HTTP - PUT 上传文件/Shell

今天遇到几个PUT上传的点,但是都没利用起来。一怒之下,在自己本地试了一下。步骤如下:

一、环境:

首先,根据 配置Apache服务器支持向目录PUT文件 更新一下httpd.conf文件,重启所有服务。

二、HTTP - PUT

PUT的前提,是了解HTTP协议。下面给出HTTP - PUT的一个模板:

PUT /test.txt HTTP/1.1
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en-US
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Win32)
Host: test.com:8080

hello world

要注意如下几个点:

① PUT方法是HTTP 1.1协议中才出现的。

② HTTP协议对空格敏感,每行数据的结尾不能出现空格

③ HTTP头部和数据中间要空一行,即HTTP头部是以\r\n\r\n结尾的。

④ 端口号直接跟在HOST后面

三、第一次PUT

好了,现在可以PUT了。用Linux下的nc命令来进行连接。

nc -v www.baidu.com 80
root@bb:/etc# nc -v 192.168.163.1 8080
nc: 192.168.163.1 (192.168.163.1) 8080 [http-alt] open  
/*在得到如上输出之后,再将PUT包的内容贴到命令行中,回车*/   PUT
/test.txt HTTP/1.1 Content-Length: 11 Accept-Language: en-US User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Win32) Host: 192.168.163.1:8080 hello world
/*发送的PUT包到此为止,以下为收到的数据包*/ HTTP
/1.1 500 Internal Server Error Date: Wed, 29 Apr 2015 09:15:18 GMT Server: Apache/2.2.21 (Win64) PHP/5.3.10 DAV/2 Content-Length: 535 Connection: close Content-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1 <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD HTML 2.0//EN"> <html><head> <title>500 Internal Server Error</title> </head><body> <h1>Internal Server Error</h1> <p>The server encountered an internal error or misconfiguration and was unable to complete your request.</p> <p>Please contact the server administrator, admin@localhost and inform them of the time the error occurred,and anything you might have done that may have caused the error.</p> <p>More information about this error may be available in the server error log.</p> </body></html>

好像不对啊,500是服务器内部错误啊。好吧好吧,我们去看看主机的Apache日志。

四、再次配环境

主机用的是WAMP,日志在/wamp/logs/apache_error.log。找到对应的那一条:

 

通过浏览器搜索,又找到一篇日志。Linux(CentOS) 服务端搭建与配置,原来用HTTP - PUT还要添加一个什么锁。

所以解决方法是:在Apache配置文件中,也就是httpd.conf,增加一行,设定webDAV锁位置。再次重启所有服务。
DavLockDB  DavLock    #目录没有就创建(DavLock 为文件名,应该有的目录结构是\wamp\bin\apache\Apache2.2.21\DavLock)
五、终于成功PUT
root@bb:/etc# nc -v 192.168.163.1 8080
nc: 192.168.163.1 (192.168.163.1) 8080 [http-alt] open
PUT /test.txt HTTP/1.1
Content-Length: 11
Accept-Language: en-US
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Win32)
Host: 192.168.163.1:8080

hello world
HTTP/1.1 201 Created
Date: Wed, 29 Apr 2015 09:25:24 GMT
Server: Apache/2.2.21 (Win64) PHP/5.3.10 DAV/2
Location: http://192.168.163.1:8080/test.txt
Content-Length: 181
Content-Type: text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD HTML 2.0//EN">
<html><head>
<title>201 Created</title>
</head><body>
<h1>Created</h1>
<p>Resource /test.txt has been created.</p>
</body></html>

0。0 差不多这样,之后有更多关于PUT的经验,再分享

 

posted @ 2015-04-29 20:34 阔爱的贝贝 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏