实战之elasticsearch集群及filebeat server和logstash server

author:JevonWei
版权声明:原创作品
blog:http://119.23.52.191/


实战之elasticsearch集群及filebeat server和logstash server

环境

elasticsearch集群节点环境为172.16.100.120:9200,172.16.100.121:9200,172.16.100.122:9200
logstash server服务端为172.16.100.121
filebeat server服务端为172.16.100.121
httpd服务产生日志信息 172.16.100.121 
redis服务端172.16.253.181
kibana服务端172.16.253.181
tomcat server端172.16.253.145

网络拓扑图

image

elasticsearch集群构建如上,在此省略

filebeat server

下载filebeat程序包
    https://www.elastic.co/downloads/beats/filebeat

[root@node4 ~]# ls filebeat-5.5.1-x86_64.rpm 
filebeat-5.5.1-x86_64.rpm

安装filebeat

[root@node4 ~]# yum -y install filebeat-5.5.1-x86_64.rpm
[root@node4 ~]# rpm -ql filebeat

编辑filebeat.yml文件

[root@node2 ~]# vim /etc/filebeat/filebeat.yml
- input_type: log
    - /var/log/httpd/access_log*    指定数据的输入路径为access_log开头的所有文件
output.logstash:     \\数据输出到logstash中
    # The Logstash hosts
    hosts: ["172.16.100.121:5044"]   \\指定logstash服务端

启动服务

[root@node4 ~]# systemctl start filebeat 

logstash server

安装java环境

[root@node2 ~]# yum -y install java-1.8.0-openjdk-devel

下载logstash程序

https://www.elastic.co/downloads/logstash
    

安装logstash程序

[root@node2 ~]# ll logstash-5.5.1.rpm 
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 94158545 Aug 21 17:06 logstash-5.5.1.rpm
[root@node4 ~]# rpm -ivh logstash-5.5.1.rpm 

编辑logstash的配置文件

[root@node2 ~]# vim /etc/logstash/logstash.yml文件配置
path.data: /var/lib/logstash            数据存放路径
path.config: /etc/logstash/conf.d       配置文件的读取路径
path.logs: /var/log/logstash            日志文件的保存路径
        
[root@node2 ~]# vim  /etc/logstash/jvm.options环境文件
-Xms256m   启用的内存大小
-Xmx1g

编辑/etc/logstash/conf.d/test.conf 文件

[root@node4 ~]# vim /etc/logstash/conf.d/test.conf 
input {
    beats {
        port => 5044
    }
}

filter {
    grok {
        match => {
            "message" => "%{COMBINEDAPACHELOG}"
        }
    remove_field => "message"   \\只显示message字段的数据
    }
}

output {
    elasticsearch {
        hosts => ["http://172.16.100.120:9200","http://172.16.100.121:9200","http://172.16.100.122:9200"]
        index => "logstash-%{+YYYY.MM.dd}"
        action => "index"
    }
}

测试/etc/logstash/conf.d/test.conf文件语法

[root@node2 ~]# /usr/share/logstash/bin/logstash -t -f /etc/logstash/conf.d/test.conf

执行/etc/logstash/conf.d/test.conf文件

[root@node2 ~]#/usr/share/logstash/bin/logstash -f /etc/logstash/conf.d/test.conf

客户端访问测试索引信息是否生成

[root@node5 ~]#curl -XGET '172.16.100.120:9200/_cat/indices'
green open logstash-2017.10.12 baieaGWpSN-BA28dAlqxhA 5 1 27 0 186.7kb 93.3kb

从redis插件读取采集数据

Redis

[root@node4 ~]# yum -y install redis
[root@node4 ~]# vim /etc/redis.conf 
bind 0.0.0.0                监听所有地址
requirepass danran      设定密码为danran
[root@node4 ~]# systemctl restart redis

连接测试redis是否正常

[root@node4 ~]# redis-cli -h 172.16.253.181 -a danran
172.16.253.181:6379> 

配置logstash server文件

[root@node2 ~]# vim /etc/logstash/conf.d/redis-input.conf
input {
    redis {
        host => "172.16.253.181"
        port => "6379"
        password => "danran"
        db => "0"
        data_type => "list"    \\定义数据类型为列表格式
        key => "filebeat"   \\定义key为filebeat,与filebeat.yml定义key一致
    }
}

filter {
    grok {
        match => {
           "message" => "%{COMBINEDAPACHELOG}"
        }
    remove_field => "message"
    }
    mutate {
        rename => {"clientip" => "[httpd][clientip]" }
    }
}

output {
    elasticsearch {
        hosts => ["http://172.16.100.120:9200","http://172.16.100.121:9200","http://172.16.100.122:9200"]
        index => "logstash-%{+YYYY.MM.dd}"
        action => "index"
    }
}

重启logstash server

[root@node2 ~]# systemctl restart logstash

配置filebeat的数据输出到redis

[root@node2 ~]# vim /etc/filebeat/filebeat.yml   
- input_type: log
    - /var/log/httpd/access_log*    指定数据的输入路径为access_log开头的所有文件

#-----------------------redis output ---------------------------

output.redis:
    hosts: ["172.16.253.181"]    \\redis服务端
    port: "6379"
    password: "danran"        \\redis密码
    key: "filebeat"               \\定义key,与redis-input.conf文件中input字段的key保存一致
    db: 0                         \\指定输出的数据库为0
    timeout: 5

重启filebeat

[root@node2 ~]# systemctl restart filebeat    

客户端访问httpd服务

[root@node1 ~]# curl 172.16.100.121
test page

登录redis数据库查看数据是否采集

[root@node4 ~]# redis-cli -h 172.16.253.181 -a danran

查看elasticsearch集群是否采集数据
image

启用geoip插件

下载geoip程序安装
[root@node2 ~]# ll GeoLite2-City.tar.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 25511308 Aug 21 05:06 GeoLite2-City.tar.gz

[root@node2 ~]# cd GeoLite2-City_20170704/
[root@node2 GeoLite2-City_20170704]# mv GeoLite2-City.mmdb /etc/logstash/

配置logstash server文件

[root@node2 ~]# vim /etc/logstash/conf.d/geoip.conf
input {
    redis {
        host => "172.16.253.181"
        port => "6379"
        password => "danran"
        db => "0"
        data_type => "list"    \\定义数据类型为列表格式
        key => "filebeat"   \\定义key为filebeat,与filebeat.yml定义key一致
    }
}

filter {
    grok {
        match => {
           "message" => "%{COMBINEDAPACHELOG}"
        }
    remove_field => "message"
    }
    geoip {
        source => "clientip"    指定客户端IP查找
        target => "geoip"
        database => "/etc/logstash/GeoLite2-City.mmdb"  \\指定geoip数据库文件
    }
}

output {
    elasticsearch {
        hosts => ["http://172.16.100.120:9200","http://172.16.100.121:9200","http://172.16.100.122:9200"]
        index => "logstash-%{+YYYY.MM.dd}"
        action => "index"
    }
}

测试redis-input.conf文件语法

[root@node2 ~]#  /usr/share/logstash/bin/logstash -t -f /etc/logstash/conf.d/redis-input.conf 

指定配置文件启动logstash

[root@node2 ~]#  /usr/share/logstash/bin/logstash -f /etc/logstash/conf.d/redis-input.conf    

客户端访问httpd

[root@node1 ~]# curl 172.16.100.121         test page

查看elasticsearch-head中信息,可根据IP地址查询区域
image

模仿两条外部的访问日志信息

[root@node2 ~]# echo '72.16.100.120 - - [11/Oct/2017:22:32:21 -0400] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 10 "-" "curl/7.29.0"' >> /var/log/httpd/access_log 

[root@node2 ~]# echo '22.16.100.120 - - [11/Oct/2017:22:32:21 -0400] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 10 "-" "curl/7.29.0"' >> /var/log/httpd/access_log 

查看elasticsearch-head中信息,可根据IP地址查询区域
image

启用kibana插件

下载安装kibana

[root@node4 ~]# ls kibana-5.5.1-x86_64.rpm 
kibana-5.5.1-x86_64.rpm
[root@node4 ~]# rpm -ivh kibana-5.5.1-x86_64.rpm 

配置kibana.yml文件

[root@node4 ~]# vim /etc/kibana/kibana.yml 
server.port: 5601           监听端口
server.host: "0.0.0.0"    监听地址
elasticsearch.url: "http://172.16.100.120:9200" 指定elasticsearch集群中的某个节点URL

启动服务

[root@node4 ~]# systemctl start kibana brandbot 
[root@node4 ~]# ss -ntl   监听5601端口

配置logstash server数据采集文件

[root@node2 ~]# vim /etc/logstash/conf.d/geoip.conf
input {
    redis {
        host => "172.16.253.181"
        port => "6379"
        password => "danran"
        db => "0"
        data_type => "list"    \\定义数据类型为列表格式
        key => "filebeat"   \\定义key为filebeat,与filebeat.yml定义key一致
    }
}

filter {
    grok {
        match => {
           "message" => "%{COMBINEDAPACHELOG}"
        }
    remove_field => "message"
    }
    geoip {
        source => "clientip"    指定客户端IP查找
        target => "geoip"
        database => "/etc/logstash/GeoLite2-City.mmdb"  \\指定geoip数据库文件
    }
}

output {
    elasticsearch {
        hosts => ["http://172.16.100.120:9200","http://172.16.100.121:9200","http://172.16.100.122:9200"]
        index => "logstash-%{+YYYY.MM.dd}"
        action => "index"
    }
}

测试redis-input.conf文件语法

[root@node2 ~]#  /usr/share/logstash/bin/logstash -t -f /etc/logstash/conf.d/redis-input.conf 

指定配置文件启动logstash

[root@node2 ~]#  /usr/share/logstash/bin/logstash -f /etc/logstash/conf.d/redis-input.conf  

elasticsearch-head中查看信息
image

Web加载kibana

浏览器键入http://172.16.253.181:5601

image
image

图形显示访问数据统计
image
image

采集监控tomcat节点日志

安装tomcat服务

[root@node5 ~]# yum -y install tomcat tomcat-webapps tomcat-admin-webapps tomcat-docs-webapp
[root@node5 ~]# systemctl start tomcat
[root@node5 ~]# ss -ntl   \\8080端口已监听

查看日志文件路径

[root@node5 ~]# ls /var/log/tomcat/localhost_access_log.2017-10-12.txt 
/var/log/tomcat/localhost_access_log.2017-10-12.txt

安装filebeat

下载filebeat程序包
    https://www.elastic.co/downloads/beats/filebeat

[root@node4 ~]# ls filebeat-5.5.1-x86_64.rpm 
filebeat-5.5.1-x86_64.rpm

安装filebeat

[root@node4 ~]# yum -y install filebeat-5.5.1-x86_64.rpm
[root@node4 ~]# rpm -ql filebeat

配置filebeat.yml文件

[root@node5 ~]# vim /etc/filebeat/filebeat.yml 
- input_type: log
    - /var/log/tomcat/*.txt    数据文件的采集路径
#---------------------------redis output ---------------------
output.redis:
    hosts: ["172.16.253.181"]
    port: "6379"
    password: "danran"
    key: "fb-tomcat"
    db: 0
    timeout: 5

启动filebeat服务

[root@node5 ~]# systemctl start filebeat 

配置logstash server端数据采集配置文件

[root@node2 ~]# vim /etc/logstash/conf.d/tomcat.conf
input {
    redis {
        host => "172.16.253.181"
        port => "6379"
        password => "danran"
        db => "0"
        data_type => "list"    \\定义数据类型为列表格式
        key => "fb-tomcat"   \\定义key为filebeat,与filebeat.yml定义key一致
    }
}

filter {
    grok {
        match => {
           "message" => "%{COMMONAPACHELOG}"
        }
    remove_field => "message"
    }
    geoip {
        source => "clientip"    指定客户端IP查找
        target => "geoip"
        database => "/etc/logstash/GeoLite2-City.mmdb"  \\指定geoip数据库文件
    }
}

output {
    elasticsearch {
        hosts => ["http://172.16.100.120:9200","http://172.16.100.121:9200","http://172.16.100.122:9200"]
        index => "logstash-tomcat-%{+YYYY.MM.dd}"
        action => "index"
    }
}

测试redis-input.conf文件语法

[root@node2 ~]#/usr/share/logstash/bin/logstash -t -f /etc/logstash/conf.d/tomcat.conf 

重新启动logstash

[root@node2 ~]# systemctl restart logstash

elasticsearch-head中查看是否产生logstash-toncat索引信息
image

配置kibana可视化查看索引数据

浏览器键入http://172.16.253.181:5601
posted @ 2017-10-12 22:20 JevonWei 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏