mongodb mapreduce小试

最近由于产品业务的需求,需要使用一些数据量比较相对有点大的计算,顺便试试mongodb的mapreduce功能,感觉还不错

 

下面是官方提供的一个例子:

$ ./mongo
> db.things.insert( { _id : 1, tags : ['dog', 'cat'] } );
> db.things.insert( { _id : 2, tags : ['cat'] } );
> db.things.insert( { _id : 3, tags : ['mouse', 'cat', 'dog'] } );
> db.things.insert( { _id : 4, tags : []  } );

> // map function
> m = function(){
...    this.tags.forEach(
...        function(z){
...            emit( z , { count : 1 } );
...        }
...    );
...};

> // reduce function
> r = function( key , values ){
...    var total = 0;
...    for ( var i=0; i<values.length; i++ )
...        total += values[i].count;
...    return { count : total };
...};

> res = db.things.mapReduce(m,r);
> res
{"timeMillis.emit" : 9 , "result" : "mr.things.1254430454.3" ,
 "numObjects" : 4 , "timeMillis" : 9 , "errmsg" : "" , "ok" : 0}

> db[res.result].find()
{"_id" : "cat" , "value" : {"count" : 3}}
{"_id" : "dog" , "value" : {"count" : 2}}
{"_id" : "mouse" , "value" : {"count" : 1}} 

> db[res.result].drop()

mapreduce参数说明

db.runCommand(
{ 
    mapreduce : <collection>,  
    map : <mapfunction>,    
    reduce : <reducefunction>  
    [, query : <query filter object>]    
    [, sort : <sort the query.  useful for optimization>]    
    [, limit : <number of objects to return from collection>]    
    [, out : <output-collection name>]    
    [, keeptemp: <true|false>]    
    [, finalize : <finalizefunction>]    
    [, scope : <object where fields go into javascript global scope >]    
    [, verbose : true]  
});

    mapreduce:指定要进行mapreduce处理的collection
    map:map函数
    reduce:reduce函数
    query:一个筛选条件,只有满足条件的行才会加入mapreduce集合,而这个筛选过程是先于整个mapreduce流程而执行的
    sort:和query结合的sort排序参数,这是唯一可以优化分组机制的地方
    limit:同上
    out:结果输出的collection的名字,不指定会默认创建一个随机名字的collection
    keytemp:true或false,表明结果输出到的collection是否是临时的,如果为true,则会在客户端连接中断后自动删除,如果你用的是MongoDB的mongo客户端连接,那必须exit后才会删除。如果是脚本执行,脚本退出或调用close会自动删除结果collection
    finalize:和map,reduce一样是一个函数,它可以在reduce得出一个结果后再对key和value进行一次计算并返回一个最终结果
    scope:设置参数值,在这里设置的值在map,reduce,finalize函数中可见
    verbose:在执行过程中打印调试信息。

返回格式:

{ 
result : <collection_name>,   
counts : {input :  <number of objects scanned>, emit  : <number of times emit was called>, output : <number of items in output collection>} ,
timeMillis : <job_time>,
ok : <1_if_ok>,
[, err : <errmsg_if_error>] 
}

 

 下面来一个略微复杂一点的例子,下面是统计房源列表页房源的曝光量:

mongodb数据格式:

{ "_id" : ObjectId("50364d9fdec7d5ce4000198d"), "pn" : "Listing_V2_IndexPage_All", "guid" : "E200F425-30E7-0D97-9B3A-E047A08CE47C", "uguid" : "4455754C-B2A0-7EDA-6387-A50F0228DE7F", "url" : "http://shanghai.haozu.com/listing/pudong/?from=in_area", "referer" : "http://shanghai.haozu.com/", "site" : "haozu", "stamp" : "1345691212948", "cip" : "116.231.123.184", "sessid" : "B1197AA0-976C-F6EF-BB6F-9401D8E983DD", "cid" : "11", "cstamp" : "1345691178421", "cstparam" : "{\"found\":\"37695\",\"proids\":\"10290023|10353348|8448223|10310737|10311720|10250125|10320886|8507299|10332158|10341287|10266002|10322302|9185878|10273552|10272872|10282252|10270250|10336122|9350169|10196350|8533446|10250019|10335617|10222489\"}", "rfpn" : "Home_Index8Page", "agent" : "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1; SV1; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.0.04506.30; 360SE; 360SE)" }

房源id保存在cstparam字段里面,是一个字符串,因此需要正则进行一下匹配,然后取出进行统计
,因此对应的map,reduce的写法为:

map方法:

var m=function () {
    var arr = this.cstparam.split("\"");
    var str_ids = arr[arr.length - 2];
    var arr_ids = str_ids.split("|");
    for (var i in arr_ids) {
        emit(arr_ids[i], 1);
    }
}

reduce方法:

var reduce=function (key, emits) {
    var count = 0;
    for (var i in emits) {
        count += emits[i];
    }
    return count;
}

 执行:

db.log_soj.mapReduce(map,reduce,{out:'result_tmp',query:{'cstparam':{'$exists':true},'cstparam':/proids/}});

返回结果:

{
    "result" : "result_tmp",
    "timeMillis" : 18888,
    "counts" : {
        "input" : 15742,
        "emit" : 333011,
        "reduce" : 103137,
        "output" : 150897
    },
    "ok" : 1,
}

 结果集:

{ "_id" : "10000003", "value" : 1 }
{ "_id" : "10000016", "value" : 2 }
{ "_id" : "10000032", "value" : 1 }
{ "_id" : "10000039", "value" : 1 }
{ "_id" : "10000043", "value" : 1 }
{ "_id" : "10000059", "value" : 1 }

 

再来一个,和上例类似,但是按照房源所出现的城市进行曝光量的统计

map函数:

function () {
    var arr = this.cstparam.split("\"");
    var str_ids = arr[arr.length - 2];
    var arr_ids = str_ids.split("|");
    for (var i in arr_ids) {
        var key = arr_ids[i] + "_" + this.cid;
        emit(key, {prop_id:arr_ids[i], city_id:this.cid, count:1});
    }
}

reduce函数:

function (key, emits) {
    var total = 0;
    for (var i in emits) {
        total += emits[i].count;
    }
    return {prop_id:emits[0].prop_id, city_id:emits[0].city_id, count:total};
}

执行:

db.log_soj.mapReduce(m1,r1,{out:'result_tmp',query:{'cstparam':{'$exists':true},'cstparam':/proids/}});

结果:

{ "_id" : "10000003_undefined", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000003", "city_id" : null, "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000016_14", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000016", "city_id" : "14", "count" : 2 } }
{ "_id" : "10000032_15", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000032", "city_id" : "15", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000039_15", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000039", "city_id" : "15", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000043_11", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000043", "city_id" : "11", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000059_17", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000059", "city_id" : "17", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000068_11", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000068", "city_id" : "11", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000099_15", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000099", "city_id" : "15", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000100_18", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000100", "city_id" : "18", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000106_14", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000106", "city_id" : "14", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000109_18", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000109", "city_id" : "18", "count" : 3 } }
{ "_id" : "10000112_15", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000112", "city_id" : "15", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000118_15", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000118", "city_id" : "15", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000156_11", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000156", "city_id" : "11", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000224_14", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000224", "city_id" : "14", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000250_22", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000250", "city_id" : "22", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000262_25", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000262", "city_id" : "25", "count" : 1 } }
{ "_id" : "10000267_14", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000267", "city_id" : "14", "count" : 3 } }
{ "_id" : "10000305_14", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000305", "city_id" : "14", "count" : 3 } }
{ "_id" : "10000323_11", "value" : { "prop_id" : "10000323", "city_id" : "11", "count" : 1 } }

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http://www.cnblogs.com/xiazh/archive/2012/09/05/2671730.html

posted @ 2012-09-07 12:08 涛光 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏