Nginx反向代理+负载均衡简单实现(https方式)

 

背景:
A服务器(192.168.1.8)作为nginx代理服务器
B服务器(192.168.1.150)作为后端真实服务器

现在需要访问https://testwww.huanqiu.com请求时从A服务器上反向代理到B服务器上

这就涉及到nginx反向代理https请求的配置了~~~

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A服务器(192.168.1.8)上的操作流程:

1)编译安装nginx
[root@opd ~]# yum install -y pcre pcre-devel openssl openssl-devel gcc
[root@opd ~]# cd /usr/loca/src
[root@src ~]# wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz
[root@src ~]# tar -zxvf nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz
[root@src ~]# cd nginx-1.8.0
#添加www用户,其中-M参数表示不添加用户家目录,-s参数表示指定shell类型

[root@nginx-1.8.0 ~]#useradd www -M -s /sbin/nologin
[root@nginx-1.8.0 ~]##vim auto/cc/gcc
#将这句注释掉 取消Debug编译模式 大概在179行
#CFLAGS="$CFLAGS -g"

#我们再配置下nginx编译参数,编译时一定要添加--with-http_ssl_module,以便让nginx支持ssl功能!
[root@nginx-1.8.0 ~]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --user=www --group=www --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module
[root@nginx-1.8.0 ~]#make
[root@nginx-1.8.0 ~]#make install clean

2)配置nginx
[root@nginx-1.8.0 ~]# cd /usr/local/nginx/conf
[root@nginx-1.8.0 conf]# vim nginx.conf

user  nobody;
worker_processes  8;

#error_log logs/error.log;
#error_log logs/error.log notice;
#error_log logs/error.log info;

events {
    worker_connections  65535;
}
  
http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
    charset utf-8;
 
    log_format  main  '$http_x_forwarded_for $remote_addr $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_cookie" $host $request_time';
    sendfile       on;
    tcp_nopush     on;
    tcp_nodelay    on;
    keepalive_timeout  65;
 
 
    fastcgi_connect_timeout 3000;
    fastcgi_send_timeout 3000;
    fastcgi_read_timeout 3000;
    fastcgi_buffer_size 256k;
    fastcgi_buffers 8 256k;
    fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 256k;
    fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 256k;
    fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
  
     
    client_header_timeout 600s;
    client_body_timeout 600s;
  
    client_max_body_size 100m;      
    client_body_buffer_size 256k;   
## support more than 15 test environments
server_names_hash_max_size 512;
server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
gzip on; gzip_min_length 1k; gzip_buffers 4 16k; gzip_http_version 1.1; gzip_comp_level 9; gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml text/javascript application/x-httpd-php; gzip_vary on; include vhosts/*.conf; }

[root@nginx-1.8.0 conf]# ulimit -n 65535
[root@nginx-1.8.0 conf]# mkdir vhosts

-----------------------------------------------------
接下来手动配置ssl证书
如果自己手动颁发证书的话,那么https是不被浏览器认可的,就是https上面会有一个大红叉
****************************************************
推荐一个免费的网站:https://www.startssl.com/
startssl的操作教程看这个:http://www.freehao123.com/startssl-ssl/
****************************************************

下面是手动颁发证书的操作:
[root@linux-node1 ~]# cd /usr/local/nginx/conf/
[root@linux-node1 conf]# mkdir ssl
[root@linux-node1 conf]# cd ssl/
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# openssl genrsa -des3 -out aoshiwei.com.key 1024
Generating RSA private key, 1024 bit long modulus
................................++++++
....................................++++++
e is 65537 (0x10001)
Enter pass phrase for aoshiwei.com.key:                    #提示输入密码,比如这里我输入123456
Verifying - Enter pass phrase for aoshiwei.com.key:     #确认密码,继续输入123456

[root@linux-node1 ssl]# ls                                       #查看,已生成CSR(Certificate Signing Request)文件
aoshiwei.com.key

[root@linux-node1 ssl]# openssl req -new -key aoshiwei.com.key -out aoshiwei.com.csr
Enter pass phrase for aoshiwei.com.key:                      #输入123456
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [XX]:cn                                                         #国家
State or Province Name (full name) []:beijing                                               #省份
Locality Name (eg, city) [Default City]:beijing                                               #地区名字
Organization Name (eg, company) [Default Company Ltd]:huanqiu                 #公司名
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:Technology                                     #部门
Common Name (eg, your name or your server's hostname) []:huanqiu            #CA主机名
Email Address []:wangshibo@xqshijie.cn                                                      #邮箱

Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []:123456                                                                   #证书请求密钥,CA读取证书的时候需要输入密码
An optional company name []:huanqiu                                                          #-公司名称,CA读取证书的时候需要输入名称

[root@linux-node1 ssl]# ls
aoshiwei.com.csr aoshiwei.com.key

[root@linux-node1 ssl]# cp aoshiwei.com.key aoshiwei.com.key.bak
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# openssl rsa -in aoshiwei.com.key.bak -out aoshiwei.com.key
Enter pass phrase for aoshiwei.com.key.bak:                            #输入123456
writing RSA key
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in aoshiwei.com.csr -signkey aoshiwei.com.key -out aoshiwei.com.crt
Signature ok
subject=/C=cn/ST=beijing/L=beijing/O=huanqiu/OU=Technology/CN=huanqiu/emailAddress=wangshibo@xqshijie.cn
Getting Private key
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# ll
total 24
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 960 Sep 12 16:01 aoshiwei.com.crt
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 769 Sep 12 15:59 aoshiwei.com.csr
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 887 Sep 12 16:01 aoshiwei.com.key
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 963 Sep 12 16:01 aoshiwei.com.key.bak

然后配置nginx的反向代理:
[root@linux-node1 vhosts]# pwd
/usr/local/nginx/conf/vhosts
[root@linux-node1 vhosts]# cat test.xqshijie.com-ssl.conf
upstream 8090 {
    server 192.168.1.150:8090 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=30s;; 
}

server {
   listen 443;
   server_name testwww.huanqiu.com;
   ssl on;

   ### SSL log files ###
   access_log logs/ssl-access.log;
   error_log logs/ssl-error.log;

### SSL cert files ###
   ssl_certificate ssl/aoshiwei.com.crt;      #由于这个证书是自己手动颁发的,是不受信任的,访问时会有个“大叉”提示,但是不影响访问https://testwww.huanqiu.com
   ssl_certificate_key ssl/aoshiwei.com.key;   #如果是线上环境,可以购买被信任后的证书,拷贝过来使用。
   ssl_session_timeout 5m;

   location / {
   proxy_pass https://8090;                                      #这个一定要是https
   proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503;
   proxy_set_header Host $host;
   proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
   proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
   proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto https;
   proxy_redirect off;
}
}

重启nginx
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t
[root@linux-node1 ssl]# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

[root@linux-node1 ssl]# lsof -i:443
COMMAND PID USER FD TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
nginx 15755 nobody 24u IPv4 4717921 0t0 TCP *:https (LISTEN)
nginx 15756 nobody 24u IPv4 4717921 0t0 TCP *:https (LISTEN)
nginx 15757 nobody 24u IPv4 4717921 0t0 TCP *:https (LISTEN)
nginx 15758 nobody 24u IPv4 4717921 0t0 TCP *:https (LISTEN)


A服务器要开启防火墙了,则需要在iptables里开通443端口的访问
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT

[root@linux-node1 ssl]# /etc/init.d/iptables restart

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
后端真实服务器(192.168.1.150)上的nginx配置

[root@dev-new-test1 vhosts]# cat test.xqshijie.com-ssl.conf
server {
   listen 8090;                                                                    #这里后端服务器的https没有采用默认的443端口

   server_name testwww.huanqiu.com;
   root /var/www/vhosts/test.huanqiu.com/httpdocs/main/;

   ssl on;
   ssl_certificate /Data/app/nginx/certificates/xqshijie.cer;          #这是后端服务器上的证书,这个是购买的被信任的证书,可以把它的证书拷贝给上面的代理机器使用
   ssl_certificate_key /Data/app/nginx/certificates/xqshijie.key;   #可以将这两个证书拷给上面192.168.1.8的/usr/loca/nginx/conf/ssl下使用,修改nginx代理配置部分的证书路径即可!

   ssl_session_timeout 5m;

   ssl_protocols SSLv2 SSLv3 TLSv1;
   ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
   ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

   access_log /var/www/vhosts/test.huanqiu.com/logs/clickstream_ssl.log main;


location / {
   try_files $uri $uri/ @router;
   index index.php;
}

   error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;

location @router {
   rewrite ^.*$ /index.php last;
}

location ~ \.php$ {
  fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9001;
  fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_index index.php;
  fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
  #include fastcgi_params;
  include fastcgi.conf;
  fastcgi_param HTTPS on;        #这个一定要加上,否则访问https时会出现报错:The plain HTTP request was sent to HTTPS port
}
} ##end server

[root@dev-new-test1 vhosts]# lsof -i:8090
COMMAND PID USER FD TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
nginx 24373 root 170u IPv4 849747 0t0 TCP *:8090 (LISTEN)
nginx 25897 nobody 170u IPv4 849747 0t0 TCP *:8090 (LISTEN)
nginx 25898 nobody 170u IPv4 849747 0t0 TCP *:8090 (LISTEN)

最后在浏览器里访问https://testwww.huanqiu.com就能通过192.168.1.8服务器反向代理到192.168.1.150上的8090端口上了~

****************************************************************************************
下面顺便附上一个测试的nginx代理配置(http和https)

[root@linux-node1 vhosts]# cat testhuanqiu.com
upstream 8802 {
   server 192.168.1.150:8802 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=30s;
}
upstream 8803 {
   server 192.168.1.150:8803 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=30s;
}
upstream 8804 {
   server 192.168.1.150:8804 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=30s;
}
upstream 8805 {
  server 192.168.1.150:8805 max_fails=3 fail_timeout=30s;
}

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name test10erp.fangfull.com;
location / {
  proxy_store off;
  proxy_redirect off;
  proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
  proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
  proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
  proxy_pass http://8802;
}
}

server {
  listen 80;
  server_name test10www.fangfull.com;
location / {
  proxy_store off;
  proxy_redirect off;
  proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
  proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
  proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
  proxy_pass http://8803;
}
}

server {
  listen 443;
  server_name test10fanghu.xqshijie.com;
  ssl on;

### SSL cert files ###
  ssl_certificate ssl/xqshijie.cer;
  ssl_certificate_key ssl/xqshijie.key;
  ssl_session_timeout 5m;

location / {
  proxy_pass https://8804;
  proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503;
  proxy_set_header Host $host;
  proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
  proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
  proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto https;
  proxy_redirect off;
}
}

server {
  listen 443;
  server_name test10www.xqshijie.com;
  ssl on;

### SSL cert files ###
  ssl_certificate ssl/xqshijie.cer;
  ssl_certificate_key ssl/xqshijie.key;
  ssl_session_timeout 5m;

location / {
  proxy_pass https://8805;
  proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_500 http_502 http_503;
  proxy_set_header Host $host;
  proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
  proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
  proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto https;
  proxy_redirect off;
}
}
****************************************************************************************

上面的情况是:nginx代理层和后端服务器上都有ssl证书。
如果是nginx+tomcat+https在本机部署(即没有代理层),可以参考:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1jHPPMK2       提取密码:j7s4

posted @ 2016-09-12 17:19 散尽浮华 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏