sed 替换换行回车

A carriage return linefeed (CRLF) is a special sequence of characters, used by DOS/Windows, to signify the end of a line of text. However, in *nix, only a linefeed (LF) is required to signify a line ending.




Delete/Replace a Carriage Return (CR) with sed

There are a few ways to remove or replace a carriage return with sed.

    sed 's/.$//' test.CRLF.txt > test1.txt


    sed 's/\x0D$//' test.CRLF.txt > test2.txt


    sed 's/\r//' test.CRLF.txt > test3.txt


The first method assumes all lines end with CRLF, while the second and third method depend on the version of sed.

Delete/Replace a Linefeed (LF) with sed

By default, sed strips the newline as the line is placed into the pattern space. However, the workaround is to read the whole file into a loop first.

sed ':a;N;$!ba;s/\n/<text>/g'


:a       - create a label 'a'
N        - append the next line to the pattern space
$!       - if not the last line
ba       - branch (go to) label 'a'
s        - substitute
/\n/     - regex for new line
/<text>/ - with text "<text>"
g        - global match (as many times as it can)

Example: Delete Newlines (CRLF) with sed

Delete the carriage return first, and then delete the linefeed.

    sed -i 's/\r//g' example.txt
    sed example delete newline carriage return.png
    sed -i ':a;N;$!ba;s/\n/<text>/g' example.txt
    sed example delete newline linefeed.png

tr: A Simpler Way to Replace or Delete a Newline (CRLF)

The tr utility is a preferred and simpler method for replacing end of line characters as the pattern buffer is not limited like in sed.

tr '\r\n' '<replace with text>' < input_file > output_file

or to delete the newline (CRLF),

tr -d '\r\n' < input_file > output_file


\r - carriage return
\n - linefeed

Example: Delete Newlines (CRLF) with tr
    tr -d '\r\n' < example.txt > example2.txt
    tr example delete newline CRLF.png

Command Line Examples

Note: The command cat will concatenate files and print on the standard output. The option A will use ^ and M notation to show non-printing characters, display $ at end of each line, and display TAB characters as ^I.







posted @ 2017-10-21 05:47 emanlee 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏