WPF 4 Ribbon 开发 之 标签工具栏(Tab Toolbar)

     本篇将开始介绍标签工具栏的开发内容,标签工具栏可以说是Ribbon 的核心部分,应用程序所有的功能特性都会集中在这里,一个强大的Ribbon 工具栏也是一款软件成功的关键。在开始前还是先来看看标签工具栏的结构,从图中可看出Ribbon 工具栏主要分为四部分:Ribbon -> Tab -> Group -> Control

Ribbon

     下面来添加一个Clipboard 菜单组,其中包括三个RibbonButton 控件分别实现“粘贴”、“拷贝”、“剪切”功能。与前两篇文章一样,先为Button 控件编写<RibbonCommand> 和Command 事件内容。

Clipboard

<r:RibbonCommand x:Key="PasteCommand" LabelTitle="Paste"
                 CanExecute="PasteCommand_CanExecute"
                 Executed="PasteCommand_Executed"
                 SmallImageSource="Images/Paste.png"
                 LargeImageSource="Images/Paste.png"
                 ToolTipTitle="Paste" 
ToolTipDescription="Paste contents" /> <r:RibbonCommand x:Key="CopyCommand" LabelTitle="Copy" CanExecute="CopyCommand_CanExecute" Executed="CopyCommand_Executed" SmallImageSource="Images/Copy.png" LargeImageSource="Images/Copy.png" ToolTipTitle="Copy"
ToolTipDescription="Copy selected contents" /> <r:RibbonCommand x:Key="CutCommand" LabelTitle="Cut" CanExecute="CutCommand_CanExecute" Executed="CutCommand_Executed" SmallImageSource="Images/Cut.png" LargeImageSource="Images/Cut.png" ToolTipTitle="Cut"
ToolTipDescription="Cut selected contents" />
private void PasteCommand_CanExecute(object sender, CanExecuteRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    e.CanExecute = ApplicationCommands.Paste.CanExecute(FocusManager.GetFocusedElement(this), null);
}

private void PasteCommand_Executed(object sender, ExecutedRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    ApplicationCommands.Paste.Execute(FocusManager.GetFocusedElement(this), null);
}

private void CopyCommand_CanExecute(object sender, CanExecuteRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    e.CanExecute = ApplicationCommands.Copy.CanExecute(FocusManager.GetFocusedElement(this), null);
}

private void CopyCommand_Executed(object sender, ExecutedRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    ApplicationCommands.Copy.Execute(FocusManager.GetFocusedElement(this), null);
}

private void CutCommand_CanExecute(object sender, CanExecuteRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    e.CanExecute = ApplicationCommands.Cut.CanExecute(FocusManager.GetFocusedElement(this), null);
}

private void CutCommand_Executed(object sender, ExecutedRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    ApplicationCommands.Cut.Execute(FocusManager.GetFocusedElement(this), null);
}

     在Command 事件中使用了ApplicationCommands 来完成Paste、Copy、Cut 各项功能。同时使用FocusManger.GetFocusedElement 来锁定ApplicationCommands 的操作对象(TextBox),这也就是为什么在《WPF 4 Ribbon 开发 之 快捷工具栏(Quick Access Toolbar)》一文中提到的将<Ribbon> 的FocusManager.IsFocusScope 属性设为True 的原因。将上面RibbonCommand 设置加入相应<RibbonButton>的Command 属性中。

<r:Ribbon DockPanel.Dock="Top" FocusManager.IsFocusScope="True" Title="WPF4 Notepad">
    <r:Ribbon.QuickAccessToolBar>
        ... ...
    </r:Ribbon.QuickAccessToolBar>

    <r:Ribbon.ApplicationMenu>
        ... ...
    </r:Ribbon.ApplicationMenu>

    <r:RibbonTab Label="Home">
        <r:RibbonGroup HasDialogLauncher="True" Command="{StaticResource GroupCommand}">
            <r:RibbonGroup.GroupSizeDefinitions>
                <r:RibbonGroupSizeDefinitionCollection>
                    <r:RibbonGroupSizeDefinition>
                        <r:RibbonControlSizeDefinition ImageSize="Large" />
                        <r:RibbonControlSizeDefinition ImageSize="Small" />
                        <r:RibbonControlSizeDefinition ImageSize="Small" />
                    </r:RibbonGroupSizeDefinition>
                </r:RibbonGroupSizeDefinitionCollection>
            </r:RibbonGroup.GroupSizeDefinitions>
            <r:RibbonButton Command="{StaticResource PasteCommand}" />
            <r:RibbonButton Command="{StaticResource CopyCommand}" />
            <r:RibbonButton Command="{StaticResource CutCommand}" />
        </r:RibbonGroup>
    </r:RibbonTab>

    <r:RibbonTab Label="View" />
    <r:RibbonTab Label="Help" />
</r:Ribbon>

     上面程序中通过RibbonControlSizeDefinition 来定义RibbonButton 控件在Group 中的图标显示方式(分别为大、小两种),在本例中我们将Paste 设为大图标,另外Copy、Cut 两个设为小图标。HasDialogLauncher 属性用于设定是否显示Dialog Box Launcher 按键(如下图),如果有需要也可以为Dialog Launcher 添加工具栏。

Launcher

     这样一个RibbonGroup 就完成了。有了上面的基础对于Font 组的开发就轻而易举了,在该组中使用了两个<RibbonControlGroup>控件组分别用于字体颜色和尺寸大小的设置,大家可以参考下面代码进一步了解。

<r:RibbonGroup>
    <r:RibbonGroup.Command>
        <r:RibbonCommand LabelTitle="Font" />
    </r:RibbonGroup.Command>
    <r:RibbonControlGroup>
        <r:RibbonLabel ToolTip="Font Color">
            <r:RibbonLabel.Content>
                <Image Source="Images/Paint.png" Width="16" Height="16" />
            </r:RibbonLabel.Content>
        </r:RibbonLabel>
        <r:RibbonButton ToolTip="Black" Background="Black"
                        CommandParameter="Black">
            <r:RibbonButton.Command>
                <r:RibbonCommand Executed="FontColorCommand_Executed" />
            </r:RibbonButton.Command>
        </r:RibbonButton>
        <r:RibbonButton ToolTip="Red" Background="Red"
                        CommandParameter="Red">
            <r:RibbonButton.Command>
                <r:RibbonCommand Executed="FontColorCommand_Executed" />
            </r:RibbonButton.Command>
        </r:RibbonButton>
        <r:RibbonButton ToolTip="Blue" Background="Blue"
                        CommandParameter="Blue">
            <r:RibbonButton.Command>
                <r:RibbonCommand Executed="FontColorCommand_Executed" />
            </r:RibbonButton.Command>
        </r:RibbonButton>
        <r:RibbonButton ToolTip="Green" Background="Green"
                        CommandParameter="Green">
            <r:RibbonButton.Command>
                <r:RibbonCommand Executed="FontColorCommand_Executed" />
            </r:RibbonButton.Command>
        </r:RibbonButton>
    </r:RibbonControlGroup>

    <r:RibbonControlGroup>
        <r:RibbonLabel ToolTip="Font Size">
            <r:RibbonLabel.Content>
                <Image Source="Images/Font.png" Width="16" Height="16" />
            </r:RibbonLabel.Content>
        </r:RibbonLabel>
        <r:RibbonComboBox x:Name="fontComboBox" Width="80"
                          SelectionChanged="fontComboBox_SelectionChanged">
            <r:RibbonComboBoxItem Content="10"/>
            <r:RibbonComboBoxItem Content="20"/>
            <r:RibbonComboBoxItem Content="30"/>
        </r:RibbonComboBox>
    </r:RibbonControlGroup>
</r:RibbonGroup>

private void FontColorCommand_Executed(object sender, ExecutedRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    txtBox.Foreground = new SolidColorBrush(
            (Color)ColorConverter.ConvertFromString(e.Parameter as string));
}

private void fontComboBox_SelectionChanged(object sender, SelectionChangedEventArgs e)
{
    double fontSize = 0;
    switch (fontComboBox.SelectedIndex)
    {
        case 0:
            fontSize = 10;
            break;
        case 1:
            fontSize = 20;
            break;
        case 2:
            fontSize = 30;
            break;
        default:
            break;
    }
    txtBox.FontSize = fontSize;
}

修改字体大小和颜色后的效果图:

 Notepad

     至此,Ribbon 工具栏相关内容的介绍已全部完成,希望该系列对大家有所帮助。当然Ribbon 控件库中的控件还不止这些,有很多其他控件供开发者使用,有兴趣的朋友可以按需要进行选择,并完善软件的Ribbon 工具栏功能。

本系列相关文章

1. WPF 4 Ribbon 开发 之 快捷工具栏(Quick Access Toolbar)

2. WPF 4 Ribbon 开发 之 应用程序菜单(Application Menu)

源代码下载

posted @ 2010-05-12 09:32  Gnie  阅读(16700)  评论(28编辑  收藏  举报
Copyright © 2010 Gnie