Enum 绑定到 CheckBox

第一种方法:

  后台:

 internal static class EnumCache<T> 
        where T : struct, IConvertible
    {
        private static Dictionary<int, Tuple<T, string>> collectionCache;

        public static Dictionary<int, Tuple<T, string>> CollectionCache
        {
            get
            {
                if (collectionCache == null)
                {
                    collectionCache = CreateCache();
                }
                return collectionCache;
            }
        }

        private static Dictionary<int, Tuple<T, string>> CreateCache()
        {
            Dictionary<int, Tuple<T, string>> collectionCache = new Dictionary<int, Tuple<T, string>>();

            var fields = typeof(T).GetFields().Where(x => x.IsLiteral);

            foreach (var field in fields)
            {
                var intValue = (int)field.GetValue(null);
                var displayText = ((DescriptionAttribute[])field.GetCustomAttributes(typeof(DescriptionAttribute), false))[0].Description;
                T operatorEnum = (T)(object)field.GetValue(null);
                var tuple = Tuple.Create(operatorEnum, displayText);
                collectionCache.Add(intValue, tuple);
            }
            return collectionCache;
        }
    }

    public class LogicalOperatorEnumConverter : IValueConverter
    {
        public object Convert(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
        {
            //this is a hack, binding is unbinding to text i think???
            if (value is string)
            {
                value = LogicalOperator.Where;
            }

            return EnumCache<LogicalOperator>.CollectionCache[(int)value].Item2;
        }

        public object ConvertBack(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
        {
            var displayText = (String)value;
            var key = EnumCache<LogicalOperator>.CollectionCache.Single(x => x.Value.Item2 == displayText).Key;
            return (object)EnumCache<LogicalOperator>.CollectionCache[key].Item1;
        }
    }

前台:

<templates:LogicalOperatorEnumConverter x:Key="LogicalOperatorEnumConverter" />
<
ComboBox ToolTip="The logical operator" Grid.Column="1" Margin="2 0 0 0" ItemsSource="{Binding LogicalOperators}" SelectedItem="{Binding LogicalOperator, Mode=TwoWay}" > <ComboBox.ItemTemplate> <DataTemplate> <TextBlock Text="{Binding Path=. , Converter={StaticResource LogicalOperatorEnumConverter}}" /> </DataTemplate> </ComboBox.ItemTemplate> </ComboBox>

此方法为泛型方法封装,每次用时,都要写一个转换器,如:LogicalOperatorEnumConverter 。 

第二种方法:

  写一个固定的类:

    

 public class ComboBoxDataModel : BaseEntity
    {
        private Guid _id;
        public Guid ID { get => _id; set => SetProperty(ref _id, value); }
        private string value;

        public string Value
        {
            get { return value; }
            set { this.value = value; OnPropertyChanged("Value"); }
        }
        private string text;

        public string Text
        {
            get { return text; }
            set { this.text = value; OnPropertyChanged("Text"); }
        }
        private bool isChecked;
        public bool IsChecked
        {
            get { return isChecked; }
            set { this.isChecked = value; OnPropertyChanged("IsChecked"); }
        }

    }

将Enum转成ObservableCollection<ComboBoxDataModel>


/// <summary>
/// 枚举转换为List,显示名称为summary
/// </summary>
/// <param name="pEnum"></param>
/// <param name="pShowEnumValue">True:返回的是0,1,2等值;False:返回的是值对于的枚举项目名称</param>
/// <returns></returns>

public static ObservableCollection<ComboBoxDataModel> GetEnumList(Type pEnumType, bool pShowEnumValue = true)
        {
            ObservableCollection<ComboBoxDataModel> list = new ObservableCollection<ComboBoxDataModel>();
            Type typeDescription = typeof(DescriptionAttribute);
            System.Reflection.FieldInfo[] fields = pEnumType.GetFields();
            string strText = string.Empty;
            string strValue = string.Empty;
            foreach (FieldInfo field in fields)
            {
                if (field.FieldType.IsEnum)
                {
                    if (pShowEnumValue)
                    {
                        strValue = ((int)pEnumType.InvokeMember(field.Name, BindingFlags.GetField, null, null, null)).ToString();
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        strValue = pEnumType.InvokeMember(field.Name, BindingFlags.GetField, null, null, null).ToString();
                    }
                    object[] arr = field.GetCustomAttributes(typeDescription, true);
                    if (arr.Length > 0)
                    {
                        DescriptionAttribute aa = (DescriptionAttribute)arr[0];
                        strText = aa.Description;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        strText = field.Name;
                    }
                    list.Add(new ComboBoxDataModel() { Text = strText, Value = strValue });
                }
            }
            return list;
        }

ViewModel:

 private ObservableCollection<ComboBoxDataModel> _enumBusinessPartDiscountTypeList;
        //数量范围列表
        public ObservableCollection<ComboBoxDataModel> EnumBusinessPartDiscountTypeList
        {
            get => _enumBusinessPartDiscountTypeList;
            set
            {
                 SetProperty(ref _enumBusinessPartDiscountTypeList, value);
            }
        }

ctor中
 EnumBusinessPartDiscountTypeList =
                ComboBoxListHelper.GetEnumList(typeof(EnumBusinessPartDiscountType), true);

前台:

 <ComboBox x:Name="cmbQuantitativeRange" Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="3" DisplayMemberPath="Text" SelectedValuePath="Value"  Margin="5" Height="25"
                      ItemsSource="{Binding EnumBusinessPartDiscountTypeList}" 
                      SelectedItem="{Binding SelectedEnumBusinessPartDiscountType,Mode=TwoWay,UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}">                            
                        </ComboBox>

 

这种方式也可以,但需要写更多的代码,项目一开始用的是第二种。后来发现第一种,感觉第一种更比较好理解点。主要还是看项目需求,来选择。

posted @ 2018-04-10 11:34 ilison 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏