利用python进行折线图,直方图和饼图的绘制

 

我用10个国家某年的GDP来绘图,数据如下:

labels   = ['USA', 'China', 'India', 'Japan', 'Germany', 'Russia', 'Brazil', 'UK', 'France', 'Italy']

quants   = [15094025.0, 11299967.0, 4457784.0, 4440376.0, 3099080.0, 2383402.0, 2293954.0, 2260803.0, 2217900.0, 1846950.0]

首先绘制折线图,代码如下:

def draw_line(labels,quants):

    ind = np.linspace(0,9,10)

    fig = plt.figure(1)

    ax  = fig.add_subplot(111)

    ax.plot(ind,quants)

    ax.set_title('Top 10 GDP Countries', bbox={'facecolor':'0.8', 'pad':5})

    ax.set_xticklabels(labels)

    plt.grid(True)

plt.show()

最后如下图:

clip_image002[4]

再画柱状图,代码如下:

def draw_bar(labels,quants):

    width = 0.4

    ind = np.linspace(0.5,9.5,10)

    # make a square figure

    fig = plt.figure(1)

    ax  = fig.add_subplot(111)

    # Bar Plot

    ax.bar(ind-width/2,quants,width,color='green')

    # Set the ticks on x-axis

    ax.set_xticks(ind)

    ax.set_xticklabels(labels)

    # labels

    ax.set_xlabel('Country')

    ax.set_ylabel('GDP (Billion US dollar)')

    # title

    ax.set_title('Top 10 GDP Countries', bbox={'facecolor':'0.8', 'pad':5})

    plt.grid(True)

plt.show()

clip_image004[4]

最后画饼图,代码如下:

def draw_pie(labels,quants):

    plt.figure(1, figsize=(6,6))

    # For China, make the piece explode a bit

    expl = [0,0.1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0]

    # Colors used. Recycle if not enough.

    colors  = ["blue","red","coral","green","yellow","orange"]

    # autopct: format of "percent" string;

    plt.pie(quants, explode=expl, colors=colors, labels=labels, autopct='%1.1f%%',pctdistance=0.8, shadow=True)

    plt.title('Top 10 GDP Countries', bbox={'facecolor':'0.8', 'pad':5})

plt.show()

clip_image006[4]

三、实验小结

Python的安装比较简单,但是numpymatplotlibscipy的安装并没有预期的简单,首先版本得对应安装的python版本,而且分3264位,资源不容易找,安装成功后还要装其他的东西。至于matplitlib的画图感觉还是比较方便的,初学python,虽然整体简洁了很多,但是python的格式的要求过于严格,尤其是缩进等,初学者查了好久都检查不出错误但后来就又稀里糊涂运行成功了,比较抓狂。

 

 

附录:完整代码:

# -*- coding: gbk -*-

import numpy as np

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

import matplotlib as mpl

 

def draw_pie(labels,quants):

    # make a square figure

    plt.figure(1, figsize=(6,6))

    # For China, make the piece explode a bit

    expl = [0,0.1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0]

    # Colors used. Recycle if not enough.

    colors  = ["blue","red","coral","green","yellow","orange"]

    # Pie Plot

    # autopct: format of "percent" string;

    plt.pie(quants, explode=expl, colors=colors, labels=labels, autopct='%1.1f%%',pctdistance=0.8, shadow=True)

    plt.title('Top 10 GDP Countries', bbox={'facecolor':'0.8', 'pad':5})

    plt.show()

def draw_bar(labels,quants):

    width = 0.4

    ind = np.linspace(0.5,9.5,10)

    # make a square figure

    fig = plt.figure(1)

    ax  = fig.add_subplot(111)

    # Bar Plot

    ax.bar(ind-width/2,quants,width,color='green')

    # Set the ticks on x-axis

    ax.set_xticks(ind)

    ax.set_xticklabels(labels)

    # labels

    ax.set_xlabel('Country')

    ax.set_ylabel('GDP (Billion US dollar)')

    # title

    ax.set_title('Top 10 GDP Countries', bbox={'facecolor':'0.8', 'pad':5})

    plt.grid(True)

    plt.show()

def draw_line(labels,quants):

    ind = np.linspace(0,9,10)

    fig = plt.figure(1)

    ax  = fig.add_subplot(111)

    ax.plot(ind,quants)

    ax.set_title('Top 10 GDP Countries', bbox={'facecolor':'0.8', 'pad':5})

    ax.set_xticklabels(labels)

    plt.grid(True)

    plt.show()

# quants: GDP

# labels: country name

labels   = ['USA', 'China', 'India', 'Japan', 'Germany', 'Russia', 'Brazil', 'UK', 'France', 'Italy']

quants   = [15094025.0, 11299967.0, 4457784.0, 4440376.0, 3099080.0, 2383402.0, 2293954.0, 2260803.0, 2217900.0, 1846950.0]

draw_pie(labels,quants)

#draw_bar(labels,quants)

#draw_line(labels,quants)

 

posted @ 2016-03-11 10:23 HUSTLX 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏