# 更改linux的最大文件描述符限制

#### ile Descriptor Requirements (Linux Systems)

To ensure good server performance, the total number of client connections, database files, and log files must not exceed the maximum file descriptor limit on the operating system (ulimit -n). By default, the directory server allows an unlimited number of connections but is restricted by the file descriptor limit on the operating system. Linux systems limit the number of file descriptors that any one process may open to 1024 per process. (This condition is not a problem on Solaris machines, x86, x64, or SPARC).

After the directory server has exceeded the file descriptor limit of 1024 per process, any new process and worker threads will be blocked. For example, if the directory server attempts to open a Oracle® Berkeley JE database file when the operating system has exceeded the file descriptor limit, the directory server will no longer be able to open a connection that can lead to a corrupted database exception. Likewise, if you have a directory server that exceeds the file descriptor limit set by the operating system, the directory server can become unresponsive as the LDAP connection handler consumes all of the CPU's processing in attempting to open a new connection.

To fix this condition, set the maximum file descriptor limit per process on Linux machines.

#### To Increase the File Descriptor Limit (Linux)

1. Display the current hard limit of your machine.

The hard limit is the maximum server limit that can be set without tuning the kernel parameters in proc file system.

\$ ulimit -aH
core file size (blocks)       unlimited
data seg size (kbytes)        unlimited
file size (blocks)            unlimited
max locked memory (kbytes)    unlimited
max memory size (kbytes)      unlimited
open files                    1024
pipe size (512 bytes)         8
stack size (kbytes)           unlimited
cpu time (seconds)            unlimited
max user processes            4094
virtual memory (kbytes)       unlimited
2. Edit the /etc/security/limits.conf and add the lines:
*     soft   nofile  65535
*     hard   nofile  65535 
session required /lib/security/pam_limits.so
echo 65535 > /proc/sys/fs/file-max
ulimit -n unlimited