使用CorDbg进行托管调试

         Cordbg是和.Net Framework,以及Windows SDK一起ship的托管代码的调试工具,相对于VS来说,它是一个比较low-level的调试工具.

         本文的主要目的,就是看看Cordbg如何来进行托管调试,然后演示下其功能,看看其和其它的托管调试工具,譬如MDBGwindbg+SOS有啥不同.

         Mdbg,是一个使用dbgeng.dll的调试接口来开发的一个开源调试工具,版本ms现在是2.0,很久没更新了,主要是如果想依托MS的调试接口来开发一个调试器的话,可以参考这个open source的调试工具实现.不过mdbg也有一些比较有意思不错的命令.

 

         调试环境:

         VS2008, Shared Source CLI 2.0, Clix.exe, Cordbg (Ver 2.0)

         最新的MS关于Cordbg的命令行参考可以参考:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/a6zb7c8d.aspx#cpgrfruntimedebuggercordbgexeanchor4

 

A Victim Sample:

D:\Rotor\sscli20\binaries.x86dbg.rotor\test>type hello.cs

using System;

public class Hello

{

    public static void Main()

    {

        string name = null;

        int age = 0;

 

        Console.Write("Enter your name: ");

        name = Console.ReadLine();

        Console.Write("Enter your age: ");

        age = int.Parse(Console.ReadLine());

        Console.WriteLine("Welcome {0}! You are {1} years old.",name, age);

    }

}

 

这里,咱使用自己编译出来的csc.exe:

D:\Rotor\sscli20\binaries.x86dbg.rotor\test>csc

Microsoft (R) Shared Source CLI C# Compiler version 2.0.0001

for Microsoft (R) Shared Source CLI version 2.0.0

Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

 

还有cordbg也是build出来的,还是build出来的好:

D:\Rotor\sscli20\binaries.x86dbg.rotor\test>cordbg

Microsoft (R) Common Language Runtime Test Debugger Shell Version 2.0.50826.0

Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.

 

(cordbg)

 

编译victim sample:

D:\Rotor\sscli20\binaries.x86dbg.rotor\test>csc /debug+ hello.cs

Microsoft (R) Shared Source CLI C# Compiler version 2.0.0001

for Microsoft (R) Shared Source CLI version 2.0.0

Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

 

得到两个编译之后的文件,hello.exehello.ildb,一个是可执行文件,一个是sscli调试下生成的symbol文件.

然后加载cordbg开始调试:

D:\Rotor\sscli20\binaries.x86dbg.rotor\test>cordbg hello.exe

Microsoft (R) Common Language Runtime Test Debugger Shell Version 2.0.50826.0

Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.

 

(cordbg) run hello.exe

Process 3036/0xbdc created.

[thread 0x6e4] Thread created.

 

005:     {

(cordbg)

 

这种是直接启动hello.exe,然后停到源代码第五行的大括号上面,也可以attach到一个process上面去.这个时候,可以直接查看源代码,使用show命令:

(cordbg) sh

001: using System;

002: public class Hello

003: {

004:     public static void Main()

005:*    {

006:         string name = null;

007:         int age = 0;

008:

009:         Console.Write("Enter your name: ");

010:         name = Console.ReadLine();

011:         Console.Write("Enter your age: ");

012:         age = int.Parse(Console.ReadLine());

013:         Console.WriteLine("Welcome {0}! You are {1} years old.",name, age);

014:     }

015: }

(cordbg)

 

*号显示的地方,表示的是当前调试step到的地方,一开始的时候是刚进入到main函数.也可以直接显示diassemble之后的代码:

(cordbg) dis

*[IL:0000] 00:              nop

 [IL:0001] 14:              ldnull

 [IL:0002] 0a:              stloc.0

 [IL:0003] 16:              ldc.i4.0

 [IL:0004] 0b:              stloc.1

 [IL:0005] 72:01000070      ldstr       70000001

(cordbg)

 

下一个断点:

(cordbg) b hello::Main

#1      <UnknownModule>!hello::Main:0   [unbound]

(cordbg) b

#1      <UnknownModule>!hello::Main:0   [unbound]

 

显示调用堆栈:

(cordbg) w

Thread 0x6e4 Current State:Normal

0)* hello!Hello::Main +0028 in D:\Rotor\sscli20\binaries.x86dbg.rotor\test\hello

.cs:5

--- Managed transition ---

 

(cordbg)

 

想往前step一下的时候,可以使用:

ss[ingle]                    Step into the next native or IL instruction

so                            Step over the next source line

si                    Step into the next source line

s[tep]                     Step into the next source line

i[n]                         Step into the next source line

 

(cordbg) s

006:         string name = null;

(cordbg)

 

显示寄存器内容:

(cordbg) reg

Thread 0xf84:

EIP = 038bfdb3 ESP = 001ae75c EBP = 001ae778 EAX = 00000000 ECX = 00000000

EDX = 001aed30 EBX = 7ffd5000 ESI = 00000000 EDI = 00000000

ST0 = n/a      ST1 = n/a      ST2 = n/a      ST3 = n/a      ST4 = n/a

ST5 = n/a      ST6 = n/a      ST7 = n/a

EFL = 0246 CS = 001b CY = 0 PE = 1 AC = 0 ZR = 1 PL = 0 EI = 1 UP = 0 OV = 0

 

ControlWord = ffff027f StatusWord = ffff0020 TagWord = ffffffff

ErrorOffset = 79c04362 ErrorSelector = 051c001b DataOffset = 001aaf28

DataSelector = ffff0023 Cr0NpxState = 00000000

(cordbg)

 

基本命令还有一些,不过大部分对经常使用基于dbgeng.dll的调试工具的人来说都不陌生.不过有一个命令使用起来特别有意思,感觉在显示call tree方面是目前为止看到最强悍的:

Wt           Track native instruction count and display call tree

 

 (cordbg) wt

      15         Hello::Main

      20          Console::Write

      55           Console::get_Out

      40            Console::InitializeStdOutError

      62             Console::get_InternalSyncObject

      28            Object::.ctor

      48           Console::get_InternalSyncObject

      82            Console::InitializeStdOutError

      54             Console::OpenStandardOutput

      46              Console::GetStandardFile

      24               SafeFileHandle::.ctor

      33                SafeHandleZeroOrMinusOneIsInvalid::.ctor

      22                 SafeHandle::.ctor

      20                  CriticalFinalizerObject::.ctor

      28                 Object::.ctor

      17                CriticalFinalizerObject::.ctor

      53                 SafeHandle::.ctor

      22                  GC::.cctor

      28                 Object::.ctor

      24                 GC::.cctor

      61                GC::SuppressFinalize

       7                 SafeHandle::.ctor

      41                  BCLDebug::get_SafeHandleStackTracesEnabled

      40                   BCLDebug::CheckRegistry

      22                    AppDomain::get_CurrentDomain

      26                     Thread::GetDomain

      74                    Thread::get_CurrentThread

<Ctrl-C>

Async break not allowed at this time.

ControlC Trap

      62        Thread::GetDomain

 

    1054 instructions total

(cordbg)

 

这里的输出要很久才能显示完,故输出了几行就ctrl+c打断了.

 

总的来说,cordbg来进行托管调试还是不错的,包含了windbg+sos的大部分功能.但是功能没有windbg+sos强大,也没有windbg图形化调试各个窗口的状态实时查看的清楚.所以,在某些场合下用用还是可以的.

 

Enjoy it. Cheer!

 

Lbq1221119@cnblogs first posted http://sscli.cnblogs.com

2008-11-13 00:53:28 AM

 

posted on 2008-11-17 22:23 lbq1221119 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏

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