PHP7 学习笔记(二)PHP5.9 升级到PHP7 遇到的一些坑的记录(php-fpm 图解)

apache_event_php-fpm 示意图:


 

nginx-php-fpm示意图:


 

 

 

Worker-Master-Server


 TCP-Nginx_PHP


Nginx-FastCGI


 

 

1、使用$_GET 获取所有参数,php7 会多出一个参数:_url ,例如访问的地址

http://127.0.0.1/Home/String/index2?a=12&b=19

 此时的的参数_url = "Home/String/index2"

2、在PHP7 中为一个Error:PHP Notice: Undefined index: HTTP_USER_AGENT in line 2 

  php5.9则为一个notice 

2017/03/27 10:58:09 [error] 5286#0: *851 FastCGI sent in stderr: "PHP message: PHP Notice:  Undefined index: HTTP_USER_AGENT in /home/UserAgent.php on line 9" while reading response header from upstream

解决:http://stackoverflow.com/questions/16330496/php-notice-undefined-index-http-user-agent-in-line-2

if(!empty($_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'])){
  $user_agent = $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];    
} else {
  $user_agent = ''; 
}

3、NULL 合并运算符 ,PHP7才正式加入了??这个运算符:

// 获取user参数的值(如果为空,则用'nobody')
$username = $_GET['user'] ?? 'nobody';
// 等价于:
$username = isset($_GET['user']) ? $_GET['user'] : 'nobody';

 4、php-fpm 没有启动的后果

2017/03/31 20:56:19 [crit] 19288#0: *1 connect() to unix:/var/run/php7.0.9-fpm.sock failed (2: No such file or directory) while connecting to upstream, client: 127.0.0.1, 
server: www.phalcon3.com, request: "GET /index.php HTTP/1.1", upstream: "fastcgi://unix:/var/run/php7.0.9-fpm.sock:", host: "127.0.0.1"
tinywan@tinywan:/usr/local/nginx/logs$ ll /var/run/php7.0.9-fpm.sock
ls: 无法访问'/var/run/php7.0.9-fpm.sock': 没有那个文件或目录

搞了半天,原来php-fmp 没有启动,

posted @ 2017-03-27 10:16 Tinywan 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏