[译]ASP.NET Core 2.0 本地文件操作

问题

如何在ASP.NET Core 2.0中受限地访问本地目录和文件信息?

答案

新建一个空项目,修改Startup类,添加访问本地文件所需的服务:

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
	services.AddSingleton<IFileProvider>(
		new PhysicalFileProvider(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory()));
}

创建一个中间件,读取根目录下的所有文件,输出文件名:

public class HelloFileProviderMiddleware
{
	private readonly RequestDelegate _next;
	private readonly IFileProvider _fileProvider;

	public HelloFileProviderMiddleware(RequestDelegate next, IFileProvider fileProvider)
	{
		_next = next;
		_fileProvider = fileProvider;
	}

	public async Task Invoke(HttpContext context)
	{
		var output = new StringBuilder("");
		IDirectoryContents dir = _fileProvider.GetDirectoryContents("");
		foreach (IFileInfo item in dir)
		{
		    output.AppendLine(item.Name);
		}
		await context.Response.WriteAsync(output.ToString());
	}
}

public static class UseHelloFileProviderExtensions
{
	public static IApplicationBuilder UseHelloFileProvider(this IApplicationBuilder app)
	{
		return app.UseMiddleware<HelloFileProviderMiddleware>();
	}
}

运行,此时页面效果:

当然,我们也可以通过IFileProvider接口读取单个文件信息:

public class HelloFileProviderMiddleware
{
	private readonly RequestDelegate _next;
	private readonly IFileProvider _fileProvider;

	public HelloFileProviderMiddleware(RequestDelegate next, IFileProvider fileProvider)
	{
		_next = next;
		_fileProvider = fileProvider;
	}

	public async Task Invoke(HttpContext context)
	{
		IFileInfo file = _fileProvider.GetFileInfo("Startup.cs");
		using (var stream = file.CreateReadStream())
		{
		    using (var reader = new StreamReader(stream))
		    {
		        var output = await reader.ReadToEndAsync();
		        await context.Response.WriteAsync(output.ToString());
		    }
		}
	}
}

运行,此时页面效果:

讨论

ASP.NET Core 2.0提供了继承自接口IFileProvider的PhysicalFileProvider类型,用于受限地访问本地文件系统,它是对System.IO.File的一个封装。

我们可以在Startup的Configure()方法内将IFileProvider配置为一个服务,然后通过构造函数注入添加到中间件或者控制器中。这样可以在一个地方控制文件的访问路径(也就是应用程序启动的时候)。

IFileProvider有两个重要的方法:

1. GetDirectoryContents:返回IDirectoryContents接口。可用于遍历某个目录中的全部文件或目录。

2. GetFileInfo:返回IFileInfo接口。通过其CreateReadSteam方法可以读取文件内容。

====start by sanshi=========================

下面通过递归来遍历根目录下全部文件和目录,修改中间件代码:

public class HelloFileProviderMiddleware
{
	private readonly RequestDelegate _next;
	private readonly IFileProvider _fileProvider;

	public HelloFileProviderMiddleware(RequestDelegate next, IFileProvider fileProvider)
	{
		_next = next;
		_fileProvider = fileProvider;
	}

	public async Task Invoke(HttpContext context)
	{
		var output = new StringBuilder("");
		ResolveDirectory(output, "", "");

		await context.Response.WriteAsync(output.ToString());
	}

	private void ResolveDirectory(StringBuilder output, string path, string prefix)
	{
		IDirectoryContents dir = _fileProvider.GetDirectoryContents(path);
		foreach (IFileInfo item in dir)
		{
			if (item.IsDirectory)
			{
				output.AppendLine(prefix + "[" + item.Name + "]");

				ResolveDirectory(output, 
					item.PhysicalPath.Substring(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory().Length), 
					prefix + "    ");
			} else
			{
				output.AppendLine(prefix + item.Name);
			}
		}
	}
}  

运行,此时页面效果:

====end by sanshi=========================

 

源代码下载

 

原文:https://tahirnaushad.com/2017/08/18/asp-net-core-file-providers/

posted @ 2017-10-30 08:46 三生石上(FineUI控件) 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏