SQL Server镜像自动生成脚本

SQL Server镜像自动生成脚本

 

镜像的搭建非常繁琐,花了一点时间写了这个脚本,方便大家搭建镜像

执行完这个镜像脚本之后,最好在每台机器都绑定一下hosts文件,不然的话,镜像可能会不work

192.168.1.1 WSQL01
192.168.1.2 WSQL02
192.168.1.3 WWEB03

 

SQL2008R2升级到SQL2014,升级之前先对数据库进行完整和日志备份,以免升级失败

 

请注意:--★Do部分都是需要填写的

-- =============================================
-- Author:      <桦仔>
-- Blog:        <http://www.cnblogs.com/lyhabc/>
-- Create date: <2013/8/18>
-- Description: <镜像自动生成脚本>
-- =============================================


--环境:非域环境



DECLARE @DBName NVARCHAR(255)
DECLARE @masterip NVARCHAR(255)
DECLARE @mirrorip NVARCHAR(255)
DECLARE @witness NVARCHAR(255)
DECLARE @masteriptail NVARCHAR(255)
DECLARE @mirroriptail NVARCHAR(255)
DECLARE @witnesstail NVARCHAR(255)
DECLARE @certpath NVARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @Restorepath NVARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @Restorepath1 NVARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @Restorepath2 NVARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @MKPASSWORD NVARCHAR(500)
DECLARE @LOGINPWD NVARCHAR(500)
DECLARE @LISTENER_PORT  NVARCHAR(500)
DECLARE @SQL NVARCHAR(MAX)
DECLARE @MASTERHOST_NAME NVARCHAR(50)
DECLARE @SLAVEHOST_NAME NVARCHAR(50)
DECLARE @WITNESSHOST_NAME NVARCHAR(50)


if OBJECT_ID ('tempdb..#temp')is not null 
BEGIN 
 DROP TABLE #BackupFileList
END

CREATE TABLE #BackupFileList 
    (
      LogicalName NVARCHAR(100) ,
      PhysicalName NVARCHAR(100) ,
      BackupType CHAR(1) ,
      FileGroupName NVARCHAR(50) ,
      SIZE BIGINT ,
      MaxSize BIGINT ,
      FileID BIGINT ,
      CreateLSN BIGINT ,
      DropLSN BIGINT NULL ,
      UniqueID UNIQUEIDENTIFIER ,
      ReadOnlyLSN BIGINT NULL ,
      ReadWriteLSN BIGINT NULL ,
      BackupSizeInBytes BIGINT ,
      SourceBlockSize INT ,
      FileGroupID INT ,
      LogGroupGUID UNIQUEIDENTIFIER NULL ,
      DifferentialBaseLSN BIGINT NULL ,
      DifferentialBaseGUID UNIQUEIDENTIFIER ,
      IsReadOnly BIT ,
      IsPresent BIT ,
      TDEThumbprint NVARCHAR(100)
    )


SET NOCOUNT ON

SET @masterip='172.16.198.254'  --★Do
SET @mirrorip='172.16.198.253'   --★Do
SET @witness='999999'   --★Do
--目录后面不要带分隔符: \
SET @certpath='D:\DBBackup'   --★Do
SET @Restorepath='D:\DBBackup'   --★Do
SET @DBName='testmirror'               --★Do
SET @MKPASSWORD='master@2015key123' --★Do
SET @LOGINPWD='User_Pass@2015key123'  --★Do
SET @LISTENER_PORT='5022'  --★Do
SET @MASTERHOST_NAME='A'  --★Do
SET @SLAVEHOST_NAME='B'  --★Do
SET @WITNESSHOST_NAME='C'  --★Do






select @masteriptail= PARSENAME(@masterip,2)+'_'+PARSENAME(@masterip,1) 
select @mirroriptail= PARSENAME(@mirrorip,2)+'_'+PARSENAME(@mirrorip,1) 
select @witnesstail= PARSENAME(@witness,2)+'_'+PARSENAME(@witness,1) 


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DECLARE @stat NVARCHAR(MAX)

SET  @stat='--自动生成镜像脚本V1 By huazai'
PRINT @stat
PRINT CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)




SET  @stat='--0、首先确定要做镜像的库的恢复模式为完整,用以下sql语句来查看'+CHAR(13)
+'--主机'+CHAR(13)
+'SELECT [name], [recovery_model_desc] FROM sys.[databases]'+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

PRINT '--主:'+@masterip
PRINT '--备:'+@mirrorip
PRINT '--见证:'+@witness
PRINT CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)
PRINT @stat

--------------------------------------------------------------------
PRINT '-- ============================================='

SET  @stat='--1、 在主服务器和镜像服务器上和见证服务器上创建Master Key 、创建证书 '+CHAR(13)
+'--主机'+CHAR(13)
+'USE master;
CREATE MASTER KEY ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = '''+@MKPASSWORD+''';'
+'CREATE CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@masteriptail
+'_cert  WITH SUBJECT = ''HOST_'
+@masteriptail
+'_certificate'','+CHAR(13)
+'START_DATE = ''09/20/2010'',EXPIRY_DATE = ''01/01/2099'';'+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat


SET  @stat='--备机'+CHAR(13)
+'USE master;
CREATE MASTER KEY ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = '''+@MKPASSWORD+''';'
+'CREATE CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@mirroriptail
+'_cert  WITH SUBJECT = ''HOST_'
+@mirroriptail
+'_certificate'','+CHAR(13)
+'START_DATE = ''09/20/2010'',EXPIRY_DATE = ''01/01/2099'';'+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat


SET  @stat='--见证'+CHAR(13)
+'USE master;
CREATE MASTER KEY ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = '''+@MKPASSWORD+''';'
+'CREATE CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@witnesstail
+'_cert  WITH SUBJECT = ''HOST_'
+@witnesstail
+'_certificate'','+CHAR(13)
+'START_DATE = ''09/20/2010'',EXPIRY_DATE = ''01/01/2099'';'+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat

-----------------------------------------------------------

PRINT '-- ============================================='


SET  @stat='--2、创建镜像端点,同一个实例上只能存在一个镜像端点  '+CHAR(13)
+'--主机'+CHAR(13)
+'CREATE ENDPOINT Endpoint_Mirroring 
STATE = STARTED 
AS 
TCP ( LISTENER_PORT='+@LISTENER_PORT+' , LISTENER_IP = ALL ) 
FOR 
DATABASE_MIRRORING 
( AUTHENTICATION = CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@masteriptail
+'_cert  , ENCRYPTION = REQUIRED ALGORITHM AES , ROLE = ALL );'+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat

SET  @stat='--备机'+CHAR(13)
+'CREATE ENDPOINT Endpoint_Mirroring 
STATE = STARTED 
AS 
TCP ( LISTENER_PORT='+@LISTENER_PORT+' , LISTENER_IP = ALL ) 
FOR 
DATABASE_MIRRORING 
( AUTHENTICATION = CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@mirroriptail
+'_cert  , ENCRYPTION = REQUIRED ALGORITHM AES , ROLE = ALL );'+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat


SET  @stat='--见证'+CHAR(13)
+'CREATE ENDPOINT Endpoint_Mirroring
STATE = STARTED
AS
TCP ( LISTENER_PORT='+@LISTENER_PORT+' , LISTENER_IP = ALL )
FOR
DATABASE_MIRRORING
( AUTHENTICATION = CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@witnesstail
+'_cert  , ENCRYPTION = REQUIRED ALGORITHM AES , ROLE = ALL );'+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PRINT '-- ============================================='


SET  @stat='--3、备份证书,然后互换  '+CHAR(13)
+'--主机'+CHAR(13)
+'BACKUP CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@masteriptail
+'_cert TO FILE = '+''''+@certpath+'\HOST_'+@masteriptail+'_cert.cer'';'+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat

SET  @stat='--备机'+CHAR(13)
+'BACKUP CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@mirroriptail
+'_cert TO FILE = '+''''+@certpath+'\HOST_'+@mirroriptail+'_cert.cer'';'+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat


SET  @stat='--见证'+CHAR(13)
+'BACKUP CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@witnesstail
+'_cert TO FILE = '+''''+@certpath+'\HOST_'+@witnesstail+'_cert.cer'';'+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PRINT '-- ============================================='


SET  @stat='--4、新增主备登陆用户  '+CHAR(13)
+'--主机'+CHAR(13)
+'CREATE LOGIN '+@SLAVEHOST_NAME+'LoginUser WITH PASSWORD = '''+@LOGINPWD+'''; 
CREATE USER '+@SLAVEHOST_NAME+'User FOR LOGIN '+@SLAVEHOST_NAME+'LoginUser; 
CREATE CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@mirroriptail
+'_cert AUTHORIZATION '+@SLAVEHOST_NAME+'User FROM FILE ='''+@certpath+'\HOST_'+@mirroriptail+'_cert.cer'';'+CHAR(13)
+'GRANT CONNECT ON ENDPOINT::Endpoint_Mirroring TO ['+@SLAVEHOST_NAME+'LoginUser];'+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat






SET  @stat='CREATE LOGIN '+@WITNESSHOST_NAME+'LoginUser WITH PASSWORD = '''+@LOGINPWD+'''; 
CREATE USER '+@WITNESSHOST_NAME+'User FOR LOGIN '+@WITNESSHOST_NAME+'LoginUser; 
CREATE CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@witnesstail+
+'_cert AUTHORIZATION '+@WITNESSHOST_NAME+'User FROM FILE ='''+@certpath+'\HOST_'+@witnesstail+'_cert.cer'';'+CHAR(13)
+'GRANT CONNECT ON ENDPOINT::Endpoint_Mirroring TO ['+@WITNESSHOST_NAME+'LoginUser];'+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat





SET  @stat='--备机'+CHAR(13)
+'CREATE LOGIN '+@MASTERHOST_NAME+'LoginUser WITH PASSWORD = '''+@LOGINPWD+'''; 
CREATE USER '+@MASTERHOST_NAME+'User FOR LOGIN '+@MASTERHOST_NAME+'LoginUser; 
CREATE CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@masteriptail
+'_cert AUTHORIZATION '+@MASTERHOST_NAME+'User FROM FILE ='''+@certpath+'\HOST_'+@masteriptail+'_cert.cer'';'+CHAR(13)
+'GRANT CONNECT ON ENDPOINT::Endpoint_Mirroring TO ['+@MASTERHOST_NAME+'LoginUser];'+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat



SET  @stat='CREATE LOGIN '+@WITNESSHOST_NAME+'LoginUser WITH PASSWORD = '''+@LOGINPWD+'''; 
CREATE USER '+@WITNESSHOST_NAME+'User FOR LOGIN '+@WITNESSHOST_NAME+'LoginUser; 
CREATE CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@witnesstail+
+'_cert AUTHORIZATION '+@WITNESSHOST_NAME+'User FROM FILE ='''+@certpath+'\HOST_'+@witnesstail+'_cert.cer'';'+CHAR(13)
+'GRANT CONNECT ON ENDPOINT::Endpoint_Mirroring TO ['+@WITNESSHOST_NAME+'LoginUser];'+CHAR(13)


PRINT @stat




SET  @stat='--见证'+CHAR(13)
+'CREATE LOGIN '+@MASTERHOST_NAME+'LoginUser WITH PASSWORD = '''+@LOGINPWD+'''; 
CREATE USER '+@MASTERHOST_NAME+'User FOR LOGIN '+@MASTERHOST_NAME+'LoginUser; 
CREATE CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@masteriptail
+'_cert AUTHORIZATION '+@MASTERHOST_NAME+'User FROM FILE ='''+@certpath+'\HOST_'+@masteriptail+'_cert.cer'';'+CHAR(13)
+'GRANT CONNECT ON ENDPOINT::Endpoint_Mirroring TO ['+@MASTERHOST_NAME+'LoginUser];'+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat






SET  @stat='CREATE LOGIN '+@SLAVEHOST_NAME+'LoginUser WITH PASSWORD = '''+@LOGINPWD+'''; 
CREATE USER '+@SLAVEHOST_NAME+'User FOR LOGIN '+@SLAVEHOST_NAME+'LoginUser; 
CREATE CERTIFICATE HOST_'
+@mirroriptail
+'_cert AUTHORIZATION '+@SLAVEHOST_NAME+'User FROM FILE ='''+@certpath+'\HOST_'+@mirroriptail+'_cert.cer'';'+CHAR(13)
+'GRANT CONNECT ON ENDPOINT::Endpoint_Mirroring TO ['+@SLAVEHOST_NAME+'LoginUser];'+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat


------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PRINT '-- ============================================='



SET  @stat='--5、各个机器都开放5022端口,并且用telnet测试5022端口是否开通 将下面三个脚本各自粘贴到bat文件里'+CHAR(13)
PRINT @stat

SET  @stat='echo 主库'+CHAR(13)
+'telnet '+@mirrorip+' 5022'+CHAR(13)
+'telnet '+@witness+' 5022'+CHAR(13)
+'pause'

PRINT @stat+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

SET  @stat='echo 镜像库'+CHAR(13)
+'telnet '+@masterip+' 5022'+CHAR(13)
+'telnet '+@witness+' 5022'+CHAR(13)
+'pause'

PRINT @stat+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

SET  @stat='echo 见证'+CHAR(13)
+'telnet '+@masterip+' 5022'+CHAR(13)
+'telnet '+@mirrorip+' 5022'+CHAR(13)
+'pause'

PRINT @stat+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)


--------------------------------------------------------------

PRINT '-- ============================================='



SET  @stat='--6、备份数据库(完整备份+事务日志备份)在主机执行'+CHAR(13)
PRINT @stat

SET  @stat='DECLARE @FileName NVARCHAR(MAX)'+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat


SET  @stat='--('+@DBName+'数据库完整备份)在主机执行'+CHAR(13)
+'SET @FileName = ''D:\DBBackup\'+@DBName+'_FullBackup_1.bak''
BACKUP DATABASE ['+@DBName+']
TO DISK=@FileName WITH FORMAT ,COMPRESSION'+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat


SET  @stat='--('+@DBName+'数据库日志备份)在主机执行'+CHAR(13)
+'SET @FileName = ''D:\DBBackup\'+@DBName+'_logBackup_2.bak''
BACKUP LOG ['+@DBName+']
TO DISK=@FileName WITH FORMAT ,COMPRESSION'

PRINT @stat+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PRINT '-- ============================================='


SET  @stat='--7、还原数据库(指定norecovery方式还原)在备机执行'+CHAR(13)
PRINT @stat

SET  @Restorepath1=''

SET @Restorepath2=@Restorepath+@DBName+'_FullBackup_1.bak'
SET @SQL = 'RESTORE FILELISTONLY  FROM DISK = '''+@Restorepath2+''''  

INSERT INTO #BackupFileList EXEC (@SQL);

 DECLARE @LNAME NVARCHAR(2000)
  DECLARE @PNAME NVARCHAR(2000)


        DECLARE CurTBName CURSOR
        FOR
            SELECT LogicalName,PhysicalName
            FROM    #BackupFileList  

        OPEN CurTBName
        FETCH NEXT FROM CurTBName INTO @LNAME,@PNAME

        WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
            BEGIN  
             SET  @Restorepath1=' MOVE N'''+@LNAME+''' TO N'''+@PNAME+''', '+CHAR(13)+@Restorepath1


                FETCH NEXT FROM CurTBName INTO  @LNAME,@PNAME
            END
        CLOSE CurTBName
        DEALLOCATE CurTBName




SET  @stat='USE [master]
RESTORE DATABASE '+@DBName+' FROM  DISK = N'''+@Restorepath+@DBName+'_FullBackup_1.bak'' WITH  FILE = 1,'+CHAR(13)
+@Restorepath1
+'NOUNLOAD,NORECOVERY,  REPLACE,  STATS = 5
GO'

SET  @stat='USE [master]
RESTORE LOG '+@DBName+' FROM  DISK = N'''+@Restorepath+@DBName+'_logBackup_2.bak'' WITH  FILE = 1,'+CHAR(13)
+'NOUNLOAD,NORECOVERY,  REPLACE,  STATS = 5
GO'



PRINT @stat+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

DROP TABLE #BackupFileList

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PRINT '-- ============================================='



SET  @stat='--8、增加镜像伙伴,需要先在备机上执行,再执行主机,镜像弄好之后,默认为事务安全等级为FULL'+CHAR(13)
PRINT @stat




SET  @stat='--备机上执行'+CHAR(13)
+'USE [master]
GO

ALTER DATABASE ['+@DBName+'] SET PARTNER = '''+'TCP://'+@masterip+':5022'';  --主机服务器的ip'+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat


SET  @stat='--主机上执行'+CHAR(13)
+'USE [master]
GO

ALTER DATABASE ['+@DBName+'] SET PARTNER = '''+'TCP://'+@mirrorip+':5022'';  --镜像服务器的ip'+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat

SET  @stat='ALTER DATABASE ['+@DBName+'] SET WITNESS = '''+'TCP://'+@witness+':5022'';  --见证服务器的ip'+CHAR(13)+CHAR(13)

PRINT @stat

希望对大家有帮助

 

 

最后附上镜像相关脚本

--=================================
--拆除镜像

SELECT  DB_NAME([database_id]) as 'dbname',* FROM sys.[database_mirroring]
GO

ALTER DATABASE [test] SET PARTNER OFF
ALTER DATABASE [test] SET WITNESS OFF

--=================================
--恢复镜像
USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [Demo1] SET PARTNER RESUME
GO

--=================================
--挂起镜像  
USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [Demo1] SET PARTNER SUSPEND 
GO


--===================================================
--未发送的日志和未重做的日志情况
WITH tmp AS(
SELECT
DB_NAME(Database_id) AS DatabaseName,
ROW_NUMBER()OVER(PARTITION BY Database_id ORDER BY local_time DESC) AS RID,
*
FROM msdb.dbo.dbm_monitor_data
)
SELECT *  FROM tmp
WHERE RID=1

--看一下redo_queue 和send_queue



--=================================
--删除镜像
USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [Demo1] SET PARTNER OFF
GO
 
--=================================
--移除见证服务器
USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [Demo1] SET WITNESS OFF
GO
 
--=================================
--修改为高性能模式
USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [Demo1] SET PARTNER SAFETY OFF
GO
 
--=================================
--修改为高安全模式
USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [Demo1] SET PARTNER SAFETY FULL
GO
 
--=================================
--在高安全下手动转移镜像(在主服务器上)
USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [Demo1] SET PARTNER FAILOVER
GO
 
--=================================
--在高性能下手动转移镜像(在从服务器上),此时主服务器已停止
--同样适用高安全
USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [Demo1] SET PARTNER FORCE_SERVICE_ALLOW_DATA_LOSS
GO
 
--=================================
--在镜像被挂起后恢复镜像回话
--如镜像服务器停止后又重启时,主体服务器会被挂起,使用以下SQL来恢复镜像
USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [Demo1] SET PARTNER RESUME
GO
 
--=================================
--将数据库从还原状态转化成正常模式
USE [master]
GO
RESTORE DATABASE [Demo1] WITH RECOVERY
GO
 

--=================================
--修改为高安全模式
USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [Demo1] SET PARTNER SAFETY FULL
GO


--=================================
--在高性能下手动转移镜像(在从服务器上),此时主服务器已停止
--同样适用高安全
USE [master]
GO
ALTER DATABASE [Demo1] SET PARTNER FORCE_SERVICE_ALLOW_DATA_LOSS
GO

 

升级之后

USE [master]
GO


ALTER DATABASE [testmirror] SET COMPATIBILITY_LEVEL = 120
GO


/****** Object:  Endpoint [Endpoint_Mirroring]    Script Date: 2016/12/29 9:23:18 ******/
DROP ENDPOINT [Endpoint_Mirroring]
GO

 

 

相关视图

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/sql/relational-databases/system-catalog-views/sys-database-mirroring-transact-sql

 

 

如有不对的地方,欢迎大家拍砖o(∩_∩)o 

本文版权归作者所有,未经作者同意不得转载。

posted @ 2015-09-14 18:40 桦仔 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏