Fast RCNN 训练自己的数据集(3训练和检测)

转载请注明出处,楼燚(yì)航的blog,http://www.cnblogs.com/louyihang-loves-baiyan/

https://github.com/YihangLou/fast-rcnn-train-another-dataset 这是我在github上修改的几个文件的链接,求星星啊,求星星啊(原谅我那么不要脸~~)

在之前两篇文章中我介绍了怎么编译Fast RCNN,和怎么修改Fast RCNN的读取数据接口,接下来我来说明一下怎么来训练网络和之后的检测过程
先给看一下极好的检测效果

https://github.com/YihangLou/fast-rcnn-train-another-dataset

1.预训练模型介绍

首先在data目录下,有两个目录就是之前在1中解压好

  • fast_rcnn_models/
  • imagenet_models/

fast_rcnn_model文件夹下面是作者用fast rcnn训练好的三个网络,分别对应着小、中、大型网络,大家可以试用一下这几个网络,看一些检测效果,他们训练都迭代了40000次,数据集都是pascal_voc的数据集。

  1. caffenet_fast_rcnn_iter_40000.caffemodel
  2. vgg_cnn_m_1024_fast_rcnn_iter_40000.caffemodel
  3. vgg16_fast_rcnn_iter_40000.caffemodel

imagenet_model文件夹下面是在Imagenet上训练好的通用模型,在这里用来初始化网络的参数

  1. CaffeNet.v2.caffemodel
  2. VGG_CNN_M_1024.v2.caffemodel
  3. VGG16.v2.caffemodel

在这里我比较推荐先用中型网络训练,中型网络训练和检测的速度都比较快,效果也都比较理想,大型网络的话训练速度比较慢,我当时是5000多个标注信息,网络配置默认,中型网络训练大概两三个小时,大型网络的话用十几个小时,需要注意的是网络训练最好用GPU,CPU的话太慢了,我当时用的实验室的服务器,有16块Tesla K80,用起来真的是灰常爽!

2. 修改模型文件配置

模型文件在models下面对应的网络文件夹下,在这里我用中型网络的配置文件修改为例子
比如:我的检测目标物是car ,那么我的类别就有两个类别即 background 和 car

因此,首先打开网络的模型文件夹,打开train.prototxt
修改的地方重要有三个
分别是个地方

  1. 首先在data层把num_classes 从原来的21类 20类+背景 ,改成 2类 车+背景
  2. 接在在cls_score层把num_output 从原来的21 改成 2
  3. 在bbox_pred层把num_output 从原来的84 改成8, 为检测类别个数乘以4,比如这里是2类那就是2*4=8

OK,如果你要进一步修改网络训练中的学习速率,步长,gamma值,以及输出模型的名字,需要在同目录下的solver.prototxt中修改。
如下图:

train_net: "models/VGG_CNN_M_1024/train.prototxt"
base_lr: 0.001
lr_policy: "step"
gamma: 0.1
stepsize: 30000
display: 20
average_loss: 100
momentum: 0.9
weight_decay: 0.0005
# We disable standard caffe solver snapshotting and implement our own snapshot
# function
snapshot: 0
# We still use the snapshot prefix, though
snapshot_prefix: "vgg_cnn_m_1024_fast_rcnn"
#debug_info: true

3.启动Fast RCNN网络训练

启动训练:
./tools/train_net.py --gpu 11 --solver models/VGG_CNN_M_1024_LOUYIHANG/solver.prototxt --weights data/imagenet_models/VGG_CNN_M_1024.v2.caffemodel --imdb KakouTrain

参数讲解

  • 这里的--是两个-,markdown写的,大家不要输错
  • train_net.py是网络的训练文件,之后的参数都是附带的输入参数
  • --gpu 代表机器上的GPU编号,如果是nvidia系列的tesla显卡,可以在终端中输入nvidia-smi来查看当前的显卡负荷,选择合适的显卡
  • --solver 代表模型的配置文件,train.prototxt的文件路径已经包含在这个文件之中
  • --weights 代表初始化的权重文件,这里用的是Imagenet上预训练好的模型,中型的网络我们选择用VGG_CNN_M_1024.v2.caffemodel
  • --imdb 这里给出的训练的数据库名字需要在factory.py的__sets中,我在文件里面有__sets['KakouTrain'],train_net.py这个文件会调用factory.py再生成kakou这个类,来读取数据

4.启动Fast RCNN网络检测

我修改了tools下面的demo.py这个文件,用来做检测,并且将检测的坐标结果输出到相应的txt文件中
可以看到原始的demo.py 是用网络测试了两张图像,并做可视化输出,有具体的检测效果,但是我是在Linux服务器的终端下,没有display device,因此部分代码要少做修改

下面是原始的demo.py:

#!/usr/bin/env python

# --------------------------------------------------------
# Fast R-CNN
# Copyright (c) 2015 Microsoft
# Licensed under The MIT License [see LICENSE for details]
# Written by Ross Girshick
# --------------------------------------------------------

"""
Demo script showing detections in sample images.

See README.md for installation instructions before running.
"""

import _init_paths
from fast_rcnn.config import cfg
from fast_rcnn.test import im_detect
from utils.cython_nms import nms
from utils.timer import Timer
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
import scipy.io as sio
import caffe, os, sys, cv2
import argparse

CLASSES = ('__background__',
           'aeroplane', 'bicycle', 'bird', 'boat',
           'bottle', 'bus', 'car', 'cat', 'chair',
           'cow', 'diningtable', 'dog', 'horse',
           'motorbike', 'person', 'pottedplant',
           'sheep', 'sofa', 'train', 'tvmonitor')

NETS = {'vgg16': ('VGG16',
                  'vgg16_fast_rcnn_iter_40000.caffemodel'),
        'vgg_cnn_m_1024': ('VGG_CNN_M_1024',
                           'vgg_cnn_m_1024_fast_rcnn_iter_40000.caffemodel'),
        'caffenet': ('CaffeNet',
                     'caffenet_fast_rcnn_iter_40000.caffemodel')}


def vis_detections(im, class_name, dets, thresh=0.5):
    """Draw detected bounding boxes."""
    inds = np.where(dets[:, -1] >= thresh)[0]
    if len(inds) == 0:
        return

    im = im[:, :, (2, 1, 0)]
    fig, ax = plt.subplots(figsize=(12, 12))
    ax.imshow(im, aspect='equal')
    for i in inds:
        bbox = dets[i, :4]
        score = dets[i, -1]

        ax.add_patch(
            plt.Rectangle((bbox[0], bbox[1]),
                          bbox[2] - bbox[0],
                          bbox[3] - bbox[1], fill=False,
                          edgecolor='red', linewidth=3.5)
            )
        ax.text(bbox[0], bbox[1] - 2,
                '{:s} {:.3f}'.format(class_name, score),
                bbox=dict(facecolor='blue', alpha=0.5),
                fontsize=14, color='white')

    ax.set_title(('{} detections with '
                  'p({} | box) >= {:.1f}').format(class_name, class_name,
                                                  thresh),
                  fontsize=14)
    plt.axis('off')
    plt.tight_layout()
    plt.draw()

def demo(net, image_name, classes):
    """Detect object classes in an image using pre-computed object proposals."""

    # Load pre-computed Selected Search object proposals
    box_file = os.path.join(cfg.ROOT_DIR, 'data', 'demo',
                            image_name + '_boxes.mat')
    obj_proposals = sio.loadmat(box_file)['boxes']

    # Load the demo image
    im_file = os.path.join(cfg.ROOT_DIR, 'data', 'demo', image_name + '.jpg')
    im = cv2.imread(im_file)

    # Detect all object classes and regress object bounds
    timer = Timer()
    timer.tic()
    scores, boxes = im_detect(net, im, obj_proposals)
    timer.toc()
    print ('Detection took {:.3f}s for '
           '{:d} object proposals').format(timer.total_time, boxes.shape[0])

    # Visualize detections for each class
    CONF_THRESH = 0.8
    NMS_THRESH = 0.3
    for cls in classes:
        cls_ind = CLASSES.index(cls)
        cls_boxes = boxes[:, 4*cls_ind:4*(cls_ind + 1)]
        cls_scores = scores[:, cls_ind]
        dets = np.hstack((cls_boxes,
                          cls_scores[:, np.newaxis])).astype(np.float32)
        keep = nms(dets, NMS_THRESH)
        dets = dets[keep, :]
        print 'All {} detections with p({} | box) >= {:.1f}'.format(cls, cls,
                                                                    CONF_THRESH)
        vis_detections(im, cls, dets, thresh=CONF_THRESH)

def parse_args():
    """Parse input arguments."""
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Train a Fast R-CNN network')
    parser.add_argument('--gpu', dest='gpu_id', help='GPU device id to use [0]',
                        default=0, type=int)
    parser.add_argument('--cpu', dest='cpu_mode',
                        help='Use CPU mode (overrides --gpu)',
                        action='store_true')
    parser.add_argument('--net', dest='demo_net', help='Network to use [vgg16]',
                        choices=NETS.keys(), default='vgg16')

    args = parser.parse_args()

    return args

if __name__ == '__main__':
    args = parse_args()

    prototxt = os.path.join(cfg.ROOT_DIR, 'models', NETS[args.demo_net][0],
                            'test.prototxt')
    caffemodel = os.path.join(cfg.ROOT_DIR, 'data', 'fast_rcnn_models',
                              NETS[args.demo_net][1])

    if not os.path.isfile(caffemodel):
        raise IOError(('{:s} not found.\nDid you run ./data/script/'
                       'fetch_fast_rcnn_models.sh?').format(caffemodel))

    if args.cpu_mode:
        caffe.set_mode_cpu()
    else:
        caffe.set_mode_gpu()
        caffe.set_device(args.gpu_id)
    net = caffe.Net(prototxt, caffemodel, caffe.TEST)

    print '\n\nLoaded network {:s}'.format(caffemodel)

    print '~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~'
    print 'Demo for data/demo/000004.jpg'
    demo(net, '000004', ('car',))

    print '~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~'
    print 'Demo for data/demo/001551.jpg'
    demo(net, '001551', ('sofa', 'tvmonitor'))

    plt.show()

复制这个demo.py 修改成CarFaceTest.py,下面是修改后的文件
修改后的文件主要是添加了outputDetectionResult和runDetection两个函数, 添加了部分注释

#!/usr/bin/env python
# --------------------------------------------------------
# Fast R-CNN
# Copyright (c) 2015 Microsoft
# Licensed under The MIT License [see LICENSE for details]
# Written by Ross Girshick
# --------------------------------------------------------

"""
Demo script showing detections in sample images.

See README.md for installation instructions before running.
"""

import _init_paths
from fast_rcnn.config import cfg
from fast_rcnn.test import im_detect
from utils.cython_nms import nms
from utils.timer import Timer
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
import scipy.io as sio
import caffe, os, sys, cv2
import argparse

#CLASSES = ('__background__','aeroplane','bicycle','bird','boat',
#       'bottle','bus','car','cat','chair','cow','diningtable','dog','horse'
#       'motorbike','person','pottedplant','sheep','sofa','train','tvmonitor')

CLASSES = ('__background__','car') #需要跟自己训练的数据集中的类别一致,原来是21类的voc数据集,自己的数据集就是car和background

NETS = {'vgg16': ('VGG16',
                  'vgg16_fast_rcnn_iter_40000.caffemodel'),
        'vgg_cnn_m_1024': ('VGG_CNN_M_1024',
                           'vgg_cnn_m_1024_fast_rcnn_iter_40000.caffemodel'),
    'vgg_cnn_m_1024_louyihang': ('VGG_CNN_M_1024_LOUYIHANG',
               'vgg_cnn_m_1024_fast_rcnn_louyihang_iter_40000.caffemodel'),
        'caffenet': ('CaffeNet',
                     'caffenet_fast_rcnn_iter_40000.caffemodel'),
    'caffenet_louyihang':('CaffeNet_LOUYIHANG',
             'caffenet_fast_rcnn_louyihang_iter_40000.caffemodel'),
    'vgg16_louyihang':('VGG16_LOUYIHANG',
               'vgg16_fast_rcnn_louyihang_iter_40000.caffemodel')}#映射到对应的模型文件

def outputDetectionResult(im, class_name, dets, thresh=0.5): #打开相应的输出文件
    outputFile = open('CarDetectionResult.txt')
    inds = np.where(dets[:,-1] >= thresh)[0]
    if len(inds) == 0:
        return
def runDetection (net, basePath, testFileName,classes):#这个函数是自己后加的,取代了demo函数,给定测试数据列表
    ftest = open(testFileName,'r')
    imageFileName = basePath+'/' + ftest.readline().strip()
    num = 1
    outputFile = open('CarDetectionResult.txt','w')
    while imageFileName:
    print imageFileName
    print 'now is ', num
    num +=1
    imageFileBaseName = os.path.basename(imageFileName)
    imageFileDir = os.path.dirname(imageFileName)
    boxFileName = imageFileDir +'/'+imageFileBaseName.replace('.jpg','_boxes.mat')
    print boxFileName
    obj_proposals = sio.loadmat(boxFileName)['boxes']
    #obj_proposals[:,2] = obj_proposals[:, 2] + obj_proposals[:, 0]#这里也需要注意,OP里面的坐标数据是否为x1y1x2y2还是x1y1wh
    #obj_proposals[:,3] = obj_proposals[:, 3] + obj_proposals[:, 1]
    im = cv2.imread(imageFileName)
    timer = Timer()
    timer.tic()
    scores, boxes = im_detect(net, im, obj_proposals)#检测函数
    timer.toc()
    print ('Detection took {:.3f} for '
               '{:d} object proposals').format(timer.total_time, boxes.shape[0])
    CONF_THRESH = 0.8
    NMS_THRESH = 0.3#NMS参数用来控制非极大值抑制
        for cls in classes:
            cls_ind = CLASSES.index(cls)
            cls_boxes = boxes[:, 4*cls_ind:4*(cls_ind + 1)]
            cls_scores = scores[:, cls_ind]
            dets = np.hstack((cls_boxes,
                          cls_scores[:, np.newaxis])).astype(np.float32)
            keep = nms(dets, NMS_THRESH)
            dets = dets[keep, :]
            print 'All {} detections with p({} | box) >= {:.1f}'.format(cls, cls,
                                                                    CONF_THRESH)
        inds = np.where(dets[:, -1] >= CONF_THRESH)[0]
        print 'inds.size', inds.size
        if len(inds) != 0:
            outputFile.write(imageFileName+' ')
        outputFile.write(str(inds.size)+' ')将检测的结果写出相应的文件里
            for i in inds:
            bbox = dets[i, :4]
            outputFile.write(str(int(bbox[0]))+' '+ str(int(bbox[1]))+' '+ str(int(bbox[2]))+' '+ str(int(bbox[3]))+' ')
            outputFile.write('\n')
        else:
            outputFile.write(imageFileName +' 0' '\n')
    temp = ftest.readline().strip()
    if temp:
        imageFileName = basePath+'/' + temp
    else:
        break
def vis_detections(im, class_name, dets, thresh=0.5):#这个函数需要加以说明,这个函数虽然没有用,但是我的服务器上没有输出设备
    """Draw detected bounding boxes."""#因此要将部分用到显示的函数给注释掉,否则运行会报错
    inds = np.where(dets[:, -1] >= thresh)[0]
    print 'inds.shape', inds.shape
    print inds
    print 'inds.size', inds.size
    if len(inds) == 0:
        return
        #im = im[:, :, (2, 1, 0)]
    #fig, ax = plt.subplots(figsize=(12, 12))
    #ax.imshow(im, aspect='equal')
    #for i in inds:
    #    bbox = dets[i, :4]
    #    score = dets[i, -1]

    #    ax.add_patch(
    #        plt.Rectangle((bbox[0], bbox[1]),
    #                      bbox[2] - bbox[0],
    #                      bbox[3] - bbox[1], fill=False,
    #                      edgecolor='red', linewidth=3.5)
    #        )
    #    ax.text(bbox[0], bbox[1] - 2,
    #            '{:s} {:.3f}'.format(class_name, score),
    #            bbox=dict(facecolor='blue', alpha=0.5),
    #            fontsize=14, color='white')

    #ax.set_title(('{} detections with '
    #              'p({} | box) >= {:.1f}').format(class_name, class_name,
    #                                              thresh),
    #              fontsize=14)
    #plt.axis('off')
    #plt.tight_layout()
    #plt.draw()

def demo(net, image_name, classes):#原来的demo函数,没有修改
    """Detect object classes in an image using pre-computed object proposals."""

    # Load pre-computed Selected Search object proposals
    #box_file = os.path.join(cfg.ROOT_DIR, 'data', 'demo',image_name + '_boxes.mat')
    basePath='/home/chenjie/DataSet/500CarTestDataSet2'
    box_file = os.path.join(basePath,image_name + '_boxes.mat')
    obj_proposals = sio.loadmat(box_file)['boxes']
    # Load the demo image
    #im_file = os.path.join(cfg.ROOT_DIR, 'data', 'demo', image_name + '.jpg')
    im_file = os.path.join(basePath, image_name + '.jpg')
    im = cv2.imread(im_file)

    # Detect all object classes and regress object bounds
    timer = Timer()
    timer.tic()
    scores, boxes = im_detect(net, im, obj_proposals)
    timer.toc()
    print ('Detection took {:.3f}s for '
           '{:d} object proposals').format(timer.total_time, boxes.shape[0])

    # Visualize detections for each class
    CONF_THRESH = 0.8
    NMS_THRESH = 0.3
    for cls in classes:
        cls_ind = CLASSES.index(cls)
        cls_boxes = boxes[:, 4*cls_ind:4*(cls_ind + 1)]
        cls_scores = scores[:, cls_ind]
        dets = np.hstack((cls_boxes,
                          cls_scores[:, np.newaxis])).astype(np.float32)
        keep = nms(dets, NMS_THRESH)
        dets = dets[keep, :]
        print 'All {} detections with p({} | box) >= {:.1f}'.format(cls, cls,
                                                                    CONF_THRESH)

        vis_detections(im, cls, dets, thresh=CONF_THRESH)

def parse_args():
    """Parse input arguments."""
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Train a Fast R-CNN network')
    parser.add_argument('--gpu', dest='gpu_id', help='GPU device id to use [0]',
                        default=0, type=int)
    parser.add_argument('--cpu', dest='cpu_mode',
                        help='Use CPU mode (overrides --gpu)',
                        action='store_true')
    parser.add_argument('--net', dest='demo_net', help='Network to use [vgg16]',
                        choices=NETS.keys(), default='vgg16')

    args = parser.parse_args()

    return args

if __name__ == '__main__':
    args = parse_args()

    prototxt = os.path.join(cfg.ROOT_DIR, 'models', NETS[args.demo_net][0],
                            'test.prototxt')
    #caffemodel = os.path.join(cfg.ROOT_DIR, 'data', 'fast_rcnn_models',
    #                          NETS[args.demo_net][1])
    #caffemodel = '/home/chenjie/fast-rcnn/output/default/KakouTrain/vgg16_fast_rcnn_louyihang_iter_40000.caffemodel'
    #caffemodel = '/home/chenjie/louyihang/fast-rcnn/output/default/KakouTrain/caffenet_fast_rcnn_louyihang_iter_40000.caffemodel'
    caffemodel = '/home/chenjie/fast-rcnn/output/default/KakouTrain/vgg_cnn_m_1024_fast_rcnn_louyihang_iter_40000.caffemodel'#我在这里直接指定了训练好的模型文件,训练好的模型文件是在工程根目录下的,output/default/对应的数据库名字下面
    if not os.path.isfile(caffemodel):
        raise IOError(('{:s} not found.\nDid you run ./data/script/'
                       'fetch_fast_rcnn_models.sh?').format(caffemodel))

    if args.cpu_mode:
        caffe.set_mode_cpu()
    else:
        caffe.set_mode_gpu()
        caffe.set_device(args.gpu_id)
    net = caffe.Net(prototxt, caffemodel, caffe.TEST)

    print '\n\nLoaded network {:s}'.format(caffemodel)

    #demo(net, 'Target0/000001', ('car',))
    #输入对应的测试图像列表,需要在同级目录下摆放同名的_boxes.mat文件,它会自动的替换后缀名!
    #runDetection(net, '/home/chenjie/DataSet/temptest','/home/chenjie/DataSet/temptest/Imagelist.txt',('car',))
    runDetection(net, '/home/chenjie/DataSet/500CarTestDataSet2','/home/chenjie/DataSet/500CarTestDataSet2/Imagelist.txt',('car',))
    #runDetection(net, '/home/chenjie/DataSet/Kakou_Test_Scale0.25/','/home/chenjie/DataSet/Kakou_Test_Scale0.25/imagelist.txt',('car',))
    #runDetection(net, '/home/chenjie/DataSet/Images_Version1_Test_Boxes','/home/chenjie/DataSet/Images_Version1_Test_Boxes/ImageList_Version1_List.txt',('car',))
    #plt.show()

5.检测结果

训练数据集

首先给出我的训练数据集,其实我的训练数据集并不是太复杂的

测试数据集

输出检测结果到txt文件中,

测试效果

**在复杂场景下的测试效果非常好,速度也非常快,中型网络监测平均每张在K80显卡下时0.1~0.2S左右,图像的尺寸是480*640,6000张测试数据集下达到的准确率是98%!!!**

posted @ 2015-10-24 13:33 Hello~again 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏