webservice系统学习笔记7-使用handler实现过滤器/拦截器效果

handler可以作用于客户端,也可以作用了服务端

handler分为:1、LogicalHandler:只能获取到soap消息的body。

       2、SOAPHandler:可以获取SOAPMessage的信息(我们通常用这种)。

客户端--》服务端的请求中通过handler的顺序:

假如客户端和服务端的handler-chain.xml中定义的顺序都是:LogicalHandler1/SOAPHandler1/LogicalHandler2/SOAPHandler2

那么请求的顺序将是:

client-->LogicalHandler1-->LogicalHandler2-->SOAPHandler1-->SOAPHandler2-->|服务器容器|-->SOAPHandler1-->SOAPHandler2-->LogicalHandler1-->LogicalHandler2-->service

 

一、在客户端加handler

服务端service

@Override
public void testException() throws MyException{
     throw new MyException("this is my exception");
}

在classpath目录下添加handler文件:handler-chain.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<javaee:handler-chains 
     xmlns:javaee="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" 
     xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
  <javaee:handler-chain>
    <javaee:handler>
      <javaee:handler-class>com.ws03.MySoapHandler</javaee:handler-class>
    </javaee:handler>
<!--还可以加入其它的handler 
 <javaee:handler>
      <javaee:handler-class>com.ws03.MySoapHandler</javaee:handler-class>
    </javaee:handler>
-->
  </javaee:handler-chain>
</javaee:handler-chains>

 MySoapHandler.java

package com.ws03;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Set;
import javax.xml.namespace.QName;
import javax.xml.soap.SOAPEnvelope;
import javax.xml.soap.SOAPException;
import javax.xml.soap.SOAPHeader;
import javax.xml.soap.SOAPMessage;
import javax.xml.ws.handler.MessageContext;
import javax.xml.ws.handler.soap.SOAPHandler;
import javax.xml.ws.handler.soap.SOAPMessageContext;

public class MySoapHandler implements SOAPHandler<SOAPMessageContext> {
    @Override
    public boolean handleFault(SOAPMessageContext context) {
        System.out.println("run handleFault method!");
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * 先判断是否是发出去的消息,然后再在soapheader中添加消息userpassword
     */
    @Override
    public boolean handleMessage(SOAPMessageContext context) {
        System.out.println("run handleMessage method!");
        Boolean out = (Boolean)context.get(MessageContext.MESSAGE_OUTBOUND_PROPERTY);
        if(out){
            SOAPMessage message = context.getMessage();
            try {
                SOAPEnvelope senv = message.getSOAPPart().getEnvelope();
                SOAPHeader header = senv.getHeader();
                if(header==null){
                    header = senv.addHeader();
                }
                QName qname = new QName("http://ws01.com/", "userpassword","lic");
                header.addChildElement(qname).setValue("123456");
                message.writeTo(System.out);
                System.out.println();
            } catch (SOAPException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
//返回true表示继续执行之后的业务代码,否则停止运行业务代码
return true; } @Override public void close(MessageContext context) { System.out.println("run close method!"); } @Override public Set<QName> getHeaders() { return null; } }

 

使用wsimport命令或者myeclipse生成客户端代码:

修改生成的IServiceImpService.java文件,在类定义上加上下面注解:

@HandlerChain(file="handler-chain.xml")

测试类:

@Test
public void test01(){
    IServiceImpService service = new IServiceImpService();
    IService iService = service.getIServiceImpPort();
    try {
        iService.testException();
    } catch (MyException_Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

运行结果:

run handleMessage method!
<S:Envelope xmlns:S="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"><S:Header><lic:userpassword xmlns:lic="http://ws01.com/">123456</lic:userpassword></S:Header><S:Body><ns2:testException xmlns:ns2="http://ws01.com/"/></S:Body></S:Envelope>
run handleFault method!
run close method!
com.ws03.MyException_Exception: test exception
.....................

 

 二、服务器端获取soapheader消息

编写服务端handler的java文件,并配置。

ServiceSoapHandler.java

package com.ws01;

import java.util.Set;

import javax.xml.namespace.QName;
import javax.xml.soap.SOAPException;
import javax.xml.soap.SOAPHeader;
import javax.xml.soap.SOAPMessage;
import javax.xml.ws.handler.MessageContext;
import javax.xml.ws.handler.soap.SOAPHandler;
import javax.xml.ws.handler.soap.SOAPMessageContext;

import org.w3c.dom.Node;

public class ServiceSoapHandler implements SOAPHandler<SOAPMessageContext> {

    /**
     * 如果客户端的saopheader为空或者密码不能123456则直接停止运行业务代码
     */
    @Override
    public boolean handleMessage(SOAPMessageContext context) {
        Boolean out = (Boolean)context.get(SOAPMessageContext.MESSAGE_OUTBOUND_PROPERTY);
        if(!out){
            SOAPMessage message = context.getMessage();
            try {
                SOAPHeader header = message.getSOAPPart().getEnvelope().getHeader();
                if(header != null){
                    Node node = header.getElementsByTagName("lic:userpassword").item(0);
                    String password = node.getTextContent();
                    System.out.println("client send password:"+password);
                    if(!"123456".equals(password)) return false;
                }else{
                    return false;
                }
            } catch (SOAPException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            
        }
        return true;
    }
    
    @Override
    public Set<QName> getHeaders() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public void close(MessageContext context) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        
    }

    @Override
    public boolean handleFault(SOAPMessageContext context) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        return false;
    }
}

IServiceImp.java

package com.ws01;

import javax.jws.HandlerChain;
import javax.jws.WebService;

@WebService(endpointInterface="com.ws01.IService")
@HandlerChain(file="service-handler-chain.xml")
public class IServiceImp implements IService {

    @Override
    public void testException() throws MyException {
        throw new MyException("test exception");
        //throw new RuntimeException("service runtime Exception");
    }

}

service-handler-chain.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?>
<javaee:handler-chains 
     xmlns:javaee="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" 
     xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
  <javaee:handler-chain>
    <javaee:handler>
      <javaee:handler-class>com.ws01.ServiceSoapHandler</javaee:handler-class>
    </javaee:handler>
  </javaee:handler-chain>
</javaee:handler-chains>

 

 

 

posted @ 2013-09-06 22:46 自行车上的程序员 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏