WPF布局的应用

一 写在开头
1.1 本文内容
本文主要内容是使用WPF来实现几个简单的界面。

二 登录窗口小例子
2.1 实现代码
XAML代码:

 1 <Window x:Class="LoginDialog.MainWindow"
 2         xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
 3         xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
 4         Title="Login" Height="200" Width="400">
 5     <Grid>
 6         <Grid>
 7             <Grid.RowDefinitions>
 8                 <RowDefinition></RowDefinition>
 9                 <RowDefinition></RowDefinition>
10                 <RowDefinition></RowDefinition>
11             </Grid.RowDefinitions>
12             <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
13                 <ColumnDefinition></ColumnDefinition>
14                 <ColumnDefinition></ColumnDefinition>
15             </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
16             <TextBlock HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center" Margin="5" Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="0" Text="用户名:" FontSize="18px"></TextBlock>
17             <TextBox Name="tbUserName" Margin="5" Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="1"></TextBox>
18             <TextBlock HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center" Margin="5" Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="0" Text="密码:" FontSize="18px"></TextBlock>
19             <PasswordBox Name="pbPassword" Margin="5" Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="1"></PasswordBox>
20             <Button Name="btnLogin" Margin="10" Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="0" Content="登录" FontSize="18px" Click="btnLogin_Click"></Button>
21             <Button Name="btnCancel" Margin="10" Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="1" Content="取消" FontSize="18px"></Button>
22         </Grid>
23     </Grid>
24 </Window>

 

 

逻辑代码:

 1 private void btnLogin_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
 2 {
 3     string username = tbUserName.Text;
 4     string password = pbPassword.Password;
 5 
 6     if ((username == "") || (password == ""))
 7     {
 8         MessageBox.Show("用户名或密码不能为空!");
 9     }
10     else
11     {
12         if ((username == "admin") && (password == "123"))
13         {
14             MessageBox.Show("登录成功!");
15         }
16         else
17         {
18             MessageBox.Show("用户名或密码错误!");
19         }
20     }
21 }

上面的逻辑代码中有个需要注意的地方。在WPF中TextBox和PasswordBox这两个输入框在用户没有输入的时候返回值为空字符串(即"")而不是null!

2.2 效果图

 

三 连连看游戏界面的实现
3.1 实现代码
XAML代码:

1 <Window x:Class="连连看.MainWindow"
2         xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
3         xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
4         Title="MainWindow" Height="600" Width="600" Loaded="Window_Loaded">
5     <Grid>
6         <Grid Name="gridGame"></Grid>
7     </Grid>
8 </Window>

为什么XAML里只有一个名为gridGame的Grid布局?因为界面中的元素在下面的逻辑代码中动态地创建了。

逻辑代码:

 1 private void Window_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
 2 {
 3     // 修改窗口标题
 4     this.Title = "连连看";
 5 
 6     // 动态设定gridGame为10行10列
 7     for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
 8     {
 9         RowDefinition rd = new RowDefinition();
10         gridGame.RowDefinitions.Add(rd);
11 
12         ColumnDefinition cd = new ColumnDefinition();
13         gridGame.ColumnDefinitions.Add(cd);
14     }
15 
16     // 随机数产生器
17     Random random = new Random();
18 
19     // 随机产生图片名称并填入10行10列的格子中
20     for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
21     {
22         for (int j = 0; j < 10; j++)
23         {
24             Image img = new Image();
25             int imgNum = random.Next(1, 10);
26             img.Source = new BitmapImage(new Uri("img/" + imgNum + ".png", UriKind.Relative));
27             Grid.SetRow(img, i);
28             Grid.SetColumn(img, j);
29             gridGame.Children.Add(img);
30         }
31     }
32 }

 

3.2 效果图

 

四 Windows计算器界面的实现
4.1 实现代码
XAML代码:

 1 <Window x:Class="计算器.MainWindow"
 2         xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
 3         xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
 4         Title="计算器" Height="332" Width="228">
 5     <Grid>
 6         <DockPanel>
 7             <Menu DockPanel.Dock="Top">
 8                 <MenuItem Header="查看"></MenuItem>
 9                 <MenuItem Header="编辑"></MenuItem>
10                 <MenuItem Header="帮助"></MenuItem>
11             </Menu>
12             <Grid>
13                 <Grid.RowDefinitions>
14                     <RowDefinition></RowDefinition>
15                     <RowDefinition></RowDefinition>
16                     <RowDefinition></RowDefinition>
17                     <RowDefinition></RowDefinition>
18                     <RowDefinition></RowDefinition>
19                     <RowDefinition></RowDefinition>
20                     <RowDefinition></RowDefinition>
21                 </Grid.RowDefinitions>
22                 <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
23                     <ColumnDefinition></ColumnDefinition>
24                     <ColumnDefinition></ColumnDefinition>
25                     <ColumnDefinition></ColumnDefinition>
26                     <ColumnDefinition></ColumnDefinition>
27                     <ColumnDefinition></ColumnDefinition>
28                 </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
29                 <TextBlock Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="0" FontSize="18px" TextAlignment="Right" Text="0" Grid.ColumnSpan="5"></TextBlock>
30                 <Button Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="0" Content="MC"></Button>
31                 <Button Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="1" Content="MR"></Button>
32                 <Button Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="2" Content="MS"></Button>
33                 <Button Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="3" Content="M+"></Button>
34                 <Button Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="4" Content="M-"></Button>
35                 <Button Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="0" Content="&lt;--"></Button>
36                 <Button Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="1" Content="CE"></Button>
37                 <Button Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="2" Content="C"></Button>
38                 <Button Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="3" Content="±"></Button>
39                 <Button Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="4" Content="√"></Button>
40                 <Button Grid.Row="3" Grid.Column="0" Content="7"></Button>
41                 <Button Grid.Row="3" Grid.Column="1" Content="8"></Button>
42                 <Button Grid.Row="3" Grid.Column="2" Content="9"></Button>
43                 <Button Grid.Row="3" Grid.Column="3" Content="/"></Button>
44                 <Button Grid.Row="3" Grid.Column="4" Content="%"></Button>
45                 <Button Grid.Row="4" Grid.Column="0" Content="4"></Button>
46                 <Button Grid.Row="4" Grid.Column="1" Content="5"></Button>
47                 <Button Grid.Row="4" Grid.Column="2" Content="6"></Button>
48                 <Button Grid.Row="4" Grid.Column="3" Content="*"></Button>
49                 <Button Grid.Row="4" Grid.Column="4" Content="1/x"></Button>
50                 <Button Grid.Row="5" Grid.Column="0" Content="1"></Button>
51                 <Button Grid.Row="5" Grid.Column="1" Content="2"></Button>
52                 <Button Grid.Row="5" Grid.Column="2" Content="3"></Button>
53                 <Button Grid.Row="5" Grid.Column="3" Content="-"></Button>
54                 <Button Grid.Row="5" Grid.RowSpan="2" Grid.Column="4" Content="="></Button>
55                 <Button Grid.Row="6" Grid.Column="0" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" Content="0"></Button>
56                 <Button Grid.Row="6" Grid.Column="2" Content="."></Button>
57                 <Button Grid.Row="6" Grid.Column="3" Content="+"></Button>
58             </Grid>
59         </DockPanel>
60     </Grid>
61 </Window>

 

4.2 效果图

posted @ 2018-04-19 13:45 wallace-lai 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏