switches/hosts with a configurable fanout value (k) looks like: 

  代码:

# CustomTopo.py
'''
Coursera:
- Software Defined Networking (SDN) course
-- Module 3 Programming Assignment

Professor: Nick Feamster
Teaching Assistant: Muhammad Shahbaz
'''

from mininet.topo import Topo
from mininet.net import Mininet
from mininet.node import CPULimitedHost
from mininet.link import TCLink
from mininet.util import irange,dumpNodeConnections
from mininet.log import setLogLevel

class CustomTopo(Topo):
    "Simple Data Center Topology"

    "linkopts - (1:c1, 2:aggregation, 3: edge) parameters"
    "fanout - number of child switch per parent switch"
    def __init__(self, linkopts1, linkopts2, linkopts3, fanout=2, **opts):
        # Initialize topology and default options
        Topo.__init__(self, **opts)
                        
        # Add your logic here ...
        self.fanout = fanout
        core = self.addSwitch('c1')
        for i in irange(1, fanout):
            aggregation = self.addSwitch('a%s' %i)
            self.addLink(core, aggregation, **linkopts1)
            for j in irange(1, fanout):
                edge = self.addSwitch('e%s' %(fanout*(i-1)+j))
                self.addLink(aggregation, edge, **linkopts2)
                for k in irange(1, fanout):
                    host = self.addHost('h%s' %((fanout*(fanout*(i-1)+j-1))+k))
                    self.addLink(edge, host, **linkopts3)
                   
topos = { 'custom': ( lambda: CustomTopo() ) }

def simpleTest():
    "Create and test a simple network"
    linkopts1 = dict(bw=10, delay='3ms', use_htb=True)
    linkopts2 = dict(bw=8, delay='4ms', loss=1, max_queue_size=900, )
    linkopts3 = dict(bw=6, delay='5ms', loss=1, max_queue_size=800)
    topo = CustomTopo(linkopts1, linkopts2, linkopts3, fanout=2)
    net = Mininet(topo, host=CPULimitedHost, link=TCLink)
    net.start()
    print "Dumping host connections"
    dumpNodeConnections(net.hosts)
    print "Testing network connectivity"
    net.pingAll()
    net.stop()

if __name__ == '__main__':
   # Tell mininet to print useful information
   setLogLevel('info')
   simpleTest()

  在mininet虚拟机上执行下面操作即可创建自定义的网络拓扑。函数simpleTest()创建网络并进行了简单的ping测试,从屏幕输出可以看到创建的过程。

    mininet@mininet-vm:~/mininet$ sudo python CustomTopo.py

 

更多资料

1. Mininet: http://mininet.org/

2. Mininet wiki: https://github.com/mininet/mininet/wiki

 

posted @ 2013-08-17 10:57 TheLongRoad 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏