[转]Android ANR 分析解决方法

一:什么是ANR

ANR:Application Not Responding,即应用无响应

二:ANR的类型

ANR一般有三种类型:

1. KeyDispatchTimeout(5 seconds) --主要类型按键或触摸事件在特定时间内无响应

2. BroadcastTimeout(10 seconds) --BroadcastReceiver在特定时间内无法处理完成

3. ServiceTimeout(20 seconds) --小概率类型 Service在特定的时间内无法处理完成

三:KeyDispatchTimeout

Akey or touch event was not dispatched within the specified time(按键或触摸事件在特定时间内无响应)

具体的超时时间的定义在framework下的ActivityManagerService.java

//How long we wait until we timeout on key dispatching.

staticfinal int KEY_DISPATCHING_TIMEOUT = 5*1000

四:为什么会超时呢?

超时时间的计数一般是从按键分发给app开始。超时的原因一般有两种:

(1)当前的事件没有机会得到处理(即UI线程正在处理前一个事件,没有及时的完成或者looper被某种原因阻塞住了)

(2)当前的事件正在处理,但没有及时完成

五:如何避免KeyDispatchTimeout

1. UI线程尽量只做跟UI相关的工作

2. 耗时的工作(比如数据库操作,I/O,连接网络或者别的有可能阻碍UI线程的操作)把它放入单独的线程处理

3. 尽量用Handler来处理UIthread和别的thread之间的交互

六:UI线程

说了那么多的UI线程,那么哪些属于UI线程呢?

UI线程主要包括如下:

1. Activity:onCreate(), onResume(), onDestroy(), onKeyDown(), onClick(),etc

2. AsyncTask: onPreExecute(), onProgressUpdate(), onPostExecute(), onCancel,etc

3. Mainthread handler: handleMessage(), post*(runnable r), etc

4. other

七:如何去分析ANR

先看个LOG:   

04-01 13:12:11.572 I/InputDispatcher( 220): Application is not responding:Window{2b263310com.android.email/com.android.email.activity.SplitScreenActivitypaused=false}.
    5009.8ms since event, 5009.5ms since waitstarted
    04-0113:12:11.572 I/WindowManager( 220): Input event 
    dispatching timedout sending 
    tocom.android.email/com.android.email.activity.SplitScreenActivity

    04-01 13:12:14.123 I/Process( 220): Sending signal. PID: 21404 SIG: 3---发生ANR的时间和生成trace.txt的时间
    04-01 13:12:14.123 I/dalvikvm(21404):threadid=4: reacting to 
    signal 3 
    ……
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): ANR in 
    com.android.email(com.android.email/.activity.SplitScreenActivity)
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 
    Reason:keyDispatchingTimedOut 
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): Load: 8.68 / 8.37 / 8.53
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): CPUusage from 4361ms to 699ms ago ----CPU在ANR发生前的使用情况

    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 5.5%21404/com.android.email: 1.3% user + 4.1% kernel / faults:
    10 minor
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 4.3%220/system_server: 2.7% user + 1.5% kernel / faults: 11
    minor 2 major
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 0.9%52/spi_qsd.0: 0% user + 0.9% kernel
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 0.5%65/irq/170-cyttsp-: 0% user + 0.5% kernel
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 0.5%296/com.android.systemui: 0.5% user + 0% kernel
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 100%TOTAL: 4.8% user + 7.6% kernel + 87% iowait
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): CPUusage from 3697ms to 4223ms later:-- ANR后CPU的使用量
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 25%21404/com.android.email: 25% user + 0% kernel / faults: 191 minor
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 16% 21603/__eas(par.hakan: 16% user + 0% kernel
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 7.2% 21406/GC: 7.2% user + 0% kernel
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 1.8% 21409/Compiler: 1.8% user + 0% kernel
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 5.5%220/system_server: 0% user + 5.5% kernel / faults: 1 minor
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 5.5% 263/InputDispatcher: 0% user + 5.5% kernel
    04-0113:12:15.872 E/ActivityManager( 220): 32%TOTAL: 28% user + 3.7% kernel

    

从LOG可以看出ANR的类型,CPU的使用情况,如果CPU使用量接近100%,说明当前设备很忙,有可能是CPU饥饿导致了ANR

如果CPU使用量很少,说明主线程被BLOCK了

如果IOwait很高,说明ANR有可能是主线程在进行I/O操作造成的

除了看LOG,解决ANR还得需要trace.txt文件,

如何获取呢?可以用如下命令获取

$chmod 777 /data/anr

$rm /data/anr/traces.txt

$ps

$kill -3 PID

adbpull data/anr/traces.txt ./mytraces.txt
    从trace.txt文件,看到最多的是如下的信息:

  -----pid 21404 at 2011-04-01 13:12:14 ----- 
    Cmdline: com.android.email

    DALVIK THREADS:
    (mutexes: tll=0tsl=0 tscl=0 ghl=0 hwl=0 hwll=0)
    "main" prio=5 tid=1NATIVE
    | group="main" sCount=1 dsCount=0obj=0x2aad2248 self=0xcf70
    | sysTid=21404 nice=0 sched=0/0cgrp=[fopen-error:2] 
    handle=1876218976
    atandroid.os.MessageQueue.nativePollOnce(Native Method)
    atandroid.os.MessageQueue.next(MessageQueue.java:119)
    atandroid.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:110)
    at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:3688)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
    atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:507)

    atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:866)
    at 
    com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:624)
    at dalvik.system.NativeStart.main(Native Method) 


    说明主线程在等待下条消息进入消息队列

八:Thread状态

ThreadState (defined at “dalvik/vm/thread.h “)

    THREAD_UNDEFINED = -1, /* makes enum compatible with int32_t */

    THREAD_ZOMBIE = 0, /* TERMINATED */

    THREAD_RUNNING = 1, /* RUNNABLE or running now */

    THREAD_TIMED_WAIT = 2, /* TIMED_WAITING in Object.wait() */

    THREAD_MONITOR = 3, /* BLOCKED on a monitor */

    THREAD_WAIT = 4, /* WAITING in Object.wait() */

    THREAD_INITIALIZING= 5, /* allocated, not yet running */

    THREAD_STARTING = 6, /* started, not yet on thread list */

    THREAD_NATIVE = 7, /* off in a JNI native method */

    THREAD_VMWAIT = 8, /* waiting on a VM resource */

    THREAD_SUSPENDED = 9, /* suspended, usually by GC or debugger */

九:如何调查并解决ANR

1. 首先分析log

2. 从trace.txt文件查看调用stack.

3. 看代码

4. 仔细查看ANR的成因(iowait?block?memoryleak?)

十:案例

案例1:关键词:ContentResolver in AsyncTask onPostExecute, high iowait

Process:com.android.email
    Activity:com.android.email/.activity.MessageView
    Subject:keyDispatchingTimedOut
    CPU usage from 2550ms to -2814ms ago:
    5%187/system_server: 3.5% user + 1.4% kernel / faults: 86 minor 20major
    4.4% 1134/com.android.email: 0.7% user + 3.7% kernel /faults: 38 minor 19 major
    4% 372/com.android.eventstream: 0.7%user + 3.3% kernel / faults: 6 minor
    1.1% 272/com.android.phone:0.9% user + 0.1% kernel / faults: 33 minor
    0.9%252/com.android.systemui: 0.9% user + 0% kernel
    0%409/com.android.eventstream.telephonyplugin: 0% user + 0% kernel /faults: 2 minor
    0.1% 632/com.android.devicemonitor: 0.1% user + 0%kernel
    100%TOTAL: 6.9% user + 8.2% kernel +84%iowait


    -----pid 1134 at 2010-12-17 17:46:51 -----
    Cmd line:com.android.email

    DALVIK THREADS:
    (mutexes: tll=0 tsl=0tscl=0 ghl=0 hwl=0 hwll=0)
    "main" prio=5 tid=1 WAIT
    |group="main" sCount=1 dsCount=0 obj=0x2aaca180self=0xcf20
    | sysTid=1134 nice=0 sched=0/0 cgrp=[fopen-error:2]handle=1876218976
    at java.lang.Object.wait(Native Method)
    -waiting on <0x2aaca218> (a java.lang.VMThread)
    atjava.lang.Thread.parkFor(Thread.java:1424)
    atjava.lang.LangAccessImpl.parkFor(LangAccessImpl.java:48)
    atsun.misc.Unsafe.park(Unsafe.java:337)
    atjava.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:157)
    atjava.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.parkAndCheckInterrupt(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:808)
    atjava.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.acquireQueued(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:841)
    atjava.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.acquire(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:1171)
    atjava.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$FairSync.lock(ReentrantLock.java:200)
    atjava.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock.lock(ReentrantLock.java:261)
    atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.lock(SQLiteDatabase.java:378)
    atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteCursor.<init>(SQLiteCursor.java:222)
    atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDirectCursorDriver.query(SQLiteDirectCursorDriver.java:53)
    atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.rawQueryWithFactory(SQLiteDatabase.java:1356)
    atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.queryWithFactory(SQLiteDatabase.java:1235)
    atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.query(SQLiteDatabase.java:1189)
    atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.query(SQLiteDatabase.java:1271)
    atcom.android.email.provider.EmailProvider.query(EmailProvider.java:1098)
    atandroid.content.ContentProvider$Transport.query(ContentProvider.java:187)
    atandroid.content.ContentResolver.query(ContentResolver.java:268)
    atcom.android.email.provider.EmailContent$Message.restoreMessageWithId(EmailContent.java:648)
    atcom.android.email.Controller.setMessageRead(Controller.java:658)
    atcom.android.email.activity.MessageView.onMarkAsRead(MessageView.java:700)
    atcom.android.email.activity.MessageView.access$2500(MessageView.java:98)
    atcom.android.email.activity.MessageView$LoadBodyTask.onPostExecute(MessageView.java:1290)
    atcom.android.email.activity.MessageView$LoadBodyTask.onPostExecute(MessageView.java:1255)
    atandroid.os.AsyncTask.finish(AsyncTask.java:417)
    atandroid.os.AsyncTask.access$300(AsyncTask.java:127)
    atandroid.os.AsyncTask$InternalHandler.handleMessage(AsyncTask.java:429)
    atandroid.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:99)
    atandroid.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:123)
    atandroid.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:3652)
    atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
    atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:507)
    atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteIn

    

原因:IOWait很高,说明当前系统在忙于I/O,因此数据库操作被阻塞

原来:

final Message message=Message.restoreMessageWithId(mProviderContext,messageId);
	if(message==null){
	return;
}
Account account=Account.restoreAccountWithId(mProviderContext,message.mAccountKey);
if(account==null){
	return;//isMessagingController returns false for null, but let's make itclear.
}
if(isMessagingController(account)){
	new Thread(){
		@Override
		public void run(){
		mLegacyController.processPendingActions(message.mAccountKey);
	}}.start();
}

解决后:

 

newThread() {
	finalMessagemessage=Message.restoreMessageWithId(mProviderContext,messageId);
	if(message==null){
		return;
	}
	Accountaccount=Account.restoreAccountWithId(mProviderContext,message.mAccountKey);
	if(account==null){
		return;//isMessagingController returns false for null, but let's make itclear.
	}
	if(isMessagingController(account)) {
		mLegacyController.processPendingActions(message.mAccountKey);
	}
}.start();

    关于AsyncTask:http://developer.android.com/reference/android/os/AsyncTask.html

 

案例2:关键词:在UI线程进行网络数据的读写

ANRin process: com.android.mediascape:PhotoViewer (last incom.android.mediascape:PhotoViewer)
    Annotation:keyDispatchingTimedOut
    CPU usage:
    Load: 6.74 / 6.89 / 6.12
    CPUusage from 8254ms to 3224ms ago:
    ovider.webmedia: 4% = 4% user +0% kernel / faults: 68 minor
    system_server: 2% = 1% user + 0%kernel / faults: 18 minor
    re-initialized>: 0% = 0% user + 0%kernel / faults: 50 minor
    events/0: 0% = 0% user + 0%kernel
    TOTAL:7% = 6% user + 1% kernel

    DALVIKTHREADS:
    ""main"" prio=5 tid=3 NATIVE
    |group=""main"" sCount=1 dsCount=0 s=Yobj=0x4001b240 self=0xbda8
    | sysTid=2579 nice=0 sched=0/0cgrp=unknown handle=-1343993184
    atorg.apache.harmony.luni.platform.OSNetworkSystem.receiveStreamImpl(NativeMethod)
    atorg.apache.harmony.luni.platform.OSNetworkSystem.receiveStream(OSNetworkSystem.java:478)
    atorg.apache.harmony.luni.net.PlainSocketImpl.read(PlainSocketImpl.java:565)
    atorg.apache.harmony.luni.net.SocketInputStream.read(SocketInputStream.java:87)
    atorg.apache.harmony.luni.internal.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection$LimitedInputStream.read(HttpURLConnection.java:303)
    atjava.io.InputStream.read(InputStream.java:133)
    atjava.io.BufferedInputStream.fillbuf(BufferedInputStream.java:157)
    atjava.io.BufferedInputStream.read(BufferedInputStream.java:346)
    atandroid.graphics.BitmapFactory.nativeDecodeStream(Native Method)
    atandroid.graphics.BitmapFactory.decodeStream(BitmapFactory.java:459)
    atcom.android.mediascape.activity.PhotoViewerActivity.getPreviewImage(PhotoViewerActivity.java:4465)
    atcom.android.mediascape.activity.PhotoViewerActivity.dispPreview(PhotoViewerActivity.java:4406)
    atcom.android.mediascape.activity.PhotoViewerActivity.access$6500(PhotoViewerActivity.java:125)
    atcom.android.mediascape.activity.PhotoViewerActivity$33$1.run(PhotoViewerActivity.java:4558)
    atandroid.os.Handler.handleCallback(Handler.java:587)
    atandroid.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:92)
    atandroid.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:123)
    atandroid.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:4370)
    atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
    atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:521)
    atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:868)
    atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:626)
    atdalvik.system.NativeStart.main(Native Method)

    

    关于网络连接,在设计的时候可以设置个timeout的时间或者放入独立的线程来处理。

    关于Handler的问题,可以参考:http://developer.android.com/reference/android/os/Handler.html

    

案例3:关键词:Memoryleak/Thread leak

11-1621:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager( 1190): ANR in process:android.process.acore (last in android.process.acore)
    11-1621:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager( 1190): Annotation:keyDispatchingTimedOut
    11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager(1190): CPU usage:
    11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager( 1190):Load: 11.5 / 11.1 / 11.09
    11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager(1190): CPU usage from 9046ms to 4018ms ago:
    11-16 21:41:42.560I/ActivityManager( 1190): d.process.acore:98%= 97% user + 0% kernel / faults: 1134 minor
    11-16 21:41:42.560I/ActivityManager( 1190): system_server: 0% = 0% user + 0% kernel /faults: 1 minor
    11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager( 1190): adbd:0% = 0% user + 0% kernel
    11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager(1190): logcat: 0% = 0% user + 0% kernel
    11-16 21:41:42.560I/ActivityManager( 1190): TOTAL:100% = 98% user + 1% kernel

    Cmdline: android.process.acore

    DALVIK THREADS:
    "main"prio=5 tid=3 VMWAIT
    |group="main" sCount=1 dsCount=0 s=N obj=0x40026240self=0xbda8
    | sysTid=1815 nice=0 sched=0/0 cgrp=unknownhandle=-1344001376
    atdalvik.system.VMRuntime.trackExternalAllocation(NativeMethod)
    atandroid.graphics.Bitmap.nativeCreate(Native Method)
    atandroid.graphics.Bitmap.createBitmap(Bitmap.java:468)
    atandroid.view.View.buildDrawingCache(View.java:6324)
    atandroid.view.View.getDrawingCache(View.java:6178)
    atandroid.view.ViewGroup.drawChild(ViewGroup.java:1541)
    ……
    atcom.android.internal.policy.impl.PhoneWindow$DecorView.draw(PhoneWindow.java:1830)
    atandroid.view.ViewRoot.draw(ViewRoot.java:1349)
    atandroid.view.ViewRoot.performTraversals(ViewRoot.java:1114)
    atandroid.view.ViewRoot.handleMessage(ViewRoot.java:1633)
    atandroid.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:99)
    atandroid.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:123)
    atandroid.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:4370)
    atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
    atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:521)
    atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:868)
    atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:626)
    atdalvik.system.NativeStart.main(Native Method)

    "Thread-408"prio=5 tid=329 WAIT
    |group="main" sCount=1 dsCount=0 s=N obj=0x46910d40self=0xcd0548
    | sysTid=10602 nice=0 sched=0/0 cgrp=unknownhandle=15470792
    at java.lang.Object.wait(Native Method)
    -waiting on <0x468cd420> (a java.lang.Object)
    atjava.lang.Object.wait(Object.java:288)
    atcom.android.dialer.CallLogContentHelper$UiUpdaterExecutor$1.run(CallLogContentHelper.java:289)
    atjava.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:1096)

    分析:

  atdalvik.system.VMRuntime.trackExternalAllocation(NativeMethod)内存不足导致block在创建bitmap上

    **MEMINFO in pid 1360 [android.process.acore] **

            native dalvik other total

            size: 17036 23111 N/A 40147

            allocated: 16484 20675 N/A 37159

            free: 296 2436 N/A 2732

    解决:如果机器的内存族,可以修改虚拟机的内存为36M或更大,不过最好是复查代码,查看哪些内存没有释放

 

 

 

 

 

 

posted @ 2013-07-30 14:25 雨知 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏