JavaScript生成GUID的算法


全局唯一标识符(GUID,Globally Unique Identifier)也称作 UUID(Universally Unique IDentifier) 。

GUID是一种由算法生成的二进制长度为128位的数字标识符。GUID 的格式为“xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx”,其中的 x 是 0-9 或 a-f 范围内的一个32位十六进制数。在理想情况下,任何计算机和计算机集群都不会生成两个相同的GUID。

GUID 的总数达到了2^128(3.4×10^38)个,所以随机生成两个相同GUID的可能性非常小,但并不为0。GUID一词有时也专指微软对UUID标准的实现。

 

算法1

function uuid() {
    var s = [];
    var hexDigits = "0123456789abcdef";
    for (var i = 0; i < 36; i++) {
        s[i] = hexDigits.substr(Math.floor(Math.random() * 0x10), 1);
    }
    s[14] = "4";  // bits 12-15 of the time_hi_and_version field to 0010
    s[19] = hexDigits.substr((s[19] & 0x3) | 0x8, 1);  // bits 6-7 of the clock_seq_hi_and_reserved to 01
    s[8] = s[13] = s[18] = s[23] = "-";

    var uuid = s.join("");
    return uuid;
}

 

算法2

function guid() {
    return 'xxxxxxxx-xxxx-4xxx-yxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx'.replace(/[xy]/g, function(c) {
        var r = Math.random()*16|0, v = c == 'x' ? r : (r&0x3|0x8);
        return v.toString(16);
    });
}

 

算法3

function guid() {
    function S4() {
       return (((1+Math.random())*0x10000)|0).toString(16).substring(1);
    }
    return (S4()+S4()+"-"+S4()+"-"+S4()+"-"+S4()+"-"+S4()+S4()+S4());
}

 

算法4

function uuid(len, radix) {
    var chars = '0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz'.split('');
    var uuid = [], i;
    radix = radix || chars.length;

    if (len) {
      // Compact form
      for (i = 0; i < len; i++) uuid[i] = chars[0 | Math.random()*radix];
    } else {
      // rfc4122, version 4 form
      var r;

      // rfc4122 requires these characters
      uuid[8] = uuid[13] = uuid[18] = uuid[23] = '-';
      uuid[14] = '4';

      // Fill in random data.  At i==19 set the high bits of clock sequence as
      // per rfc4122, sec. 4.1.5
      for (i = 0; i < 36; i++) {
        if (!uuid[i]) {
          r = 0 | Math.random()*16;
          uuid[i] = chars[(i == 19) ? (r & 0x3) | 0x8 : r];
        }
      }
    }

    return uuid.join('');
}

这个可以指定长度和基数。比如

// 8 character ID (base=2)
uuid(8, 2)  //  "01001010"
// 8 character ID (base=10)
uuid(8, 10) // "47473046"
// 8 character ID (base=16)
uuid(8, 16) // "098F4D35"

 

 

源自:

http://www.broofa.com/2008/09/javascript-uuid-function/

http://note19.com/2007/05/27/javascript-guid-generator/

http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4122.txt

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/105034/how-to-create-a-guid-uuid-in-javascript/873856#873856

posted on 2013-08-16 12:10 snandy 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

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