linux中shell变量$#,$@,$0,$1,$2的含义解释

摘抄自:ABS_GUIDE

下载地址:http://www.tldp.org/LDP/abs/abs-guide.pdf

linux中shell变量$#,$@,$0,$1,$2的含义解释: 
变量说明: 
$$ 
Shell本身的PID(ProcessID) 
$! 
Shell最后运行的后台Process的PID 
$? 
最后运行的命令的结束代码(返回值) 
$- 
使用Set命令设定的Flag一览 
$* 
所有参数列表。如"$*"用「"」括起来的情况、以"$1 $2 … $n"的形式输出所有参数。 
$@ 
所有参数列表。如"$@"用「"」括起来的情况、以"$1" "$2" … "$n" 的形式输出所有参数。 
$# 
添加到Shell的参数个数 
$0 
Shell本身的文件名 
$1~$n 
添加到Shell的各参数值。$1是第1参数、$2是第2参数…。 

示例:

  1 #!/bin/bash
  2 #
  3 printf "The complete list is %s\n" "$$"
  4 printf "The complete list is %s\n" "$!"
  5 printf "The complete list is %s\n" "$?"
  6 printf "The complete list is %s\n" "$*"
  7 printf "The complete list is %s\n" "$@"
  8 printf "The complete list is %s\n" "$#"
  9 printf "The complete list is %s\n" "$0"
 10 printf "The complete list is %s\n" "$1"
 11 printf "The complete list is %s\n" "$2

结果:

[Aric@localhost ~]$ bash params.sh 123456 QQ
The complete list is 24249
The complete list is 
The complete list is 0
The complete list is 123456 QQ
The complete list is 123456
The complete list is QQ
The complete list is 2
The complete list is params.sh
The complete list is 123456
The complete list is QQ
posted @ 2011-04-15 23:02 fhefh 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏